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Gamli kanóki (Gamlkan)

12th century; volume 7; ed. Katrina Attwood;

1. Harmsól (Has) - 65

Gamli kanóki ‘canon Gamli’ (where the name Gamli, ‘the old one’ may itself be a nickname) is best known as the author of the poem Harmsól ‘Sun of Sorrow’, which is explicitly ascribed to him in a marginal note at the beginning of the poem on fol. 12r, l. 42 of the sole surviving ms., AM 757 a 4° (B): Harmsol er gamle orti kanokeHarmsól, which canon Gamli composed’. Gamli is also mentioned by name in Jóns saga postula (Jón4), where the author of the prose text prefaces the quotation of four sts from Gamli’s Jónsdrápa with the information: Annan mann til óðgirðar signaðum Johanni nefnum vér Gamla kanunk austr í Þykkvabœ, hann orti drápu dyrligum Johanni ‘As the second man to have composed a poem to blessed John we [I] name canon Gamli in the east at Þykkvabœr, he composed a drápa to S. John’ (Jón4 1874, 510). In a remark before the fourth st. Gamli is referred to as bróðir Gamli ‘Brother Gamli’ (Jón4 1874, 511). Þykkvabœr was an Augustinian monastery in south-eastern Iceland founded in 1168; Gamli was thus an Augustinian canon (or canon regular) of this community. His floruit can be inferred from the date of the foundation of Þykkvabœr as being in the mid- to late C12th.

file 2006-12-15 - Gamli kanoki w. MCR corrections

Harmsól (‘Sun of Sorrow’) — Gamlkan HasVII

Katrina Attwood 2007, ‘ Gamli kanóki, Harmsól’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 70-132. <> (accessed 20 October 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65 

Skj: Gamli kanóki: 2. Harmsól, „er gamle orti kanoke“ (AI, 562-72, BI, 548-65)

SkP info: VII, 85-6

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

13 — Gamlkan Has 13VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

2an (conj.) ‘than...’ — 13/7

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 13/5

betri (adj. comp.) [°superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.] ‘better, best...’ — 13/6

dáð (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘feat, deed...’dáðir 13/2

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 13/3

2frón (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’fróns 13/3

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 13/1

gauti (noun m.) ‘man, Geat...’gautum 13/1

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’ — 13/7

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 13/1

kind (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘offspring, race...’ — 13/5

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kunnum 13/8

laskr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘[weaknesses]...’lǫskum 13/4

lax (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘salmon...’laxa 13/3

2láð (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’láðs 13/2

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’Létk 13/1

1leyna (verb) ‘hide, conceal...’leyndak 13/3

ljóss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’ljós 13/1

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’máttak 13/4

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 13/6

nøkkurr (pron.) ‘some, a certain...’nǫkkurar 13/2

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’því 13/8

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggja 13/5

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 13/4

setr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘seat, abode...’setrs 13/6

sunna (noun f.) ‘sun...’sunnu 13/8

sýna (verb) ‘show, seem...’sýndisk 13/5

vel (adv.) ‘well, very...’ — 13/8

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’værak 13/7

vísi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘leader...’ — 13/7

þáttr (noun m.) [°dat. þǽtti; þǽttir, acc. þáttu] ‘strand, tale...’þôtt 13/4

2þykkr (adj.) ‘thick...’þokka 13/6


Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated