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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Skj info: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, Norsk skjald, 10. årh. (d. omkr. 990). (AI, 64-74, BI, 57-65).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonarmál
2. Háleygjatal
3. Lausavísur

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘ Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171. <> (accessed 23 September 2021)

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Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 176

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — Eyv Hák 2I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Broður fundo þær biarnar | i brynio fara | konung hiɴ kostsama | comiɴ und guɴfana | drvpto dólgrár | eɴ daʀaðr hristiz | upp var þa hildr um hafit |   [RDF]  edit 
 Kx Broður fundo þær biarnar |   [RDF]  edit 
 F Broðvr fvɴdo þær bíar | nar or brynio fara konvngíɴ kost sama komiɴ v gvɴ fa | na. drvpðo dolgrar eɴ daʀaðr hristiz vpp var þa hilldr of | hafit.   [RDF]  edit 
 F Broðvr fvndo þærarnar.   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x Brǫþur funno þr biarnir i brynio fara | konung inn kost sama kominn vnd guðfana druptu dolga | rar enn darrar hristi z vp var þa hilldr of hafeð   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x Broþvr funno þær biarnar   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Broður funno þær Biarnar | i brynio fara | konung inn kostsama | kominn und guðfana | druptu dolgarar | enn daʀar hristiz | up var þa | hilldr ofhafið |   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Broðr funnu þær Biarnar |   [RDF]  edit 
 FskBx Broðr fundu þæir Biarnar | i bryniu fara komen konungen | kostsama komen undir gunfanir | druptu dolgar | en durr vordr ristizk | upp var þa hilldr um hafenn |   [RDF]  edit 
 51x Broðor fundu þæír biarnar || i bryniu fara konongen | kostsama komen undir gunfaner | druptu dolgar | en durrvorðr ristizk | upp var þa Hilldr um haven . |   [RDF]  edit 
 302x Broðor fundu þæír biarnar | i bryniu fara | konongen kostsama | komen undir gunfaner | druptu dolgar | en durrvorðr ristizk | upp var þa Hilldr um haven. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 FskAx Broðor funndu þeir Biarnar | i bryn⸍j⸌u fara | konungenn kostsama | kominn unnd gunnfana | druptu dolgar | en daur ristez || upp var þa hildr um hafed |   [RDF]  edit 
 52x Broðr fundu þeir Biarnar | i brynio fara | konunginn kostsama | kominn und gunnfana | druptu dolgar | enn dꜹr ristiz | up var þa hildr vm hafið |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 301x Broðor funndu þæir Biarnar i bryniu | fara, konongen kostsama , komenn unnd gunn fana , | druptu dolgar enn dauʀ ristiz, up var þa hildr | um hafet ,   [VEÞ]  edit 
 761bx Broðor fundo [ǫ altered to þer, with þær written above] þær Biarnar | i brynio fara | konong hinn kostsama | cominn und gunnfana. | drúpto dólgrár | enn darraþr hristiz | vp var þa hilldr vm hafit. |   [RDF]  edit 

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