Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Tindr Hallkelsson (Tindr)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

Hákonardrápa (Hákdr) - 11

Skj info: Tindr Hallkelsson, Islandsk skjald, d. efter 1015. (AI, 144-7, BI, 136-9).

Skj poems:
1. Drape om Hakon jarl
2. Lausavísur

Tindr Hallkelsson (Tindr), an Icelander, was born around the middle of the tenth century and belonged to the illustrious family of Gilsbekkingar; he bore the nickname inn frœkni ‘the Brave’ (Finnur Jónsson 1886b, 309-10). His father occupied a property called Hallkelsstaðir, according to Harðar saga Grímkelssonar (ÍF 13, 96). Ldn (ÍF 1, 82-3) mentions him as a brother of the chieftain Illugi svarti ‘the Black’ at Gilsbakki, thus paternal uncle of the poet Gunnlaugr ormstunga ‘Serpent-tongue’ (GunnlIV), as noted in Gunnlaugs saga (ÍF 3, 58; cf. ÍF 13, 138). He was also a fifth-generation descendant of the skald Bragi Boddason (BragiIII; ÍF 1, 82) and great-grandfather of Gísl Illugason (GíslII; ÍF 1, 111; cf. ÍF 3, 331). His skills as a poet within this skaldic lineage are discussed by de Vries (1964-7, I, 178). His daughters Jóreiðr and Hallveig and son Þorvaldr are mentioned in Ldn (ÍF 1, 108, 137, 111 respectively); the name of a wife, if any, is not recorded.

Little is known about Tindr’s life and career, the fullest source being the incompletely preserved and historically unreliable Heiðarvíga saga (Heið). Ldn (ÍF 1, 83) notes his part in avenging the death of his brother, perhaps early in his adult life before his time in Norway. Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 280) includes him among the poets affiliated to Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. Both Fsk (‘A’ redaction only, ÍF 29, 131) and the version of Jvs in ms. 510 (Jvs 1879, 82) show him fighting on Hákon’s side at the battle of Hjǫrungavágr (Liavågen, c. 985) (cf. Finnur Jónsson 1886b, 309) and as having composed Hákonardrápa, his main surviving work, as a detailed narrative on that theme, probably shortly after the action (LH I, 536). There are no reliable reports of his serving other rulers. The statement in Harðar saga (ÍF 13, 36) that places him in Norway as early as the reign of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’ (c. 961-c. 970) can be dismissed on chronological grounds (LH I, 536; ÍF 13, 96 n. 4). After his return to Iceland Tindr played a prominent role in the famous Heiðarvíg ‘Battle of the heath’ (c. 1015), as reported in Heið (ÍF 3, 298). The saga (ÍF 3, 307) includes two lausavísur spoken by him as he lies severely wounded in the battle (Tindr Lv 1-2V (Heið 14-15)); his death apparently followed shortly afterwards.

Hákonardrápa — Tindr HákdrI

Russell Poole 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Tindr Hallkelsson, Hákonardrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 336.

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Skj: Tindr Hallkelsson: 1. Drape om Hakon jarl, o. 987 (AI, 144-7, BI, 136-8)

in texts: Hkr, Jvs, ÓT, ÓTC, Skm, SnE

SkP info: I, 336

notes: Group should really be A1

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

(non-lexical) (unclassified)* 6/2, * 10/2

(unknown) (unclassified)eide 8/7, lar 8/7, nunnar 5/7

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 1/4

allr (adj.) ‘all...’ǫll 6/4

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 1/4, 2/7, 3/1, 4/1, 5/3, 6/2, 7/7, 8/6, 10/7

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 4/5

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 1/8, 6/3, 6/5, 10/2

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auð 3/3, auði 6/3

aurr (noun m.) ‘sand or gravel bank, ford...’ — 1/6

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 3/2, 3/5, 4/1, 5/7, 10/1

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 2/5, 4/5

1ár (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. u/-; -ar/-ir(LandslBorg 151b²¹)] ‘oar...’ára 5/1

Baldr (noun m.) ‘[Baldr, Baldur]...’ — 10/8, Baldrs 10/8

band (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘band, bond...’bǫnd 8/6

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’barða 10/1

baugr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ring...’bauga 10/7

2beita (verb) [°-tt-] ‘beat, tack...’ — 8/5

betri (adj. comp.) [°superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.] ‘better, best...’betri.† 8/8

birtingr (noun m.) [°-s, dat -i/-] ‘[sea-trout]...’birtinga 6/6, birtingum 6/6

bitr (adj.) [°bitran; superl. bitrastr] ‘sharp, biting...’bitrum 8/5

bíta (verb) [°bítr; beit, bitu; bitinn] ‘bite...’beit 4/3

2bjóðr (noun m.) ‘inviter...’bjóði 4/2, 4/2

bjúgr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘bent...’bjúg 1/2

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’blés 3/6

blígr (adj.)blígs 3/6

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 10/1, borða 6/1

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’brandi 6/4

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðu 10/7

brúðr (noun f.) [°brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir] ‘woman, bride...’brúðar 10/2

1brynja (noun f.) [°-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur] ‘mailcoat...’brynju 1/6

3Búi (noun m.) ‘Búi...’i 2/4, Búa 2/4, Búa 10/4, 10/6

2byggja (verb) [°byggir/byggvir; byggði; byggðr] ‘inhabit, dwell; build, found...’byggva 8/2

byrgi (noun n.) [°-s; -, dat. byrgjum] ‘refuge...’byrgis 7/4

bœr (noun m.) [°-jar/-ar, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja/-a, dat. -jum/-um/bjóm/-am/-m, acc. -i/-ja/-a/bǿ] ‘farm, homestead...’bæs 3/6

bǫð (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’bǫðvar 10/2

danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Dana 6/4, Dana 9/4

dómr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)...’dóm* 5/3, dóms 5/3, dóms 7/7

2drífa (verb) [°drífr; dreif, drifu; drifinn] ‘drive, rush...’Dreif 3/1

3ef (conj.) ‘if...’ — 11/1

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)] ‘edge, blade...’eggja 4/4, eggjar 4/4

eggjandi (noun m.) [°; eggjendr] ‘inciter...’eggjǫndum 6/7

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 5/1, 5/5, 9/1

endr (adv.) ‘formerly, once, again...’*endr 5/2

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 2/2

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 3/5, 6/2, s 8/3, s 11/2

2eyða (verb) [°-dd-] ‘destroy...’eyðask 6/3, eyðisk 6/3

fagrligr (adj.) [°compar. -ri, superl. -st-]fagrlig 1/4

fang (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘grasp, tunic...’ — 10/2, fangs 10/2

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’farin 1/5, Fór*at 5/1

farligr (adj.) ‘attractive...’farlig 1/4

fat (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘garments...’fǫt 1/5

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fôum 1/5

fáligr (adj.)fálig 1/4

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ferðar 4/2, ferðir 4/2

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’fundit 3/3

fjarri (adv.) ‘far, far from it, unlikely...’ — 11/4

Fjǫlnir (noun m.) ‘Fjǫlnir...’Fjǫlnis 1/3

Fjǫrnir (noun m.) ‘Fjǫrnir...’fjǫrnis 1/3

forráð (noun n.) — 5/1

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frák 2/3

fúrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’fúra 1/3

fúss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager, willing...’fús 5/7

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 3/6, 9/3, 10/1

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrða 1/3

gagarr (noun m.) ‘dog...’ — 4/3

gagl (noun n.) ‘gosling...’gagls 3/4, gǫglum 8/3

galdr (noun m.) ‘chant, incantation...’galdrs 2/2

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’ — 10/2, gingu 7/2

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geirs 5/4

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerði 1/1, gerði 10/5, Gjǫrðusk 6/1

Gerðr (noun f.) ‘Gerðr...’ — 1/2

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’gat 2/1, Gatat 2/1

gim (noun n.) ‘gem, jewel...’gims 1/1

gjald (noun n.) ‘payment, reward, return...’gjǫldum 5/6

glaumr (noun m.) ‘noise...’glaum 8/4, glaumi 5/3, 6/2

gleypa (verb) ‘swallow...’gleypti 3/2

gnótt (noun f.) ‘abundance...’ — 8/3

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’ — 1/3

goði (noun m.) ‘chieftain-priest...’goðinnar 11/4

Goðmarr (noun m.) ‘Gullmarn, Gullmaren ...’Goðmarr 11/4

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’gótt 7/6

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 8/8

grimmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce...’grim 3/2, grimms 6/3

Grímnir (noun m.) ‘Grimnir...’Grímnis 2/6

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’golls 11/3, golli 11/3

gumi (noun m.) [°-a; gumar/gumnar] ‘man...’gumna 11/3

2Gymir (noun m.) ‘Gymir...’Gymis 2/6

gæfr (adj.) [°compar. -ari/-ri, superl. -astr] ‘pleasing...’gæfs 8/4

2Gǫndull (noun m.) ‘Gǫndull...’Gǫndlar 5/3, Gǫndlar 6/1

hafa (verb) ‘have...’ — 3/7, hefr 3/7, hefr 6/5

hagl (noun n.) [°-s; dat. *-um] ‘hail...’hagli 3/4

halfr (adj.) ‘half...’halfan 4/8

hangi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘hanged one...’Hanga 7/3, Hanga 1/5

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’hauðri 5/5

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’ 8/4, 10/8

heggr (noun m.) ‘cherry-tree...’heggr 6/5

heiðinn (adj.) ‘heathen...’heiðins 7/7

herðr (noun f.) [°-ar(Thom² 447¹³); -ar] ‘shoulder...’herða 1/2

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’ — 10/5

2heyja (verb) ‘fight, wage (battle)...’háða 7/7

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’ — 5/6, 9/2, hjaldrs 5/6

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’hjǫr 4/5, hjǫrva 10/5

hljómr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘sound...’hljóm* 10/6, 10/6

hrafn (noun m.) [°hrafns; dat. hrafni; hrafnar] ‘raven...’hrafna 7/4

Hrauðnir (noun m.) ‘Hrauðnir...’Hrauðnis 5/5

hringofinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘woven with rings...’ — 3/8

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hring 1/5, hring 1/6

hrinr (noun m.) ‘°brøl, hyl...’hrin 1/5

hríð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time, storm...’hríð 7/8

hríðmarr (noun m.)hríðmarar 1/7

hrím (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rime frost...’ — 1/6

1hrjóða (verb) ‘clear, destroy...’hrauð 5/5, Hrauð 9/1, 4/5, hruðumsk 1/7, hruðusk 1/7

1hrjóta (verb) ‘fling, fly...’hraut 3/5

Hroptr (noun m.) ‘[Hroptr, Hroptar]...’ — 9/1

hryn- ((prefix)) ‘roaring-...’hryn 1/6

hrynserkr (noun m.) ‘[clanging shirt]...’hrynserk 1/6, 1/6, hrynserks 1/6

hræ (noun n.) [°; -] ‘corpse, carrion...’hræ* 6/6, hræum 11/4

hræðinn (adj.) ‘[less]...’ — 2/1

hrǫnn (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘wave...’hranna 7/4

hugða (noun f.) [°-u] ‘thought...’ — 7/3

1Huginn (noun m.) ‘Huginn...’Hugins 4/2

1hungr (noun m.) [°hungrs/-s, dat. hungri, acc. hungr/hung] ‘hunger...’hungri 7/3

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hverjum 8/8

2hyggja (verb) ‘think, consider...’hykk 8/5, hykk 8/7

1hœgr (adj.) [°acc. -an/-jan; comp. hǿgri, superl. hǿgstr/hǿgastr] ‘convenient, calm, pleasant...’hægur 6/5

hœting (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘threat...’ — 4/6

hætting (noun f.) ‘[danger, a menace]...’hetting 4/6, 4/6

hǫggva (verb) ‘to strike, put to death, cut, hew...’ — 6/5

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendr 5/2

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 3/5, 10/2

íma (noun f.) ‘ember, battle, dusky one...’ímu 1/2

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’ — 5/1, 7/1, jarli 1/4, jarli 2/8, jarli 3/6

1kasta (verb) ‘throw...’ — 1/8

kenna (verb) ‘know, teach...’kenndi 5/2, kenndi 11/2, kenndu 10/4, Kennt 6/5

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kvômu 2/4

kvantr (noun m.) ‘°trængsel, lidelse, overlast...’kvanti 2/4

1kveðja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘greeting...’kveðju 8/2

1kyn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kin...’kunar 8/4, kunar 10/8

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’landi 8/6, landi 9/3, lǫnd 6/4

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langa 4/7, langra 4/7

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lætr 8/8

leggr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘limb...’leggi 4/4, leggja 4/4

leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’leiðar 4/7, leiðir 4/7

leiðangr (noun m.) [°leiðangrs, dat. leiðangri; leiðangrar] ‘naval levy...’ — 9/4

leiðing (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; dat. -um] ‘°overtalelse, forlokkelse; ?anvisning, ?...’ — 4/7

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’liðar 4/7, liðs 4/8

limr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -i/-; -ir acc. limu/limi] ‘[limb]...’lima 1/2, limum 1/2

1lind (noun f.) ‘linden-shield, linden tree...’lind* 9/3

lýðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘one of the people...’lýða 8/7

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’menn 8/2, mǫnnum 4/1, mǫnnum 7/5

magnandi (noun m.) ‘strengthener...’magnendr 2/6, magnanda 10/3

man (noun n.) ‘girl...’man 8/2

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’margan 3/2

2marr (noun m.) ‘horse...’marar 1/7, mǫrum 5/2

már (noun m.) ‘gull...’mávi 7/5

meðan (conj.) ‘while...’ — 8/1

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’mátti 4/6, máttu 2/5, mætti 4/6

meiðir (noun m.) ‘destroyer, harmer...’ — 4/5

meiðr (noun m.) ‘beam, tree...’meiðr 5/8, meiðar 4/5

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’ — 5/4

1merki (noun n.) [°-s: -] ‘banner, sign...’ — 1/6, 3/8

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’Mikinn 10/5

Mist (noun f.) ‘Mist...’Mistar 7/6

mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’ — 1/4

1morð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘killing, battle...’ — 7/5

1mót (noun n.) [°; -] ‘meeting...’ — 2/5

mœta (verb) ‘meet...’mœttu 2/5, mœti 4/6

mæti (noun n.) [°; -] ‘precious thing...’ — 5/7

2mǫrk (noun f.) [°merkr; merkr] ‘forest...’markar 7/8

nafni (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘namesake...’ — 7/4

nauma (noun f.) ‘Nauma...’Naumu 6/2

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’náði 9/1

nár (noun m.) [°-s; -ir] ‘corpse...’ná 3/2

1niðr (noun m.) [°-s; niðjar/niðir, acc. niði] ‘son, kinsman, relative...’niðs 6/8

3niðr (adv.) ‘down...’niðr 6/8, 1/6

níundi (num. ordinal)níunda 4/1

njótr (noun m.) ‘user, enjoyer...’Njóta* 2/3

nýr (adj.) [°nýjan; compar. nýrri, superl. nýjastr] ‘new...’nýjum 9/2

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odd 2/2, odda 7/1

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 6/8

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 9/1

ofþing (noun n.) ‘[mighty assemblies]...’ — 7/2

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ok 2/2

ó- ((prefix)) ‘un-...’ó 2/1

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’runnu 10/6

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’ruðusk 1/7

róði (noun m.) [°-a] ‘Róði, wind...’roðar 1/7, Róða 1/7

2ryðja (verb) ‘to clear (free) land...’ruddusk 1/7

ræsa (verb) ‘incite, rush...’ræsik 5/6

rǫðull (noun m.) [°dat. rǫðli] ‘heavenly body...’rǫðuls 2/5

1rǫst (noun f.) [°rastar; rastir] ‘(a measure of distance)...’rastar 1/8

safna (verb) ‘gather...’safnaðar 11/3, samnaði 11/3

saman (adv.) ‘together...’ — 7/2

sandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sand, beach...’sandi 3/5

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þann 11/2, þat 3/7, þat 4/6, þat 5/6, þat 6/8, þat 8/1, þess 3/7, þess 8/3

sárla (adv.) ‘[grievously]...’sarla 3/6, 2/8

seðja (verb) ‘satisfy, satiate...’Saddi 7/1

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggir 3/7, seggja 3/7

segja (verb) ‘say, tell...’ — 3/7

seil (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘strap...’seilar 4/3

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 1/1

sendir (noun m.) ‘sender, distributor...’ — 11/2

1serkr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘shirt...’serk 1/6, serk 3/8, 1/6, serks 3/8

sessi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘bench-mate...’ — 3/7

siðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -u] ‘faith, morals...’sið 4/2

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’Sig 2/2

1sinni (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘companion...’ — 4/1

1síða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘side...’síðu 7/8

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’sævar 6/6

skeggr (noun m.) ‘beard...’skeggi 6/8

1skeið (noun f.) [°-ar; -r/-ar/-ir] ‘ship...’skeiðr 10/7, skeiða 4/7, skeiðar 5/8, skeiðar 9/4

skerða (verb) ‘diminish...’skerðr 10/7

ský (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cloud...’skýja 9/2, skýja* 7/5

sól (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘sun...’ — 4/3

spor (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘track...’ — 4/4

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’sundi 3/5

sundr (adv.) ‘(a)sunder...’ — 3/5

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 10/6

svarla (verb)svǫrla 3/6

sveiti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’sveita 4/3

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 4/4, sverða 2/7, sverðs 4/4

syngja (verb) ‘sing...’sǫng 2/7

sæng (noun f.) [°-r/-(j)ar, dat. -/-u; -r/-ar/-jar] ‘bed...’sæing 1/4

1søkkva (verb) ‘sink, strong intrans....’sǫkk 2/3

Sǫrli (noun m.) ‘Sǫrli...’Sǫrla 3/6

tigr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s(DN II (1309) 80¹², etc.); -ir, acc. -u] ‘a ten of, a decade; a ten of, a decade...’tøg 4/8

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 7/6

tírarfǫr (noun f.) ‘expedition of glory ...’ — 5/4

1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’ — 1/6

2undr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wonder, marvel...’ — 11/1

2unz (conj.) ‘until...’ — 5/5

1vagl (noun m.) ‘°tværbjælke (mellem to stolper)...’ — 3/4

vald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength, power...’valdi 10/8

1valdi (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 2/2

1valr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ir] ‘corpse, the slain...’val 3/4, val 9/2, val 11/2

2valr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘falcon...’vals 7/3

valtr (adj.) ‘unsteady, in danger ...’valt 7/3

2varða (verb) ‘defend...’varðar 1/8

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’vargr 3/2, vargi 3/2

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’óx 1/3, óx 6/2

váð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘clothes...’váðar 1/7

vágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘sea, wave...’vág 4/1

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’veðr 6/7, 10/3, veðri 3/1, veðs 6/7

1veggr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s(Páll²A 257³³), dat. -/-i(kun defin.); -ir] ‘wall...’vegg*s 6/8

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’veitti 8/3

veitir (noun m.) ‘giver...’veiti 2/3

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’es 11/1, vas 4/6, vas 9/3

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 1/8, varð 3/3, varð 4/6, varð 7/5, Varða 1/1

1verðr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘food...’verð 4/2

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’varði 1/1

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’v 7/8

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’viðum 1/6

Viðrir (noun m.) ‘Viðrir...’Viðris 3/1, Viðris 10/3

viðrnám (noun n.) ‘resistance, opposition ...’ — 2/4

Viðurr (noun m.) ‘Viðurr...’ — 1/6

viggr (noun m.) ‘horse...’viggja* 6/7, viggjar 6/7

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildu 8/6, vill 8/1

Vinðr (noun m.) [°; vinðr/-ir] ‘the Wends...’Vinða 4/1

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’Vann 4/1, vann 7/3, vann 7/8

virð (noun f.) [°; -ar] ‘[meal]...’virð*i 3/3

virðandi (noun m.) [°; -endr] ‘guardian, appraiser...’virðendr 10/4

vist (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘abode, lodging, provisions...’vista 7/6

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veit 8/1

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’við 4/2, vítt 2/3

víkingr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘viking...’víkinga 5/8

vǫgn (noun f.) [°; vagnir] ‘wagon...’vagna 2/6

vǫrðr (noun m.) [°varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu] ‘guardian, defender...’varðar 1/1

1Yggr (noun m.) ‘Yggr...’Yggs 8/2

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 6/2, 9/3

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 1/5, 3/5, 7/1

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’þá 10/6, Þá* 8/1, 3/5

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 1/5, 5/5, 10/1

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’þingi 2/7

þinurr (noun m.) ‘bow...’þinurs 3/4

þreyja (verb) ‘yearn...’þreytt 11/1

þriði (num. ordinal) ‘third...’Þriðja 8/2, þriðja 4/8

þrjóta (verb) [str. 2; þrýtr, þraut, þrutu, þrotinn] ‘end, fail...’þrytt 11/1

þrœnzkr (adj.) ‘from Trøndelag...’þrœnzkum 2/8

Þundr (noun m.) ‘Þundr...’Þundi 11/1

því (adv.) ‘therefore, because...’ — 8/5

œðri (adj. comp.) ‘nobler, higher...’œðra 2/1

ævi (noun f.) [°-/-ar] ‘life...’ — 8/4

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldir 8/1, 7/8, 8/1

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