Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Einarr Skúlason (ESk)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

VII. Geisli (Geisl) - 71

Skj info: Einarr Skúlason, Islandsk skjald, 12. årh. (AI, 455-85, BI, 423-57).

Skj poems:
1. Sigurðardrápa
2. Haraldsdrápa I
3. Haraldsdrápa II
4. Haraldssonakvæði(?)
5. Sigurðardrápa
6. Geisli
7. Runhenda
8. Eysteinsdrápa
9. Ingadrápa
10. Elfarvísur
11. Lausavísur
11. Lausavísur
11. Øxarflokkr(?)
12. Ubestemmelige vers, tilhørende forskellige fyrstedigte eller lausavísur

We know very little about the life of Einarr Skúlason (ESk). He is called prestr ‘priest’ and is mentioned in a catalogue (c. 1220) of priests of noble birth who were alive in western Iceland in 1143 (Stu 1878, II, 502). It is likely that he came from Borg, belonged to the Mýrar family and was a direct descendant of Þorsteinn Egilsson and a brother of Snorri Sturluson’s maternal grandfather (LH 1894-1901, II, 62-3; ÍF 3, 51 n. 3). He was probably born c. 1090. In 1153, he recited the poem Geisli ‘Light-beam’ (ESk GeislVII) in Kristkirken in Trondheim. He was marshal (stallari) at King Eysteinn Magnússon’s court, and he composed poetry in praise of the Norw. kings Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ and Eysteinn Magnússon, Haraldr gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson, Haraldr gilli’s sons, Ingi, Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’, and Eysteinn, and about the Norw. chieftain Grégóríus Dagsson (see SnE 1848-87, III, 254-5, 263-4, 269, 276-7, 286). According to Skáldatal, he also honoured the Norw. magnate Eindriði ungi ‘the Young’ Jónsson as well as Sørkvir Kolsson and Jón jarl Sørkvisson of Sweden and King Sveinn Eiríksson of Denmark (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 268-9, 272, 283, 286). About the latter he recited a poem for which he received no reward (see ESk Lv 3; ÍF 35, 275). The extant portion of his poetic oeuvre consists of the following poems (excluding lvv.): Sigurðardrápa I (Sigdr I, five extant sts about Sigurðr jórsalafari); Haraldsdrápa I (Hardr I, two extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldsdrápa II (Hardr II, five extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldssonakvæði (Harsonkv, two extant sts about the sons of Haraldr gilli); Sigurðardrápa II (Sigdr II, one extant st. about Sigurðr munnr Haraldsson); Runhenda (Run, ten extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Eysteinsdrápa (Eystdr, two extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Ingadrápa (Ingdr, four extant sts about Ingi Haraldsson); Elfarvísur (Elfv, two extant sts about Grégóríus Dagsson); Geisli (GeislVII, seventy-one sts about S. Óláfr); Øxarflokkr (ØxflIII, ten extant sts about the gift of an axe).

It must be emphasised that, although the poetry included in the royal panegyrics below clearly belongs to poems of that genre, with two exceptions (Hardr II and Elfv), all the names of the poems are modern constructs (notably by Jón Sigurðsson and Finnur Jónsson). That also holds true for the assignment of sts to the individual poems. In some cases, sts were assigned to a particular poem for metrical reasons (so Run), in other cases because of the content or the named recipients of the praise. For the sake of convenience, the names of the poems and the sts assigned to them as found in Skj have been retained in the present edn. In addition to the royal encomia, a number of fragments and lvv. attributed to Einarr are preserved in SnE, TGT and LaufE (see ESk Frag 1-18III; ESk Lv 7-15III). These have been edited separately in SkP III. Six lvv. are transmitted in the kings’ sagas and edited below.

Geisli (‘Light beam’) — ESk GeislVII

Martin Chase 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Geisli’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 5-65.

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Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 6. Geisli, 1153 (AI, 459-73, BI, 427-45)

SkP info: VII, 37-8

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

37 — ESk Geisl 37VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auðar 37/3

aumr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘wretched, poor...’aumum 37/3

beiðir (noun m.) ‘demander...’beiði 37/3

brjóst (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘breast, chest...’ — 37/7 var

brjótr (noun m.) ‘breaker...’brjót 37/7 var, 37/7 var

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 37/5

3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’fôm 37/8

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 37/2 var

gǫfugr (adj.) [°gǫfgan/gǫfugan; compar. gǫfgari/gǫfugri, superl. gǫfgastr/gǫfugstr/gǫfugastr] ‘noble, glorious...’Gǫfug 37/1

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’heitir 37/7

2hlíð (noun f.) ‘[Lia]...’ — 37/8

1hodd (noun f.) ‘gold, treasure...’hodda 37/7

hofi (noun m.) — 37/1 var

hvítingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘drinking horn...’hvítings 37/2

hǫfuð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘head...’hǫfði 37/1

1Hǫrn (noun f.) ‘[Hörn, Hǫrn]...’ — 37/1

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 37/1 var

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítla 37/2

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’manns 37/4

1mál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘speech, matter...’máli 37/6

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’numinn 37/6

njótr (noun m.) ‘user, enjoyer...’njót 37/7

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 37/7 var

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 37/1

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’réð 37/1

2sannr (adj.) [°-an; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘true...’sann 37/5 var

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 37/5 var, Þann 37/5

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 37/8

síðarr (adv.) ‘later...’síðar 37/8 var

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’sôm 37/5

skera (verb) ‘cut...’skar 37/1 var, 37/4

skerða (verb) ‘diminish...’ — 37/4 var

sǫk (noun f.) [°sakar; sakar/sakir] ‘cause, offence...’ — 37/2

tunga (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘tongue, language...’tungu 37/4

1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’ — 37/2

ungr (adj.) ‘young...’ungs 37/4

válauss (adj.) ‘[without doubt]...’válaust 37/6

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’var 37/4 var, vôrum 37/5

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’ — 37/5

vika (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘week...’vikum 37/8

þar (adv.) ‘there...’þars 37/7

unlemmatised variants — heyrn (37)

 

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