This interface will soon cease to be publicly available. Use the new interface instead. Click here to switch over now.

Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

login: password: stay logged in: help

Eilífr Goðrúnarson (Eil)

10th century; volume 3; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Þórsdrápa (Þdr) - 23

Skj info: Eilífr Goðrúnarson, Islandsk skjald, omkr. 1000. (AI, 148-52, BI, 139-44).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om Hakon jarl
2. Þórsdrápa
3. Af et kristeligt digt

Hardly anything is known about the life of Eilífr Goðrúnarson (Eil). According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 266, 280), he was active as a skald at the court of Hákon jarl Sigurðarson in Norway around the end of the tenth century. Some scholars have argued that a word-play in a stanza preserved in Skm (SnE) conceals the name of Hákon jarl, thus confirming the information of Skáldatal, but the present edition, following Lie (1976, 399) is sceptical of that hypothesis (see Þdr 23, Note to [All]). Eilífr’s only surviving works are the long poem Þórsdrápa (Eil Þdr, 23 stanzas) and one fragment of a Christian poem (Eil Frag).

Þórsdrápa — Eil ÞdrIII

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2017, ‘ Eilífr Goðrúnarson, Þórsdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 68. <> (accessed 29 June 2022)

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23 

Skj: Eilífr Goðrúnarson: 2. Þórsdrápa (AI, 148-52, BI, 139-44); stanzas (if different): 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21

SkP info: III, 95

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

9 — Eil Þdr 9III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Edith Marold (ed.) 2017, ‘Eilífr Goðrúnarson, Þórsdrápa 9’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 95.

Óðu fast, en Fríðar
flaut, eiðsvara Gauta
setrs víkingar snotrir
sverðrunnit fen, gunnar.
Þurði hrǫnn at herði
hauðrs run*kykva nauðar
jarðar skafls af afli
áss hretviðri blásin,


{The oath-bound vikings {of the seat of Gauti}}, [= Ásgarðr > = Þórr and Þjálfi] wise in war, waded firmly, and {the sword-filled fen of Fríðr} [RIVER] flowed. {The tempest-blown wave of the ridge} [RIVER] rushed mightily at {{the strengthener of the distress} [TORMENTOR] {of the quickeners {of the stream {of the land {of the snow-drift of the earth}}}}}, [(lit. ‘stream-quickeners of the land of the snow-drift of the earth’) RIDGE > MOUNTAIN > RIVER > GIANTESSES > = Þórr]

context: See Context to st. 1.

notes: [5-8]: The subject of the sentence, hrǫnn ‘wave’, and the giantess-kenning runkykva ‘of the quickeners of the stream’ each need to be qualified by a term for ‘mountain’. Available are áss ‘of the ridge’ (l. 8) and hauðrs skafls jarðar ‘of the land of the snow-drift of the earth’ (ll. 6, 7); either combination is possible. The present edn combines hrǫnn with áss into a kenning for ‘river’ and takes runkykva with hauðrs skafls jarðar to form the giantess-kenning (see Note to l. 6). This arrangement is motivated by the somewhat simpler word order it produces. Finnur Jónsson (1900b, 386; Skj B), on the other hand, construes hrǫnn skafls jarðar ‘the wave of the snow-drift of the earth [RIDGE > RIVER]’ and áss hauðrs rúmbyggva ‘place-dweller of the land of the ridge [MOUNTAIN > CAVE > GIANTS]’, the latter by emendation.

texts: Skm 81, SnE 83

editions: Skj Eilífr Goðrúnarson: 2. Þórsdrápa 8 (AI, 149; BI, 141); Skald I, 77, NN §§451, 452, 1196, 2250; SnE 1848-87, I, 294-7, III, 30, SnE 1931, 108, SnE 1998, I, 27.


GKS 2367 4° (R) 24v, 35 - 24v, 37 (SnE)  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 25v, 13 - 25v, 15 (SnE)  image  
AM 242 fol (W) 53, 12 - 53, 14 (SnE)  image  image  image  
© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.