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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

3. Lausavísur (Lv) - 14

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Lausavísur — Eyv LvI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 213.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14 

Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 3. Lausavísur (AI, 71-4, BI, 62-5)

SkP info: I, 216

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — Eyv Lv 2I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Lausavísur 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 216.

Samira, Njǫrðr, enn norðar,
naddregns, hvǫtum þegni
— vér getum bili at bǫlva —
borðmœrar skæ fœra.
Nús, þats rekr á Rakna
rymleið flota breiðan
— grípum vér í greipar
gunnborð — Haraldr sunnan.

Samira hvǫtum þegni, {Njǫrðr {naddregns}}, fœra {skæ {borðmœrar}} enn norðar; vér getum at bǫlva bili. Nús, þats Haraldr rekr breiðan flota sunnan á {rymleið Rakna}; grípum vér {gunnborð} í greipar.

It does not befit a brave man, {Njǫrðr <god> {of the spear-rain}} [BATTLE > WARRIOR = Hákon], to take {the horse {of the gunwale-land}} [SEA > SHIP] still further north; we curse delay. Now it is coming about that Haraldr drives his broad fleet from the south on {the roaring path of Rakni <sea-king>} [SEA]; let us grasp {the battle-board} [SHIELD] in our hands.

texts: Flat 198 (16), Fsk 38, HákGóð 15 (I 74) (ch. 1), Ldn, ÓT 16, Hkr 84 (I 74)

editions: Skj Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 3. Lausavísur 2 (961 - AI, 71; BI, 62-3);

Skald I, 39; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 210, IV, 53-4, ÍF 26, 184, Hkr 1991, I, 118 (HákGóð ch. 28), F 1871, 80; Fms 1, 42, Fms 12, 28-9, ÓT 1958-2000, I, 41 (ch. 25), Flat 1860-8, I, 59; Fsk 1902-3, 37-8 (ch. 11), ÍF 29, 85 (ch. 12); Ldn 1921, 35, Ldn 1958, 19, ÍF 1, 66; Krause 1990, 210-16.


AM 35 folx (Kx) 101r, 25 - 101v, 3 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 17vb, 23 - 17vb, 26 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 61v, 1 - 61v, 5 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 57v, 2 - 57v, 9 (Hkr)  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 5vb, 28 - 5vb, 30 (ÓT)  image  image  
AM 325 IX 1 a 4° (325IX 1 a) 2va, 1 - 2va, 5 (ÓT)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 7va, 36 - 7vb, 4 (ÓT)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 8ra, 51 - 8ra, 54 (ÓT)  image  image  image  
OsloUB 371 folx (FskBx) 9r, 29 - 9v, 7 (Fsk)  image  
AM 51 folx (51x) 8r, 9 - 8r, 16 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 302 4°x (302x) 13r, 3 - 13r, 10 (Fsk)  transcr.  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 48, 9 - 48, 16 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 52 folx (52x) 19r, 15 - 19r, 22 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 17v, 7 - 17v, 12 (Fsk)  transcr.  
AM 106 folx (Þb106x) 9v, 18 - 9v, 20 (Ldn)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 112 folx (Þb112x) 9v, 21 - 9v, 24 (Ldn)  transcr.  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 74v, 15 - 74v, 22  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated