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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21 

Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 180

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

6 — Eyv Hák 6I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál 6’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 180.

Trǫddusk tǫrgur         fyr Týs of bauga
hjalta harðfótum         hausar Norðmanna.
Róma varð í eyju;         ruðu konungar
skírar skjaldborgir         í skatna blóði.

Tǫrgur, hausar Norðmanna trǫddusk fyr {harðfótum hjalta} {Týs of bauga}. Róma varð í eyju; konungar ruðu skírar skjaldborgir í blóði skatna.

Shields [and] Norwegians’ skulls were trampled under {the hard feet of hilts} [SWORDS] {of the Týr <god> of rings} [MAN]. Battle arose on the island; kings reddened gleaming shield-fortresses in the blood of men.

texts: Fsk 46, HákGóð 21 (I 80), Hkr 90 (I 80)

editions: Skj Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál 6 (AI, 65; BI, 58);

Skald I, 35-6, NN §§1053, 2423; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 214, 219, IV, 56, ÍF 26, 188, 193, Hkr 1991, I, 121, 126 (HákGóð chs 30, 32), F 1871, 82; Fsk 1902-3, 42 (ch. 12), ÍF 29, 89 (ch. 13); Möbius 1860, 233, Jón Helgason 1968, 26, Krause 1990, 70-5.

sources

AM 35 folx (Kx) 103r, 11 - 103r, 18 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 35 folx (Kx) 105v, 10 - 105v, 10 [1-1] (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F*) 18ra, 30 - 18ra, 33 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F*) 18va, 21 - 18va, 21 [1-1] (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 63v, 18 - 63v, 19 [1-1] (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 60r, 18 - 60r, 18 [1-1] (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
OsloUB 371 folx (FskBx) 10v, 14 - 10v, 21 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 51 folx (51x) 9r, 20 - 9r, 27 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 302 4°x (302x) 14v, 13 - 14v, 20 (Fsk)  transcr.  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 52, 5 - 52, 12 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 52 folx (52x) 20v, 18 - 20v, 25 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 18v, 17 - 18v, 20 (Fsk)  transcr.  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 97v, 2 - 97v, 9 (Hák)  transcr.  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated