Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Skj info: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, Norsk skjald, 10. årh. (d. omkr. 990). (AI, 64-74, BI, 57-65).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonarmál
2. Háleygjatal
3. Lausavísur

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171.

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Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 190

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

16 — Eyv Hák 16I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Einheria grið | þu skalt allra hafa | þiɢ þu at asom ǫl | jarla bági | þu átt iɴi her | átta brøðr qvað Bragi |   [RDF]  edit 
 F Ein heria griþ skaltv allra hafa þiɢ þv at asom ol. iarla bagi | þv átt iɴi her átta brø̨ðr kvað bragi. |   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x En hveria grið skaltu allra | hafa þigdu at asum aul iarla bági þu átt inni her at | ta breðr kuað bragi.   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Einheria grið | skaltu allra hafa | þigðu at Asum ꜹl | jarla bagi | þu att inne her | atta breðr qvað Bragi |   [RDF]  edit 
 FskAx Jarla bage | þu att inni | her atta brꝍðr | kvað Brage |   [RDF]  edit 
 52x Iarla bæge | þu att inni her | atta bræðr | qvat Brage |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 301x Jarlabage | þu att inni her atta bræðr qvað Brage ,   [VEÞ]  edit 
 761bx Einheria grið | þu skalt allra hafa | þiɢ þu at asom ǫl | jarla bági | þu átt iɴi her | átta brøðr qvað Bragi |   [RDF]  edit 

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