Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

Skj info: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld, Islandsk skjald og lærd, d. 1259. (AII, 92-8, BII, 104-10).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om kong Hákon
2. Et hrynhent digt
3. Árónsdrápa
4. Af et digt om Thomas Becket
5. Lausavísur

prose works

The Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) - 330

The Third Grammatical TreatiseTGT

Tarrin Wills 2017, ‘The Third Grammatical Treatise’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

193 — Ólhv, TGT §13.6

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references grammar quiz


Cite as: Not published: do not cite (Ólhv, TGT §13.6)

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Sá lǫstr heyrir ok cacenphaton, er vér kǫllum nykrat eða finngálknat, ok verðr þat mest í nýgørvingum sem hér:

Hringtælir gaf hálu
hlýrsólar mér dýra
oss kom hrund til handa
hræpolls drifin golli
sút þá er Herjans hattar.
Hér er øxin kǫlluð í ǫðrum helmingi trǫllkona skjaldar eða valkyrja, en í ǫðrum helmingi sút hjálmsins, ok er þar svá skipt líkneskjum á hinum sama hlut, sem nykrinn skiptiz á margar leiðir.


The fault which we call nykrat ("nick-like") or finngálknat ("centaur-like") also belongs to cacemphaton, and that occurs mostly in nýgervingar ("new circumlocutions") as here: [...] Here, in the first two lines the axe is called a trollwife or Valkyrje of shields, and in the last two lines the affliction of helmets. Thus the metaphors for the same thing are changed, just as the nick changes in many ways.


editions: Skj Not in Skj;


AM 748 I b 4° (A) 5r, 6 - 5r, 11 (Gramm)  image  image  
AM 242 fol (W) 104, 7 - 104, 12 (Gramm)  transcr.  image  image  image  
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