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Einarr Skúlason (ESk)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

III. 3. Lausavísur (Lv) - 9

We know very little about the life of Einarr Skúlason (ESk). He is called prestr ‘priest’ and is mentioned in a catalogue (c. 1220) of priests of noble birth who were alive in western Iceland in 1143 (Stu 1878, II, 502). It is likely that he came from Borg, belonged to the Mýrar family and was a direct descendant of Þorsteinn Egilsson and a brother of Snorri Sturluson’s maternal grandfather (LH 1894-1901, II, 62-3; ÍF 3, 51 n. 3). He was probably born c. 1090. In 1153, he recited the poem Geisli ‘Light-beam’ (ESk GeislVII) in Kristkirken in Trondheim. He was marshal (stallari) at King Eysteinn Magnússon’s court, and he composed poetry in praise of the Norw. kings Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ and Eysteinn Magnússon, Haraldr gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson, Haraldr gilli’s sons, Ingi, Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’, and Eysteinn, and about the Norw. chieftain Grégóríus Dagsson (see SnE 1848-87, III, 254-5, 263-4, 269, 276-7, 286). According to Skáldatal, he also honoured the Norw. magnate Eindriði ungi ‘the Young’ Jónsson as well as Sørkvir Kolsson and Jón jarl Sørkvisson of Sweden and King Sveinn Eiríksson of Denmark (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 268-9, 272, 283, 286). About the latter he recited a poem for which he received no reward (see ESk Lv 3; ÍF 35, 275). The extant portion of his poetic oeuvre consists of the following poems (excluding lvv.): Sigurðardrápa I (Sigdr I, five extant sts about Sigurðr jórsalafari); Haraldsdrápa I (Hardr I, two extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldsdrápa II (Hardr II, five extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldssonakvæði (Harsonkv, two extant sts about the sons of Haraldr gilli); Sigurðardrápa II (Sigdr II, one extant st. about Sigurðr munnr Haraldsson); Runhenda (Run, ten extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Eysteinsdrápa (Eystdr, two extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Ingadrápa (Ingdr, four extant sts about Ingi Haraldsson); Elfarvísur (Elfv, two extant sts about Grégóríus Dagsson); Geisli (GeislVII, seventy-one sts about S. Óláfr); Øxarflokkr (ØxflIII, ten extant sts about the gift of an axe).

It must be emphasised that, although the poetry included in the royal panegyrics below clearly belongs to poems of that genre, with two exceptions (Hardr II and Elfv), all the names of the poems are modern constructs (notably by Jón Sigurðsson and Finnur Jónsson). That also holds true for the assignment of sts to the individual poems. In some cases, sts were assigned to a particular poem for metrical reasons (so Run), in other cases because of the content or the named recipients of the praise. For the sake of convenience, the names of the poems and the sts assigned to them as found in Skj have been retained in the present edn. In addition to the royal encomia, a number of fragments and lvv. attributed to Einarr are preserved in SnE, TGT and LaufE (see ESk Frag 1-18III; ESk Lv 7-15III). These have been edited separately in SkP III. Six lvv. are transmitted in the kings’ sagas and edited below.

Lausavísur — ESk LvIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Lausavísur’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 169.

stanzas:  7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15 

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur (AI, 482-5, BI, 454-7)

SkP info: III, 179

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

15 — ESk Lv 15III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Lausavísur 15’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 179.

Barð rístr Gælu girði;
grefr saumr fjǫtur Tauma;
geist ferr umbgerð Óstrar;
opts men klofit Senju.
Brand þvær Bolgu lindi;
bifask stinnr sili Kinnar;
hringr þýtr Hveðru lǫngum;
hart veltr Glanar belti.

Barð rístr {girði Gælu}; saumr grefr {fjǫtur Tauma}; {umbgerð Óstrar} ferr geist; opts {men Senju} klofit. {Lindi Bolgu} þvær brand; {stinnr sili Kinnar} bifask; {hringr Hveðru} þýtr lǫngum; {belti Glanar} veltr hart.

The prow carves {the girdle of Gæla <island>} [SEA]; nails incise {the fetter of Taumar <island>} [SEA]; {the sheath of Osterøy <island>} [SEA] moves violently; often is {the necklace of Senja <island>} [SEA] cloven. {The band of Bolga <island>} [SEA] washes the bow; {the stiff harness-strap of Kinn <island>} [SEA] quivers; {the ring of Hveðra <island>} [SEA] roars for a long time; {the belt of Glǫn <island>} [SEA] rolls hard.

texts: LaufE 50 (268), LaufE 50 (268), LaufE 29 (343), LaufE 29 (343)

editions: Skj Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur 14 (AI, 485; BI, 457); Skald I, 225, NN §355; LaufE 1979, 268, 343; Resen 1977, Ee3.

sources

AM 743 4°x (743x) 70v, 5 - 70v, 12 (LaufE)  image  image  image  
GKS 2368 4°x (2368x) 89 - 89 (LaufE)  image  
Holm papp 10 4°x (papp10x) 40v - 40v (LaufE)  image  
Resen 1665 (RE 1665) Ee3 - Ee3  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated