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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Skj info: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, Norsk skjald, 10. årh. (d. omkr. 990). (AI, 64-74, BI, 57-65).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonarmál
2. Háleygjatal
3. Lausavísur

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘ Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171. <> (accessed 4 August 2021)

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Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 192

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

20 — Eyv Hák 20I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Mun obuɴdiɴ | a yta siot | fenris ulfr fara | aðr jafngoðr | a ꜹða trꜹð | konung maðr comi |   [RDF]  edit 
 F Man obvɴdíɴ a yta síot fenris vlfr of fara. aðr iafn | goðr a ꜹða trꜹð konvng maðr komí. |   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x Mun obunden a vta sio᷎t fenris vlfr fara aðr iafngo | þr a ꜹda trꜹð konungr maðr komi·   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Mun obundinn | a yta siot | fenris ulfr fara | aþr jafngoðr | a ꜹða trꜹð || konung maðr kome |   [RDF]  edit 
 FskBx man obundinn a yta siot fenris ulfr umfara | aðr jam goðr a auða traut konung maðr come |   [RDF]  edit 
 51x man obundin a yta síot . fenris ulfr umfara | aðr iamgoðr⸝,,⸜a auða traut | konong maðr come |   [RDF]  edit 
 302x man obunndin a yta síot fenris ulfr um fara | aðr iam goðr a auða traut | konong maðr come |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 FskAx Man ubonden | a yta siot | fenris ulfr fara | aðr jam goðr | a auða trauð | konung maðr kome |   [RDF]  edit 
 52x Man ubondinn | a yta siot | fenris ulfr fara | aðr jam goðr | a ꜹða trꜹð | konong maðr kome |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 301x Man ubonddenn , a yta | siot fenris ulfr fara , aðr iam goðr a ud auða tr | auð , konong maðr come ,   [VEÞ]  edit 
 761bx Mun obunndinn | a yta siot | fenris ulfr fara᷎ || aðr iafngoðr | a auða trauð | konongmaðr comi. |   [RDF]  edit 

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