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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Skj info: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, Norsk skjald, 10. årh. (d. omkr. 990). (AI, 64-74, BI, 57-65).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonarmál
2. Háleygjatal
3. Lausavísur

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘ Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171. <> (accessed 1 December 2021)

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Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 180

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

6 — Eyv Hák 6I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Trꜹdduz tꜹrgur | fyr tys ok bꜹga | hialta harðfotum | hꜹsar norðmanna | roma varð i eyio | ruðo konungar | scírar scialdborgir | i scatna bloði |   [RDF]  edit 
 Kx Trꜹdduz tǫrgur |   [RDF]  edit 
 F Trꜹddoz | torgvr fyri tys ok bꜹga | híallta harþfotvm ok hꜹsar norð manna. | roma varþ i eyio rvðo firar margir skírar skíalldborgir | i skatna bloði·   [RDF]  edit 
 F Trꜹddoz tꜹrgvr.   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x Trꜹdduz to᷎r | gvr.   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Trꜹdduz to᷎rgr |   [RDF]  edit 
 FskBx Trauðaðu torgor | við tyss of vallde | hiallta harð fotum | hausa norðmanna | roma vard i ꝍyíu | ruðu. konungar | skira skialldborger | i skatna bloðe |   [RDF]  edit 
 51x Trauðaðu torgor | við tys of vallde | hialta harðfotum | hausa norðmanna | roma varð i o᷎yíu | ruðu konongar | skira skialldborger | i skatna bloðe. |   [RDF]  edit 
 302x Trauðaðu torgor | við tyss of vallde | hialta harðfotum | hausa norðmanna | roma varð i o᷎yíu | ruðu konongar | skira skialdborger | i skatna bloðe. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 FskAx Travðoðu taurgor | við tysvin valde | hiallta harðfotom | hausa norðmanna | ʀoma varð i ꝍyiu | ruðu konungar | skirar skialldborger | i scatna bloðe |   [RDF]  edit 
 52x Trꜹðoþu tꜹrgor | v tysvin valde | hialta harðfotom | housa norðmanna | roma varþ i ꝍyio | ruðu konongar | scirar scialdborgir | i scatna bloðe |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 301x Traudoðo taurgor , við ty | svin valde hiallta harð fotom hausa norð | manna . Roma varð i ꝍyiu , ruðu konongar , skirar | skialldborghir i scatnabloðe.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 761bx Traudduz tǫ⸜au⸝rgur | fyr tyss oc bauga | hialta harðfotum | hausar norðmanna. | roma varð i eyio | ruðo konongar | scírar scialdborgir | i scatna blóðe. |   [RDF]  edit 

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