Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

3. Lausavísur (Lv) - 14

Skj info: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, Norsk skjald, 10. årh. (d. omkr. 990). (AI, 64-74, BI, 57-65).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonarmál
2. Háleygjatal
3. Lausavísur

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Lausavísur — Eyv LvI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 213.

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Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 3. Lausavísur (AI, 71-4, BI, 62-5)

SkP info: I, 221

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

5 — Eyv Lv 5I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Lausavísur 5’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 221.

Veitk, at beit inn bitri
byggving meðaldyggvan
bulka skíðs ór bôðum
benvǫndr konungs hǫndum.
Ófælinn klauf Ála
éldraugr skarar hauga
gollhjǫltuðum galtar
grandaðr Dana brandi.

Veitk, at {inn bitri benvǫndr} beit {meðaldyggvan byggving {skíðs bulka}} ór bôðum hǫndum konungs. {{{Ála galtar} él}draugr}, {grandaðr Dana}, klauf ófælinn {hauga skarar} gollhjǫltuðum brandi.

I know that {the biting wound-wand} [SWORD] bit {the middling-valiant inhabiter {of the ski of cargo}} [SHIP > SEAFARER] from both the king’s hands. {The log {of the storm {of the boar of Áli <legendary king>}}} [(lit. ‘storm-log of the boar of Áli’) HELMET > BATTLE > WARRIOR = Hákon], {injurer of the Danes} [= Hákon], cleft, unflinching, {the burial-mounds of hair} [HEADS] with his gold-hilted sword.

texts: Flat 200 (18), Fsk 49, HákGóð 23 (I 82), ÓT 18, Hkr 92 (I 82)

editions: Skj Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 3. Lausavísur 5 (961 - AI, 72; BI, 63);

Skald I, 39, NN §2217; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 215-16, IV, 57, ÍF 26, 190, Hkr 1991, I, 122 (HákGóð ch. 31), F 1871, 83; Fms 1, 45, Fms 12, 29, ÓT 1958-2000, I, 44 (ch. 28), Flat 1860-8, I, 61; Fsk 1902-3, 44 (ch. 12), ÍF 29, 90-1 (ch. 13); Krause 1990, 225-30.


AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 73r, 11 - 73v, 4  image  
AM 35 folx (Kx) 103v, 26 - 104r, 6 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 18rb, 12 - 18rb, 15 (Hkr)  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 62v, 13 - 62v, 17 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 59r, 5 - 59r, 12 (Hkr)  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 6ra, 30 - 6ra, 33 (ÓT)  image  image  
AM 325 IX 1 a 4° (325IX 1 a) 2vb, 12 - 2vb, 15 (ÓT)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 8ra, 18 - 8ra, 21 (ÓT)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 8rb, 31 - 8rb, 33 (ÓT)  image  image  image  
OsloUB 371 folx (FskBx) 11r, 25 - 11v, 4 (Fsk)  image  
AM 51 folx (51x) 9v, 28 - 10r, 4 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 302 4°x (302x) 15v, 11 - 15v, 18 (Fsk)  transcr.  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 54, 3 - 54, 10 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 52 folx (52x) 21v, 1 - 21v, 8 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 19r, 22 - 19v, 3 (Fsk)  transcr.  
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