Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

7. Anonymous Poems, Heilags anda drápa, 11 [Vol. 7, 460-1]

[All]: Einar Ólafur Sveinsson (1942) pointed out that sts 11-16 are a direct and close translation of the C9th Lat. Pentecost hymn Veni Creator Spiritus (AH 50, 193, no. 144), which is sometimes attributed to Hrabanus Maurus. The Lat. text is often useful in interpreting B. The first helmingr of st. 11 corresponds to the first two ll. of the hymn: Veni, creator spiritus, / mentes tuorum visita ‘Come, creator spirit, visit the minds of your [people]’. Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) interprets what are presented here as two independent periphrases for the Holy Spirit as a single one, hreinskapaðr, hlutvandr andi himna fǫður ‘purely-created, honest spirit of the father of the heavens’, but this seems far from the Lat. original, as Einar Ólafur pointed out (1942, 143).

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