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Runic Dictionary

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Lilja (Lil) - 100

Lilja (‘Lily’) — Anon LilVII

Martin Chase 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Lilja’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 544-677.

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Skj: Eysteinn Ásgrímsson: Lilja (AII, 363-95, BII, 390-416)

SkP info: VII, 612-13

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42 — Anon Lil 42VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 42’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 612-13.

‘Þystir hann og er fölr af föstum,
firriz hlátr, en kann gráta;
mæðiz hann og er móður sinnar
mjólku fæddr, en reifum klæddiz.
Finn eg þó, í slíku sannar
sjálf náttúran, manndóm váttar;
fýsir mig því framm æsa
flein ódygðar honum meini.

 

He thirsts and is pale from fasts, avoids laughter, but knows how to weep; he grows weary and is fed with the milk of his mother and was clothed in swaddling clothes. And yet I find that nature itself gives proof in such a thing, attests to his humanity; therefore I long to shoot forward the dart of faithlessness to his harm.

notes: [1]: A reference to Jesus’ fasting in the desert before being tempted by the devil. — [1-4]: Lucifer’s soliloquy here is an anachronistic summary of incidents that attest to the humanity of Jesus. He watches Jesus grow weak from fasting in the desert after his Baptism (cf. Matt. IV.2, Mark I.12-13, Luke IV.1-2) and recalls that he was dependent on his mother as a helpless infant. This is part of the topos of the deception of Lucifer (Wee 1974, 5-9); he cannot be sure whether Jesus is human or divine, and he tempts him to learn the truth (see st. 45). Cf. Note to st. 39 and Mar 1871, 187: ef hann vęri gvþ allra verallda, mvndi hann eigi þvilikar vanvirþingar þola vilia. Eigi mvndi hann i vꜹggv halldinn eða reifvm bundinn, eigi mvndi hann grata hungra eða kvensliga miolk drecka, þviat eigi mvn þat synaz talat skynsamliga, at hvngr se a gvðe lifanda ‘if he were God of all worlds, he would not want to suffer such humiliations. He would not be contained in a cradle or bound with swaddling clothes, he would not cry with hunger or drink woman’s milk, because that would not appear spoken fittingly, that the living God should experience hunger’.

editions: Skj Eysteinn Ásgrímsson: Lilja 42 (AII, 377; BII, 401); Skald II, 219.

sources

Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 114vb, 19 - 114vb, 23  transcr.  image  image  
AM 99 a 8° (99a) 9r, 4 - 9r, 11  transcr.  image  image  
AM 622 4° (622) 30, 18 - 30, 22  transcr.  image  
AM 713 4° (713) 9, 23 - 9, 26  transcr.  image  image  image  
Vísnabók (Vb) 250 - 250  
DKNVSB 41 8°x (41 8°x) 118, 20 - 119, 5  transcr.  image  
AM 705 4°x (705x) 11v - 11v  transcr.  
BLAdd 4892 (4892) 31v - 31v  transcr.  image  
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