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Runic Dictionary

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘ Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171. <> (accessed 20 October 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21 

Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 188

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

14 — Eyv Hák 14I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Hermoðr ok bragi | qvað hropta tyr || gangit i gǫgn grami | þvi at konungr feʀ | sa er kappi þickir | til hallar hinig |   [RDF]  edit 
 F Her moðr ok bragi qvað hropta tyr gangít i gegn grami. allz | konvngr ferr sa er kappi þickir til hal⸌l⸍ar híníg. |   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x Hermoþr ok bragi kvað hroptatyʀ | gangit i gegn grami þiat konungr feʀ sa er kappi þiker til | hallar hinig.   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Hermoðr oc Bragi | qvað Hropta tyr | gangit i gegn grami | þiat konungr feʀ | sa er kappi þyckir | til hallar hinig |   [RDF]  edit 
 R hermoðr ok bragi qvað hropta tyr gan | git igꜹgn grami þviat konungr feʀ sa er kappi þickir til hallar hnigiɴ ⸌hinig⸍.   [RDF]  edit 
 Tx hermodr ok bragi quad hroptatyr gangit | i go᷎gn grami þul at konungr ferr sa er kappi þickir til hallar hinig.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 W Hermoðr ok bragi qvað hropta tyr gangit i gegn gramí. þviat konungr ferr sa er kappí | þikkir til hallar híníg.   [RDF]  edit 
 U hermoþr ok bragi qvaþ hropta tyr | gangit i gegn grami.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 B her | módr ok bragi kuad hropta tyr ganngít  gegn grame þviat konungr ferr sa er kappí þicker til | hallar hinnegh.   [RDF]  edit 
 761bx Hermoðr oc Bragi || qvað hroptatyr | gangit i gǫgn grami. | þviat konongr ferr | sa er kappi þickir | til hallar hinig |   [RDF]  edit 

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