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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

3. Anonymous Þulur, 34. Øxna heiti, 1 [Vol. 3, 885]

[4] jǫrmunrekr: Otherwise the Old Norse name of the Gothic king, Ermanaric the Great (d. 375; see Bragi Rdr 3, Note to [All]). As a heiti for ‘ox’ the word occurs only in the present stanza. The first element in the cpd (jǫrmun-) is an intensifier and the second (-rekr) is either derived from the strong verb reka ‘chase, drive away’ or it is the same as ON rekkr m. ‘man, warrior’ (since the second element in the pers. n. was associated with ‑rekkr ‘man’; see AEW: Jǫrmunr, Jǫrmunrekr). Jǫrmunrekr would then mean either ‘mighty driver’ or ‘mighty warrior’.


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