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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21 

Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 179

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

5 — Eyv Hák 5I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál 5’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 179.

Svá beit þá sverð         ór siklings hendi
váðir Váfaðar,         sem í vatn brygði.
Brǫkuðu broddar,         brotnuðu skildir,
glumruðu gylfringar         í gotna hausum.

Svá beit þá sverð ór hendi siklings {váðir Váfaðar}, sem brygði í vatn. Broddar brǫkuðu, skildir brotnuðu, gylfringar glumruðu í hausum gotna.

Then the sword in the sovereign’s hand bit {the garments of Váfuðr <= Óðinn>} [ARMOUR], as if it were cutting through water. Points clanged, shields burst, swords clattered in men’s skulls.

texts: Fsk 45, HákGóð 20 (I 79), Hkr 89 (I 79)

editions: Skj Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál 5 (AI, 65; BI, 57);

Skald I, 35; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 214, 219, IV, 56, ÍF 26, 188, 193, Hkr 1991, I, 120-1, 125 (HákGóð chs 30, 32), F 1871, 82; Fsk 1902-3, 41-2 (ch. 12), ÍF 29, 88-9 (ch. 13); Möbius 1860, 233, Jón Helgason 1968, 26, Krause 1990, 64-9.

sources

AM 35 folx (Kx) 103r, 3 - 103r, 10 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 35 folx (Kx) 105v, 9 - 105v, 9 [1-1] (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 18ra, 28 - 18ra, 30 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 18va, 21 - 18va, 21 [1-1] (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 62r, 21 - 62r, 24 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 63v, 18 - 63v, 18 [1-1] (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 58v, 15 - 58v, 22 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 60r, 17 - 60r, 17 [1-1] (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
OsloUB 371 folx (FskBx) 10v, 6 - 10v, 13 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 51 folx (51x) 9r, 12 - 9r, 19 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 302 4°x (302x) 14v, 5 - 14v, 12 (Fsk)  transcr.  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 51, 21 - 52, 4 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 52 folx (52x) 20v, 10 - 20v, 17 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 18v, 14 - 18v, 17 (Fsk)  transcr.  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 96v, 12 - 97v, 1 (Hák)  transcr.  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated