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Einarr Skúlason (ESk)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

7. Runhenda (Run) - 10

We know very little about the life of Einarr Skúlason (ESk). He is called prestr ‘priest’ and is mentioned in a catalogue (c. 1220) of priests of noble birth who were alive in western Iceland in 1143 (Stu 1878, II, 502). It is likely that he came from Borg, belonged to the Mýrar family and was a direct descendant of Þorsteinn Egilsson and a brother of Snorri Sturluson’s maternal grandfather (LH 1894-1901, II, 62-3; ÍF 3, 51 n. 3). He was probably born c. 1090. In 1153, he recited the poem Geisli ‘Light-beam’ (ESk GeislVII) in Kristkirken in Trondheim. He was marshal (stallari) at King Eysteinn Magnússon’s court, and he composed poetry in praise of the Norw. kings Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ and Eysteinn Magnússon, Haraldr gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson, Haraldr gilli’s sons, Ingi, Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’, and Eysteinn, and about the Norw. chieftain Grégóríus Dagsson (see SnE 1848-87, III, 254-5, 263-4, 269, 276-7, 286). According to Skáldatal, he also honoured the Norw. magnate Eindriði ungi ‘the Young’ Jónsson as well as Sørkvir Kolsson and Jón jarl Sørkvisson of Sweden and King Sveinn Eiríksson of Denmark (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 268-9, 272, 283, 286). About the latter he recited a poem for which he received no reward (see ESk Lv 3; ÍF 35, 275). The extant portion of his poetic oeuvre consists of the following poems (excluding lvv.): Sigurðardrápa I (Sigdr I, five extant sts about Sigurðr jórsalafari); Haraldsdrápa I (Hardr I, two extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldsdrápa II (Hardr II, five extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldssonakvæði (Harsonkv, two extant sts about the sons of Haraldr gilli); Sigurðardrápa II (Sigdr II, one extant st. about Sigurðr munnr Haraldsson); Runhenda (Run, ten extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Eysteinsdrápa (Eystdr, two extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Ingadrápa (Ingdr, four extant sts about Ingi Haraldsson); Elfarvísur (Elfv, two extant sts about Grégóríus Dagsson); Geisli (GeislVII, seventy-one sts about S. Óláfr); Øxarflokkr (ØxflIII, ten extant sts about the gift of an axe).

It must be emphasised that, although the poetry included in the royal panegyrics below clearly belongs to poems of that genre, with two exceptions (Hardr II and Elfv), all the names of the poems are modern constructs (notably by Jón Sigurðsson and Finnur Jónsson). That also holds true for the assignment of sts to the individual poems. In some cases, sts were assigned to a particular poem for metrical reasons (so Run), in other cases because of the content or the named recipients of the praise. For the sake of convenience, the names of the poems and the sts assigned to them as found in Skj have been retained in the present edn. In addition to the royal encomia, a number of fragments and lvv. attributed to Einarr are preserved in SnE, TGT and LaufE (see ESk Frag 1-18III; ESk Lv 7-15III). These have been edited separately in SkP III. Six lvv. are transmitted in the kings’ sagas and edited below.

Runhenda (‘’) — ESk RunII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 551-9.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10 

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda, o. 1155 (AI, 473-5, BI, 445-7)

SkP info: II, 556

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

7 — ESk Run 7II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 556.

Jók hilmir hjaldr
— þar vas hjǫrva galdr —
— hjósk hildar ský —
við Hvítabý.
Ríkt lék við rǫnn
— rauzk ylgjar tǫnn —
— fekksk fyrðum harmr —
fyriskógar Garmr.

Hilmir jók hjaldr við Hvítabý; þar vas {galdr hjǫrva}; {ský hildar} hjósk. {Garmr fyriskógar} lék ríkt við rǫnn; tǫnn ylgjar rauzk; harmr fekksk fyrðum.

The prince intensified the fighting at Whitby; there was {a chant of swords} [BATTLE] there; {the cloud of battle} [SHIELD] was cloven. {The Garmr <mythical dog> of the fir-forest} [FIRE] played powerfully against houses; the tooth of the she-wolf was reddened; grief was inflicted on people.

texts: H-Hr 346, HSona 14 (III 224), Mork 260, SnE, Hkr 606 (III 224)

editions: Skj Einarr Skúlason: 7. Runhenda 7 (AI, 474; BI, 446); Skald I, 220; Mork 1867, 226, Mork 1928-32, 444, Andersson and Gade 2000, 392, 495 (Hsona); ÍF 28, 328-9 (Hsona ch. 20), F 1871, 339, E 1916, 199; Fms 7, 236 (Hsona ch. 20); SnE 1848-87, I, 524-5, II, 608, SnE 1931, 184, SnE 1998, I, 104.

sources

GKS 1009 fol (Mork) 35v, 50 - 35v, 50 (Mork)  image  image  image  
AM 63 folx (Kx) 659r, 26 - 659v, 4 (Hkr)  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 73vb, 7 - 73vb, 9 (Hkr)  image  image  image  image  
AM 47 fol (E) 57r, 11 - 57r, 12 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 356r, 31 - 356v, 6 (Hkr)  image  
AM 42 folx (42x) 47r, 18 - 47r, 18 (Hkr)  image  
GKS 1010 fol (Hr) 81rb, 19 - 81rb, 19 (H-Hr)  image  
GKS 2367 4° (R) 40r, 12 - 40r, 12 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 41v - 41v (SnE)  image  
AM 748 II 4° (C) 9r, 31 - 9r, 31 (SnE)  image  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated