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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

1. 1. Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, 1. Ynglingatal, 17 [Vol. 1, 38]

[6] með Svíum ‘among the Swedes’: The prepositional phrase can be construed in three possible ways: (a) It can be taken as modifying kvôðu ‘people said’, meaning that the burning was talked about among the Swedes (so Storm 1900, 32; Noreen 1912b, 131; Åkerlund 1939, 104; NN §3201). (b) It can be taken with brenna inni ‘to burn inside [a house]’, meaning that the burning takes place ‘among the Swedes’, i.e. in Sweden (ÍF 26; Hkr 1991). (c) It can be taken with sikling ‘the ruler’, meaning that Eysteinn is burned along with his Swedish companions (so Hkr 1893-1901, IV; Skj B; Lindquist 1929, 67). Solution (a) is most likely, because it preserves the unity of l. 6, and because numerous examples, collected by Kock (NN §3201), show that Yt repeatedly refers to word-of-mouth reports among the Swedes.


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