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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Skj info: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, Norsk skjald, 10. årh. (d. omkr. 990). (AI, 64-74, BI, 57-65).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonarmál
2. Háleygjatal
3. Lausavísur

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘ Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171. <> (accessed 26 June 2022)

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Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 174

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Eyv Hák 1I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Gꜹndul ok scꜹgul || sendi gꜹta týr | at kiosa um konunga | hveʀ yngva ættar | scyldi með oðni fara | ok i valholl at vera. |   [RDF]  edit 
 F Gꜹndol ok skꜹgvl sendi gꜹta tyr at kíosa | of konvnga. hverr ynɢva øttar skylldi m oðni fara | ok i val hꜹll vera. |   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x Gꜹndvll ok scangvl senðe gauta týr | at kiosa um konvnga hverr yngva ættar skyllde m oþin fara | i valhollu at vera. |   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Gꜹndul oc Scꜹgul | sendi Gꜹta tyr | at kiosa um konvnga | hveʀ yngva ættar | skylldi með oþni fara | i valhollu ⸌at⸍ vera |   [RDF]  edit 
 FskBx Gandul oc skagul. sende gauta tyr | at kiosa um konunga. hvæir yngva ættar | skylldi með Oðne fara | i Valholl at vera |   [RDF]  edit 
 51x Gandul oc skagul sende gauta tyr, | at kiosa um kononga . hværr yngv?a?ǽttar | skylldi með oðne fara | i valholl at vera |   [RDF]  edit 
 302x Gandul oc Skagul sende gauta tyr. || at kiosa um kononga , hværr yngva ǽttar | skylldi með oðne fara | i valholl at vera. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 FskAx Gaundul oc skaugul | sennde gauta tyr | at kiosa vm konunga | hværr yngva ættar | skylldi með oðne fara | i valholl at vera |   [RDF]  edit 
 52x Gꜹndul oc scꜹgul | sendi gꜹta tyr | at kiosa um kononga | hveʀ yngva ættar | scyllde með oðne fara | i valholl at vera |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 301x Gaundul oc Scau | gul sænnde Gautatyr , at kiosa umm kononga hvæʀ | yngva ættar , skyllde með oðne fara i valholl at | vera   [VEÞ]  edit 
 R Gꜹndol ok skꜹgvl sendi gꜹta | tyr at kiosa of konvnga hver yngva ættar ski | [l]di með oþni fara ok i valhꜹllv vera.   [RDF]  edit 
 Tx Gaundol ok scogol sendi gauta tyr at kiosa of konunga | huer yngva ettar scyldi m oþni fara ok j valhaull vera.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 W Gondul ok skogvl sendí gauta tyr | at kiosa vm konvnga. huerr yngua ættar skylldi m oðní fara i valholl at vera.   [RDF]  edit 
 U Gavndvl ok skogvl sendi gavta | tyr at kiosa vm konvnga . hvaʀ yngva ættar sk[...]di m oþni fara ok i | valhollv vera.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 B Go᷎ndul ok sko᷎gul senndir gauta tyr at kíosa of konunga huerr | ynngua e"ttar skyllde m oðne fara ok  valho᷎ll vera.   [RDF]  edit 
 761bx Gaundul oc scaugul | sendi gauta týr | at kiosa um kononga. | hverr yngva ættar scyldi | með oðne fara | oc i valholl at vera᷎ |   [RDF]  edit 

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