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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eil Þdr 3III l. 7

ópnis — crier


ópnir (noun m.): [crier, eagle]


[7] ópnis: opins Tˣ, ‘apnís’ W


[6-7] manntælendr halla gallópnis ‘the destroyers of the man of the halls of the shrill-crier <eagle> [(lit. ‘man-destroyers of the halls of the shrill-crier’) MOUNTAINS > GIANT > = Þórr and his companion]’: Tmesis on gallópnir is unavoidable here, and it has been adopted by all previous eds. Gallópnir is a heiti for ‘eagle’ (see Þul Ara 1/1). The halls of the eagle, i.e. the location where it can be found, are the mountains, and the men of the mountains are giants. Þórr and his follower (Þjálfi) are then called ‘fighters of giants’. All mss clearly give mann- ‘man-’ here, which makes it impossible to incorporate Endils from the last line into this kenning, as Finnur Jónsson (1900b, 378, followed by Skj and SnE 1998) does. He makes Endils the base-word of a giant-kenning, Endils halla gallópnis ‘of the Endill of the halls of the shrill-crier’, which in turn functions as the determinant in a giant-kenning with an emended mantælendr lit. ‘girl-destroyer’ as the base-word (rejected by Kock in NN §1080).



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