Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Tindr Hallkelsson (Tindr)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

Hákonardrápa (Hákdr) - 11

Skj info: Tindr Hallkelsson, Islandsk skjald, d. efter 1015. (AI, 144-7, BI, 136-9).

Skj poems:
1. Drape om Hakon jarl
2. Lausavísur

Tindr Hallkelsson (Tindr), an Icelander, was born around the middle of the tenth century and belonged to the illustrious family of Gilsbekkingar; he bore the nickname inn frœkni ‘the Brave’ (Finnur Jónsson 1886b, 309-10). His father occupied a property called Hallkelsstaðir, according to Harðar saga Grímkelssonar (ÍF 13, 96). Ldn (ÍF 1, 82-3) mentions him as a brother of the chieftain Illugi svarti ‘the Black’ at Gilsbakki, thus paternal uncle of the poet Gunnlaugr ormstunga ‘Serpent-tongue’ (GunnlIV), as noted in Gunnlaugs saga (ÍF 3, 58; cf. ÍF 13, 138). He was also a fifth-generation descendant of the skald Bragi Boddason (BragiIII; ÍF 1, 82) and great-grandfather of Gísl Illugason (GíslII; ÍF 1, 111; cf. ÍF 3, 331). His skills as a poet within this skaldic lineage are discussed by de Vries (1964-7, I, 178). His daughters Jóreiðr and Hallveig and son Þorvaldr are mentioned in Ldn (ÍF 1, 108, 137, 111 respectively); the name of a wife, if any, is not recorded.

Little is known about Tindr’s life and career, the fullest source being the incompletely preserved and historically unreliable Heiðarvíga saga (Heið). Ldn (ÍF 1, 83) notes his part in avenging the death of his brother, perhaps early in his adult life before his time in Norway. Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 280) includes him among the poets affiliated to Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. Both Fsk (‘A’ redaction only, ÍF 29, 131) and the version of Jvs in ms. 510 (Jvs 1879, 82) show him fighting on Hákon’s side at the battle of Hjǫrungavágr (Liavågen, c. 985) (cf. Finnur Jónsson 1886b, 309) and as having composed Hákonardrápa, his main surviving work, as a detailed narrative on that theme, probably shortly after the action (LH I, 536). There are no reliable reports of his serving other rulers. The statement in Harðar saga (ÍF 13, 36) that places him in Norway as early as the reign of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’ (c. 961-c. 970) can be dismissed on chronological grounds (LH I, 536; ÍF 13, 96 n. 4). After his return to Iceland Tindr played a prominent role in the famous Heiðarvíg ‘Battle of the heath’ (c. 1015), as reported in Heið (ÍF 3, 298). The saga (ÍF 3, 307) includes two lausavísur spoken by him as he lies severely wounded in the battle (Tindr Lv 1-2V (Heið 14-15)); his death apparently followed shortly afterwards.

Hákonardrápa — Tindr HákdrI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Tindr Hallkelsson, Hákonardrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 336.

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Skj: Tindr Hallkelsson: 1. Drape om Hakon jarl, o. 987 (AI, 144-7, BI, 136-8)

in texts: Hkr, Jvs, ÓT, ÓTC, Skm, SnE

SkP info: I, 336

notes: Group should really be A1

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

1. Kx - 159v/16-159v/23
Varða gims sem gerþi | gerðr biuglima herða | gnyr ox fiolnis fúra | farlig sæing iarli | þa er hring fám hanga | hrynserk viðoʀ brynio | ruðuz riðmarar róða | rastar varð at casta
F - 26vb/33-26vb/36 (VEÞ)
Varða | gíms sem gerði gerþr bívglímom herþa gnyr ox fiolnis fv́ra | farlíg sø̨iɴg iarli · þa er hring faín hanga hrynserks | viðom brynío · hrvðvz rið márar roða rastar varþ at kasta · |
510 - 62r/6-62r/9
Varðar | gíms sem giorðir biog timum jmu herða. gnyr ox fiolnis fyrða. fagurleg sæing jarlle. | þars hring fioen hanga. hrim serkur niður um merke. bryniu. rudduz riðmarar | rode. rastar uarðar kasta.
A - 11r/22-11r/23 (VEÞ)
Þa ær hring fám hanga hrynsærkr viðvm bryniv hrvðvz hriðmarar ro | ða rastar varð at kasta .
2. 510 - 62r/9-62r/12
Gat óhrædin æðra. odd galldurs | enn Sigualldi. vítt sauck næte niotar. viður nám bua kuantí. adur | mót roduls mattu. magrendur grimnis vagna. saung at suerða þíngí. | sarla þrenskum jarllí.
3. 510 - 62r/12-62r/14
Dreif at uiðris veðrí. vargi grim | ꜳ margann. varð auð kundu uirðri vagll agls tímis hagllí. þars j sundur | ꜳ sandí. sorla blígs fyri .j. þess hafa seggir sessi. serk hríng ofinn merki.
Kx - 159v/24-159v/27
Þars i sundr a súndi | sꜹrla bles fyr jarli | þes hefir seɢia sesi | serc hringofin merki.
F - 26vb/37-26vb/38 (VEÞ)
Þars i svndr a saɴdi sꜹrla blǿ̨r fyrir iarli þes hefir seɢía | sessí serks hringofín merki ·
4. Kx - 162r/26-162v/6
Váɴ a vinda siɴi | verþbioðr hugins ferðar| beit solgagaʀ seilar || sverðz eɢia spor leɢi | aðr hiormeiðar hrioða | hatting var mætti | liðar langra sceiða | liþs hálfan tog þriðia
F - 27rb/35-27rb/38 (VEÞ)
Vaɴ a vinda síɴí verþ biorðr hvgíns ferþar beít sol gagar | seilar sverðz eɢía spor léɢi · aðr híor meiðir hrioða hø̨ | tíng var þat mø̨ti leiðar langra skeiða liðz halfan tog þri | ðia ·
510 - 62r/17-62r/19
Vann at níunda sínne. uarð bioði hugíns ferðar. beit solgagar sueíta. | suerð eggía spor leggí. at híor meiðar herd[E]r. Hættíng uar þat mætti. leiðar | langa skeiða. liðs halfan tog þriðia.
5. 510 - 62r/19-62r/22
Forrad jarll enn | ꜳra. hendur hermaurum kendi. gvndlar doms at glaumí. geírs | tírar for meíre. undz þa er hrauð enn hauðri. hialldur ræsi er þat | giolldum. nunnar fus ꜳ mæti. morður vicinga skeiðar.
6. 510 - 62r/23-62r/25
Giorðuzt gondlar borða. glaumur ox þar at er naumu. auði grims | at eyðíz. oll lond dana brandí. kent hefir hægur at hoggua. hræ | ber birtíngum senar. veðz eggí undum viggiar veggurs niðz um þat skeggi.
7. 510 - 62r/26-62r/28
Saddi jarll þars odda. of þing saman gengu. Van hugða valt hungri hranna | byrgís nafní. morð skyar warð monnum. mistar gott til vísta. heí | ðíns doms at haða. olld uann markar síðu.
8. 510 - 62r/29-62r/31
Þat víll olld medan alldir. yngs kveðiu menn byggia. gnogt þess er gog | lum ueittí. glaum haconar. æfí. þvi hyck bitrum beíta. baund at uilldu | landi. hyck lar eiðe lyða. lætar hueríum gramm betri.
9. 510 - 62r/31-62r/33
Hrauð enn hroptur um naði. hialdur skya ualnyum þar uar líndz fyri landi. leið angur dana | skeiðar.
10. 510 - 62v/23-62v/25
Þa er fyri borð ꜳ barða. j bruðar fang at ganga. ueður magnanda uiðris. uirð | endur bua kendu. micin gíarðí her hiorua. hliomur bui sunnann. bauga skerður | at breiðu. balldur hakonar ualldi.
11. 510 - 62v/25-62v/26
Undur er þrytt ef þríndí. þan kendi ual er sendir. gulli safnaðar gumna. goðinnar hræum fiarre.
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