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Note to stanza
[3, 4] konungr Róms ‘king of Rome [CHRIST]’: Meissner (Meissner 369) places this among the oldest kennings for the Christian god, a group for which geographical determinants are characteristic (see Meissner 378), as in gætir Gríklands ‘the guardian of Greece [= God]’ in Þloft Hfl 1/1-2I or gramr Jórðánar ‘the prince of the Jordan [CHRIST]’ in Sigv ErfÓl 28/2I. It was possible to refer to Christ as the ruler of Rome because the pope, the Christian god’s earthly representative, resided there.
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