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Note to stanza
 hrynvengis ‘of the ringing-land [GOLD]’: 399a-bˣ is certain that B’s reading (now worn) was ‘hro᷎nvengis’ ‘of the wave-land [SEA]’. It is difficult to make sense of this cpd here, and this edn follows all others in adopting Kempff’s emendation (1867, 49) to hrynvengis, giving the cpd hrynvengi ‘resounding, ringing land’, which, with a determinant denoting a serpent (here the Miðgarðsormr or World-Serpent) means ‘gold’. Such kennings refer to legendary dragons lying on gold to guard it; cf. RvHbreiðm Hl 36/4III hrynvengi sefþvengjar ‘ringing-land of the sedge-thong [SERPENT > GOLD]’.
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