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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

2. Háleygjatal (Hál) - 16

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Háleygjatal (‘Enumeration of the Háleygir (people of Hálogaland)’) — Eyv HálI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Háleygjatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 195.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13 

for reference only:  1x   3x   11x 

Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 2. Háleygjatal, c. 985 (AI, 68-71, BI, 60-2); stanzas (if different): 2 | 3-4 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13-14 | 14 | 15 | 16

SkP info: I, 206

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

8 — Eyv Hál 8I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Háleygjatal 8’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 206.

Ok þar varð,
es vinir fellu
magar Hallgarðs,
manna blóði
við stóran gný
vinar Lóðurs
vágr of blandinn.

Ok þar, es vinir {magar Hallgarðs} fellu, varð vágr Stafaness of blandinn blóði manna við {stóran gný {vinar Lóðurs}}.

And there where the friends {of the son of Hallgarðr [Grjótgarðr]} [= Hákon] fell, the bay of Stavenes was mingled with the blood of men in {the great din of {the friend of Lóðurr <god>}} [= Óðinn > BATTLE].

Mss: (57v), F(10ra), J1ˣ(31v), J2ˣ(33r) (Hkr); FskBˣ(5r), FskAˣ(14) (Fsk)

Readings: [1] þar: so F, FskBˣ, FskAˣ, þat Kˣ, J2ˣ, ‘þati’ J1ˣ    [3] magar: margir FskAˣ;    Hallgarðs: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, ‘hallgar’ with ‘hallgarðz’ in margin Kˣ, Haralds FskBˣ, ‘alz’ FskAˣ    [5] ‑ness: so FskAˣ, ‑nes Kˣ, F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, FskBˣ    [8] blandinn: blásinn corrected from blásnu F

Editions: Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, 2. Háleygjatal 10: AI, 69, BI, 61, Skald I, 38; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 115, IV, 32, ÍF 26, 108 (ch. 12), Hkr 1991, I, 66 (HHárf ch. 13), F 1871, 45; Fsk 1902-3, 14-15 (ch. 2), ÍF 29, 66 (ch. 3); Krause 1990, 175-8.

Context: See st. 7.

Notes: [3] Hallgarðs ‘of Hallgarðr [Grjótgarðr]’: By ofljóst for Grjótgarðr, since grjót and hallr are both terms for ‘stone’. Heiti for ‘stone’ are among the favourite subjects for ofljóst.  — [5, 8] vágr Stafaness ‘the bay of Stavenes’: The p. n. is in the gen. case, though only FskAˣ (with its sister transcripts 52ˣ and 301ˣ) reads ‘-ness’. Stafanes corresponds phonologically to, and is probably to be identified with, Stavenes i Askvoll, a prominent headland north of Fjaler, Sogn og Fjordane, and site of numerous prehistoric burial mounds. — [7] Lóðurs ‘of Lóðurr <god>’: An obscure deity. Along with Óðinn and Hœnir, he presents attributes of life to mankind, his gift being litr ‘colour, complexion’ (Vsp 18/8, NK 5).

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated