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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Skj info: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, Norsk skjald, 10. årh. (d. omkr. 990). (AI, 64-74, BI, 57-65).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonarmál
2. Háleygjatal
3. Lausavísur

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘ Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171. <> (accessed 26 June 2022)

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Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 179

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

5 — Eyv Hák 5I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

bíta (verb) [°bítr; beit, bitu; bitinn] ‘bite...’beit 5/1

braka (verb) [°-að-] ‘crash, creak...’Brǫkuðu 5/5

bregða (verb) [°bregðr/brigðr; brá, brugðu; brugðinn/brogðinn] ‘pull, jerk, break; change...’brygði 5/4

broddr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of spear or arrow...’broddar 5/5

brotna (verb) [°-að-] ‘break, burst...’brotnuðu 5/6

2glumra (verb) ‘[clattered]...’glumruðu 5/7

glymhringr (noun m.)glymhringar 5/7 var

glymja (verb) ‘resound...’glumðu 5/7 var

glymringr (noun m.)glymringar 5/7 var

gotnar (noun m.) ‘men...’gotna 5/8

gylfringr (noun m.) ‘[swords]...’gylfringa 5/7 var, gylfringar 5/7

hauss (noun m.) [°hauss, dat. hausi/haus; hausar] ‘skull...’hausum 5/8

haust (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘autumn...’haustum 5/8 var

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendi 5/2

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 5/2 var, 5/4, 5/8

jǫtunn (noun m.) [°jǫtuns, dat. jǫtni; jǫtnar] ‘giant...’jǫtna 5/8 var

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’oddar 5/5 var

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 5/4 var

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 5/2

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 5/4

siklingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’siklings 5/2

skila (verb)skilir 5/6 var

skjǫldr (noun m.) [°skjaldar/skildar, dat. skildi; skildir, acc. skjǫldu] ‘shield...’skildir 5/6

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 5/1

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 5/1

vatn (noun n.) [°-s; -*] ‘water, lake...’ — 5/4

váð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘clothes...’váðir 5/3

Váfuðr (noun m.) ‘Váfuðr...’Váfaðar 5/3

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 5/1

unlemmatised variants — brykuðu (5); siklingls (5)


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