Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

Skj info: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld, Islandsk skjald og lærd, d. 1259. (AII, 92-8, BII, 104-10).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om kong Hákon
2. Et hrynhent digt
3. Árónsdrápa
4. Af et digt om Thomas Becket
5. Lausavísur

prose works

The Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) - 330

The Third Grammatical TreatiseTGT

Tarrin Wills 2017, ‘The Third Grammatical Treatise’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

195 — Ólhv, TGT §13.8

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references grammar quiz


Cite as: Not published: do not cite (Ólhv, TGT §13.8)

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Perisológía er hégómlig viðrlagning orðanna þeira, er ekki merkingar-afl hafa með því máli, sem upp er tekit, sem hér er kveðit:

Þat hefi ek sagt
er sjálfr vissag
duldr fer ek hins
er drengr þegir.
Hér þarf ekki hit síðarra mál, þvíat þat má skilja, ef maðr segir þat, er hann veit, at hann þegir yfir því, er hann veit eigi.


Perissologia is the superfluous addition of words, which add no extra degree of meaning to the sentence, as is illustrated here:

Þat hefi ek sagt
er sjálfr vissag
duldr fer ek hins
er drengr þegir.

Here the final clause is unnecessary, since it may be understood that if a man says what he knows he keeps silent about what he does not know.


editions: Skj Not in Skj; FJ 56/19-57/9


AM 748 I b 4° (A) 5r, 15 - 5r, 18 (Gramm)  image  image  
AM 242 fol (W) 104, 15 - 104, 18 (Gramm)  transcr.  image  image  image  
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