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Runic Dictionary

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Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson (Bjbp)

13th century; volume 1; ed. Jonna Louis-Jensen;

Jómsvíkingadrápa (Jóms) - 45

Bjarni Kolbeinsson (Bjbp) was born into a powerful family in the Orkney Islands, possibly c. 1150-60 (af Petersens, Jvs 1879, 122). His father was the Norwegian-Orcadian chieftain Kolbeinn hrúga ‘Heap’ and his mother was Herborg, a great-granddaughter of Páll jarl Þorfinnsson on the maternal side (see Ættaskrár [Genealogies] II in ÍF 35). Bjarni was also very well connected: he was a close friend of Haraldr jarl Maddaðarson (ÍF 35, 289), sent precious gifts to Hrafn Sveinbjarnarson in Iceland on three occasions (Guðrún P. Helgadóttir 1987, 2-3), and had connections with the Oddaverjar (see further Einar Ól. Sveinsson 1937, 17-18, 34-9).

Bjarni was Bishop of Orkney from 1188 (ÍF 35, 289) until his death on 15 September 1223. Among his achievements as bishop were the exhumation and canonisation of Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali Kolsson (ÍF 35, 282; SkP II, 575) and the extension of St Magnús’s Cathedral in Kirkwall. Bjarni was also a diplomat and is known to have travelled to Norway for political reasons in 1194-5, 1208-9, 1210, 1218 and 1223 (see Bugge 1875, 244; Holtsmark 1937a, 2-3); he probably died in Norway (Jón Stefánsson 1907-8, 46).

Bjarni is introduced as Bjarni skáld ‘Poet’ in Orkn (ÍF 35, 193), but Jómsvíkingadrápa (Jóms) is the only literary work attributed to him in medieval sources. Suggestions that he compiled Orkn (Jón Stefánsson 1907-8) and the þulur in SnE (Bugge 1875) have not been generally accepted; see Introduction to Jóms below on the attribution of Anon Mhkv to Bjarni.

notes
my abbr.

Jómsvíkingadrápa (‘Drápa about the Jómsvíkingar’) — Bjbp JómsI

Emily Lethbridge 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 954.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45 

Skj: Bjarni Kolbeinsson: Jómsvíkingadrápa (AII, 1-10, BII, 1-10); stanzas (if different): 2 | 3 | 4

SkP info: I, 976

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

20 — Bjbp Jóms 20I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 20’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 976.

Ok hǫfðingjar hraustir
heyra menn at væri
— þat hefr þjóð at minnum —
þrír með flokki hverjum,
þar er hreggviðir hittusk
hjálma skóðs á víðum
— fundr þótti fyrðum
frægr — Hjǫrungavági.

 

And men hear that three bold chieftains were with each trooppeople hold that in memory —, where {the trees {of the storm {of the harm of helmets}}} [(lit. ‘storm-trees of the harm of helmets’) SWORD > BATTLE > WARRIORS] met in wide Liavågen; that meeting seemed famous to men.

context: Hákon jarl and Eiríkr jarl reach Hjǫrungavágr (Liavågen) where the Jómsvíkingar are. Those leading the Jómsvíkingar, the number of ships they command, and the positions of their ships are enumerated, as are those in the Norwegian fleet (see further Note to ll. 1, 4 below).

texts: ÓT 76

editions: Skj Bjarni Kolbeinsson: Jómsvíkingadrápa 20 (AII, 5; BII, 5); Skald II, 3, NN §2818; Fms 11, 168, Fms 12, 244, Jvs 1879, 110-11, 133; Fms 1, 170, Fms 12, 42, ÓT 1958-2000, I, 186-7 (ch. 90), Ólafur Halldórsson 2000, 25, 78.

sources

GKS 2367 4° (R) 53v, 31 - 53v, 33  transcr.  image  image  image  
AM 65 folx (65x) 381v - 381v  image  
GKS 2367 4° (RCP) 53v, 31 - 53v, 33  image  image  image  
GKS 2367 4° (RFJ) 53v, 31 - 53v, 33  image  image  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 19va, 31 - 19va, 33 (ÓT)  image  image  
AM 53 fol (53) 16ra, 24 - 16ra, 27 (ÓT)  image  
AM 54 fol (54) 15vb, 30 - 15vb, 34 (ÓT)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 26ra, 38 - 26rb, 4 (ÓT)  image  
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