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Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

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Eilífr Goðrúnarson (Eil)

10th century; volume 3; ed. Edith Marold;

1. Þórsdrápa (Þdr) - 23

Hardly anything is known about the life of Eilífr Goðrúnarson (Eil). According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 266, 280), he was active as a skald at the court of Hákon jarl Sigurðarson in Norway around the end of the tenth century. Some scholars have argued that a word-play in a stanza preserved in Skm (SnE) conceals the name of Hákon jarl, thus confirming the information of Skáldatal, but the present edition, following Lie (1976, 399) is sceptical of that hypothesis (see Þdr 23, Note to [All]). Eilífr’s only surviving works are the long poem Þórsdrápa (Eil Þdr, 23 stanzas) and one fragment of a Christian poem (Eil Frag).

Þórsdrápa — Eil ÞdrIII

Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2017, ‘ Eilífr Goðrúnarson, Þórsdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 68. <> (accessed 24 May 2022)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23 

Skj: Eilífr Goðrúnarson: 2. Þórsdrápa (AI, 148-52, BI, 139-44); stanzas (if different): 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21

SkP info: III, 124

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

23 — Eil Þdr 23III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Edith Marold (ed.) 2017, ‘Eilífr Goðrúnarson, Þórsdrápa 23’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 124.

Verðið ér, alls orða
oss grœr of kon mœrar
á sefreinu Sónar
sáð, vingjǫfum ráða.


You must decide the gifts of friendship, as {the seed of the words of Són} [POETRY] about {the descendant of the land (= Jǫrð)} [= Þórr] grows for us [me] in {the mind-land}. [BREAST]

context: The stanza is cited in Skm (SnE) among stanzas exemplifying kennings for ‘poetry’.

notes: Earlier eds (Skj B; Skald; SnE 1998) assign this stanza to an otherwise lost poem about Hákon jarl, because they interpret the phrase kon mæran ‘famous descendant’ (so U) as an onomastic pun on Hákon’s name (see Note to l. 2 below). This edn follows the main ms. and takes kon mœrar ‘descendant of the land (= Jǫrð)’ as a Þórr-kenning, which is also the reason why this helmingr is edited as part of Þdr here. The subject matter – the poet asking for gifts – locates the stanza somewhere in the so-called slœmr, the concluding section of the drápa where the poet may mention the reward he expects for the poem.

texts: Skm 36, SnE 38

editions: Skj Eilífr Goðrúnarson: 1. Et digt om Hakon jarl (AI, 148; BI, 139); Skald I, 76, NN §441; SnE 1848-87, I, 250-1, II, 307, 522, III, 13, SnE 1931, 93, SnE 1998, I, 13.


GKS 2367 4° (R) 21v, 12 - 21v, 13 (SnE)  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 22r, 6 - 22r, 7 (SnE)  image  
AM 242 fol (W) 46, 23 - 46, 24 (SnE)  image  image  image  
DG 11 (U) 27r, 15 - 27r, 16 (SnE)  image  
AM 757 a 4° (B) 4r, 45 - 4r, 45 (SnE)  image  image  image  image  
AM 761 a 4°x (761ax) 82r, 7 - 82r, 10 (Skáldatal)  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated