Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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lemmata

Dictionary headwords relevant to the editions

This material is incomplete and is for reference only: it has not been checked and quality-controlled and should not be cited. References are to the new edition and may not correspond to the text of Skj.

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gefa (verb)

‘give’

sourcefreq.total
ONP (prose citations):1219721428
SkP: 220127911
Malfong.is (prose):23111392394

forms: gaf, gafk, gafz, gefaz, gief, giefr, giefr, gaft, giefi, giefaz, giefið, gôfu, gǫfumk, gaz, gáfuz, gaftu, gaf, gaf*, gefz, gæfir sg 2nd pret, gafsk, gefðu, gefþu, gáfo, Gaf nom m sg pret, Gef nom m sg, Gefa nom f infinitive, Gefast, Gefi, Gefist, Gefið, Gefur sg 3rd pres, Gáfu pl 3rd pret, Gáfust, gafst sg pret, gefast pl 3rd pres infinitive, gefi pres, gefist , gefnar nom f pl pret participle, gefnir nom m pl pret participle, gefst sg, gefum pl 1st pres, gefur sg 3rd pres, gáfum, gáfust pl pret, gæfist sg 3rd pret, gefanda, Gief, Gefr, Gaf*, kafu, kaf, kiuai, gefom, Gafst, gefna infinitive, Gefum, gefask, gáfumk, giefner, giefazt, gaf̣, Gáfumk, gæfi, gefinn, gefið, gæfa, gefir, gafta, giefa, gæfu, gefr, gefit, gefa, gef, gáfu, ga, gefin, gaf, Gaf*, gáfuð, gafo, gefiɴ, gęfi, gaf, ⟦gefa, gęfa, gefsk, gáfusk

ungrouped:
Anon Alpost 3VII l. 1: Gief ‘grant’
Anon Alpost 5VII l. 1: giefi ‘grant’
Anon Alpost 10VII l. 1: giefr ‘gives’
Anon Alpost 11VII l. 1: giefi ‘grant’
Gestumbl Heiðr 27VIII (Heiðr 74) l. 6: gefr ‘gives’
Anon Heil 12VII l. 3: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Heil 18VII l. 4: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Heildr 9VII l. 1: gefr ‘gives’
Anon Heildr 15VII l. 4: gef ‘give’
Anon Hsv 4VII l. 2: gefa ‘give’
Anon Hsv 19VII l. 3 [variant]: gefa ‘’
Anon Hsv 22VII l. 4: gef ‘give’
Anon Hsv 26VII l. 5: gefit ‘granted’
Anon Hsv 36VII l. 2: gefr ‘gives’
Anon Hsv 48VII l. 2 [variant]: gefz ‘’
Anon Hsv 105VII l. 3: gefa ‘pay’
Anon Hsv 105VII l. 3 [variant]: gæfir ‘’
Kálf Kátr 1VII l. 1: gief ‘grant’
Kálf Kátr 17VII l. 4: gief ‘give’
Kálf Kátr 51VII l. 3: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Krm 16VIII l. 10: gefit ‘given’
Anon Leið 1VII l. 5: gefi ‘give’
Anon Leið 4VII l. 6: gefit ‘given’
Anon Leið 5VII l. 1: gefi ‘give’
Anon Leið 11VII l. 5: Gefa ‘he will give’
Anon Leið 19VII l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Leið 32VII l. 5: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Leið 33VII l. 1: Gefr ‘gives’
Anon Leið 37VII l. 7: gefr ‘gives’
Anon Leið 42VII l. 7: gefr ‘gives’
Anon Líkn 1VII l. 2: gef ‘give’
Anon Líkn 37VII l. 7: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Mdr 7VII l. 6: gief ‘give’
Anon Mdr 12VII l. 4: giefr ‘gives’
Anon Mdr 18VII l. 1: giefr ‘gives’
Anon Mdr 27VII l. 1: giefr ‘gives’
Anon Mdr 28VII l. 6: gaft ‘you gave’
Anon Mdr 35VII l. 5: Gief ‘grant’
Anon Mdr 37VII l. 2: gief ‘give’
Anon Mdr 43VII l. 2: gief ‘grant’
Anon Mey 6VII l. 3: giefr ‘gives’
Anon Mey 10VII l. 7: giefa ‘give’
Anon Mey 29VII l. 1: Gief ‘Give’
Anon Mey 42VII l. 2: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Mgr 1VII l. 1: gief ‘give’
Anon Mgr 2VII l. 6: gief ‘give’
Anon Mgr 28VII l. 4: giefi ‘give’
Anon Mgr 32VII l. 3: giefr ‘gives’
Anon Mgr 37VII l. 8: gaft ‘gave’
Anon Mgr 38VII l. 8: giefr ‘gives’
Anon Mhkv 4III l. 1: gefa ‘give’
Anon Mhkv 14III l. 4: gefask ‘they turn out’
Anon Mhkv 18III l. 4: gafsk ‘showed herself’
Anon Mhkv 23III l. 2: gefa ‘give’
Anon Mv I 1VII l. 1: giefi ‘give’
Anon Mv I 23VII l. 5: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Mv II 1VII l. 1: gief ‘grant’
Anon Mv II 7VII l. 8: giefr ‘sheds [lit. gives out]’
Anon Mv II 16VII l. 4: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Mv II 18VII l. 8: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Mv II 19VII l. 5: gaz ‘was given’
Anon Mv II 19VII l. 7: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Mv III 1VII l. 1: gief ‘give’
Anon Mv III 3VII l. 4: gaf ‘was’
Anon Mv III 12VII l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Mv III 25VII l. 2: giefr ‘grants’
Anon Mv III 29VII l. 1: gief ‘give’
Anon Nkt 61II l. 9: Gaf* ‘gave’
Anon Óldr 9I l. 6: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Óldr 11I l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Óldr 25I l. 7: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Pét 12VII l. 6: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Pét 22VII l. 7: giefa ‘give’
Anon Pét 32VII l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Pét 53VII l. 8: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Pl 5VII l. 6: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Pl 30VII l. 2: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Pl 39VII l. 1: gefr ‘gives’
Anon Sól 13VII l. 4 [variant]: gaf ‘’
Anon Sól 20VII l. 1: gafz ‘it turned out’
Anon Sól 31VII l. 4: gefaz ‘turn out’
Anon Sól 69VII l. 3: gefit ‘given’
Anon Sól 82VII l. 5: gefi ‘give’
Anon Vitn 4VII l. 8: gáfuz ‘gave each other’
Anon Vitn 6VII l. 7: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Vitn 25VII l. 6: gaftu ‘You gave’
Anon Sveinfl 1I l. 7: gafsk ‘was given to’
Bersi Lv 1I l. 8: gefa ‘to give’
Bjbp Jóms 10I l. 3: gafsk ‘came’
Bjbp Jóms 44I l. 2: gefit ‘given’
Bragi Rdr 7III l. 3: gǫfumk ‘gave me’
Bragi Rdr 12III l. 3: gǫfumk ‘gave me’
Bragi Frag 5III l. 3: gaf ‘gave’
Brúlf Lv 1I l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
ESk Eystdr 1II l. 7: gaf ‘surrendered’
ESk Geisl 30VII l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
ESk Geisl 34VII l. 8: gaf ‘gave’
ESk Geisl 38VII l. 3: gefr ‘gives’
ESk Geisl 43VII l. 4: gaf ‘gave’
ESk Geisl 45VII l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
ESk Geisl 46VII l. 2: gaf ‘gave’
ESk Hardr II 5II l. 5: gefi ‘give’
ESk Harsonkv 1II l. 1: gefr ‘gives’
ESk Øxfl 5III l. 1: Gaf ‘gave’
ESk Sigdr II 1II l. 3: gefit ‘given’
Edáð Banddr 1I l. 7: gaf ‘gave’
Eskál Vell 2I l. 3 [variant]: gefi ‘’
Eskál Vell 35I l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Lil 13VII l. 4: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Lil 13VII l. 8: gæfi ‘would give’
Anon Lil 23VII l. 8: giefið ‘given’
Anon Lil 83VII l. 5: gief ‘Give’
Gamlkan Has 25VII l. 1: gefr ‘gives’
Gísl Magnkv 7II l. 5: gaf ‘He gave’
Glúmr Gráf 4I l. 2: gaf ‘gave’
GunnLeif Merl I 42VIII (Bret 110) l. 3: gefin ‘set’
GunnLeif Merl I 59VIII (Bret 127) l. 7: gefr ‘will give’
GunnLeif Merl I 97VIII (Bret 165) l. 4: gæfi ‘gives’
HSt Rst 12I l. 2: gaf ‘gave away’
Hfr ErfÓl 20I l. 7 [variant]: gefa ‘’
Hfr Óldr 3I l. 5: gaf ‘gave’
Hskv Útdr 11II l. 4: gaft ‘gave’
Máni Lv 1II l. 1: gef ‘give’
Mark Eirdr 5II l. 2: gaf ‘gave’
Mark Eirdr 28II l. 6: gefit ‘given’
Okík Magn 2II l. 4: gaf ‘gave’
Ólhelg Lv 7I l. 8 [variant]: gefisk ‘’
Ólhelg Lv 7I l. 8 [variant]: gefit ‘’
Ólhelg Lv 8I l. 5 [variant]: gefit ‘’
Ólhv Thómdr 2III l. 1: gefr ‘you give’
Ólhv Hryn 8II l. 8: gaf ‘spared’
Ólsv Kristdr 2III l. 1: gaft ‘you gave’
RvHbreiðm Hl 36III l. 1: Gaf ‘gave’
RvHbreiðm Hl 36III l. 7: gaf ‘gave’
RvHbreiðm Hl 50III l. 8: gefin ‘given’
RvHbreiðm Hl 52III l. 6: gefit ‘given’
Sigv Austv 20I l. 8: gefit ‘conceded’
Sigv Austv 20I l. 8 [variant]: gefir ‘’
Sigv Berv 2II l. 7: gaf ‘gave’
Sigv Berv 6II l. 4: gôfu ‘brought’
Sigv Berv 18II l. 2: gef ‘give’
Sigv ErfÓl 27I l. 4: gaf ‘gave’
Sigv Erlfl 9I l. 5: gaf ‘gave’
Sigv Vestv 5I l. 5: gaf ‘gave’
Sigv Vestv 7I l. 7: gefin ‘given’
Sigv Lv 19I l. 4: gaf ‘gave’
Skúli Svǫlðr 3III l. 2: gafk ‘I offered’
SnSt Ht 24III l. 5: gefr ‘gives’
SnSt Ht 25III l. 1: gefr ‘gives’
SnSt Ht 26III l. 3: gefr ‘gives’
SnSt Ht 29III l. 5: gaf ‘gave’
SnSt Ht 39III l. 6: gaf ‘gave’
SnSt Ht 46III l. 1: gefr ‘gives’
SnSt Ht 47III l. 1: gefr ‘gives’
SnSt Ht 56III l. 5: Gefr ‘gives’
SnSt Ht 89III l. 3: gefr ‘gives’
SnSt Ht 93III l. 3: gefr ‘gives’
SnSt Ht 98III l. 2: gefa ‘give’
Steinn Óldr 13II l. 1: Gefr ‘gives out’
Steinn Óldr 14II l. 5: gefr ‘gives’
Steinn Óldr 15II l. 1: gefr ‘gives’
Steinn Óldr 16II l. 1: gefr ‘gives’
Sturl Hákfl 5II l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Sturl Hrafn 7II l. 5: gaf ‘surrendered’
ÞGísl Búdr 3I l. 7: gafsk ‘were given’
ÞKolb Eirdr 7I l. 7: gafsk ‘affected’
ÞKolb Eirdr 15I l. 2: gaf ‘gave’
ÞSjár Róðdr 1I l. 4 [variant]: gaf ‘’
Þblǫnd Sigdr 2III l. 2: gefr ‘gives’
Þfisk Lv 2II l. 3: Gaf ‘gave’
Þjóð Har 3I l. 1: Gaf ‘gave’
ÞjóðA Magnfl 16II l. 4: gefa ‘to give’
ÞjóðA Lv 9II l. 4: gefin ‘been handed over’
Þloft Tøgdr 6I l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Þloft Tøgdr 6I l. 5: gaf ‘he gave’
Þorm Lv 10I l. 1: gaft ‘you gave’
Þstf Lv 2II l. 4: gefa ‘to give’
VSt Erf 1III l. 2: gefinn ‘given’
Anon (TGT) 12III l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Anon (TGT) 26III l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Anon (Vǫlsa) 13I l. 3: gefr ‘gives’
Busla Busl 4VIII (Bós 4) l. 12: gefir ‘forego’
Busla Busl 5VIII (Bós 5) l. 10: gefir ‘your hatred’
Busla Busl 6VIII (Bós 6) l. 12: gefir ‘forego’
Anon (Ragn) 3VIII (Ragn 33) l. 7: gafta ‘did not give’
Mágj Lv 3VIII (Mág 3) l. 7: gefit ‘are’
Anon (LaufE) 4III l. 3: gefr ‘gives’
ǪrvOdd Ævdr 2VIII (Ǫrv 72) l. 1: gefit ‘provided’
ǪrvOdd Ævdr 22VIII (Ǫrv 92) l. 8: gefa ‘to give’
ǪrvOdd Ævdr 35VIII (Ǫrv 105) l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Hjálm Lv 10VIII (Ǫrv 20) l. 5: gef ‘will provide’
Anon (Hhárf) 1I l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Anon (HSig) 9II l. 7: gefið ‘you will provide’
Anon Brúðv 1VII l. 1: giefi ‘provide’
Anon Brúðv 6VII l. 4: gaf ‘gave’
Anon Brúðv 23VII l. 3: giefaz ‘turn out’
Hringrk Lv 2VIII (Frið 40) l. 1: Gef ‘give’
Gauti Lv 1VIII (Gautr 1) l. 2: gaf ‘gave’
StarkSt Vík 17VIII (Gautr 25) l. 8: gefinn ‘given’
StarkSt Vík 25VIII (Gautr 33) l. 1: gaf ‘gave’
Gríml Lv 5VIII (GrL 7) l. 5: gefin ‘be given’
Hálfr Innkv 5VIII (Hálf 23) l. 1: Gefa ‘give’
Hróksv Hrkv 23VIII (Hálf 73) l. 2: gefa ‘put’
Angantýr Lv 11VIII (Heiðr 46) l. 2: gæfa ‘give’
Vargeisa Lv 3VIII (HjǪ 8) l. 6: gæfu ‘good luck’
Vargeisa Lv 5VIII (HjǪ 10) l. 3: gefr ‘gives’
Hǫrðr Lv 5VIII (HjǪ 47) l. 3: gef ‘give’
HervH Lv 4VIII (HjǪ 27) l. 1: Gef ‘Give’
Hundk Lv 6VIII (HjǪ 38) l. 2: gef ‘make’
Keth Lv 3VIII (Ket 5) l. 8: gaf ‘gave’
Keth Lv 9VIII (Ket 14) l. 3: gefið ‘give’
Forað Lv 4VIII (Ket 24) l. 10: gefit ‘be given’
Bǫðmóðr Lv 3VIII (Ket 32) l. 5: gaf ‘gave’
Ásb Ævkv 4VIII (OStór 7) l. 6: gaf ‘gave’
Gyðja Lv 4VIII (Ǫrv 64) l. 5: gaf ‘gave’
Þfagr Frag 2III l. 3: gefr ‘gives’
Svart Skauf 38VIII l. 7: giefa ‘desist’
AngH Lv 3VIII (Heiðr 96) l. 5: gef ‘will give’
AngH Lv 3VIII (Heiðr 96) l. 6: gef ‘will give’
AngH Lv 3VIII (Heiðr 96) l. 7: gef ‘will give’
AngH Lv 4VIII (Heiðr 97) l. 1: gef ‘will give’
AngH Lv 4VIII (Heiðr 97) l. 5: gef ‘will give’
Anon (Gautr) 1VIII (Gautr 8) l. 7: gaf ‘he gave’
Anon (Vǫls) 6VIII (Vǫls 26) l. 3: gáfu ‘gave’

compounds:

indexed kennings:

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