Note to stanza
1. 1. Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, 1. Ynglingatal, 22 [Vol. 1, 48]
[5-6] hlífi-Nauma hallvarps ‘the protecting Nauma <goddess> of the cairn [= Hel]’: Hel, goddess of death, also features in st. 7. Nauma appears to be a goddess or giantess, whose name occurs as the base-word in woman-kennings: see Note to Ótt Lv 3/8. The gen. hallvarps ‘of the cairn’ is to be understood as the object of the verbal element hlífi ‘protecting’ which is attached to Nauma. The hap. leg. hallvarp, lit. ‘stone-throwing’ is best interpreted as ‘heap of stones, cairn’ (so Wadstein 1895a, 76 and subsequent eds); Falk (1923, 78) compares New Norw. varp, verp ‘heap of stones commemorating an event, cairn’. Although no other source associates Hel with a cairn, such an association is plausible given the use of cairns in burials or as commemorative monuments.
Wadstein, Elis. 1895a. Bidrag till tolkn… ∙ is referred to in ∙ Þjóð Yt 22, n. 5-6 (SkP 1)
Falk, Hjalmar. 1923. Review of Rudolf Me… ∙ is referred to in ∙ Þjóð Yt 22, n. 5-6 (SkP 1)
Ótt Lv 3 ∙ is referred to in ∙ Þjóð Yt 22, n. 5-6 (SkP 1)