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Runic Dictionary

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

2. Háleygjatal (Hál) - 16

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Háleygjatal (‘Enumeration of the Háleygir (people of Hálogaland)’) — Eyv HálI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Háleygjatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 195.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13 

for reference only:  1x   3x   11x 

Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 2. Háleygjatal, c. 985 (AI, 68-71, BI, 60-2); stanzas (if different): 2 | 3-4 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13-14 | 14 | 15 | 16

SkP info: I, 208

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

10 — Eyv Hál 10I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ok ǫðlingr
"í ǫlun jarðar
alnar orms"
ófælinn varð
lífs of lattr,
þars landrekar
Týs ôttung
í tryggð sviku.  (kviðuháttr)

texts: Flat 203 (21), Fsk 66, HGráf 10 (I 94), ÓT, Hkr 121 (I 94)

editions: Skj Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 2. Háleygjatal 12 (AI, 70; BI, 61-2);

Skald I, 38, NN §§1056, 2987A; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 236, IV, 66, ÍF 26, 208, Hkr 1991, I, 138 (HGráf ch. 6), F 1871, 89; ÓT 1958-2000, I, 54 n. (ch. 34), Flat 1860-8, I, 64; Fsk 1902-3, 56 (ch. 13), ÍF 29, 101 (ch. 14); Krause 1990, 187-91.

sources

AM 35 folx (Kx) 112r, 24 - 112v, 3 (Hkr)  image  image  
AM 39 fol (39) 3vb, 9 - 3vb, 9 (Hkr)  image  -
AM 45 fol (F) 19va, 37 - 19vb, 1 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 67v, 6 - 67v, 7 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 64v - 64v (Hkr)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 9va, 4 - 9va, 4 (ÓT)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 8vb, 13 - 8vb, 14 (ÓT)  image  image  image  
OsloUB 371 folx (FskBx) 14v, 28 - 15r, 2 (Fsk)  image  
AM 51 folx (51x) 13r, 11 - 13r, 14 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 302 4°x (302x) 20v, 5 - 20v, 8 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 64, 11 - 64, 18 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 22v, 14 - 22v, 17 (Fsk)  transcr.  image  
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