Þorbjǫrn svarti (Þsvart)
12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;
Lausavísa (Lv) - 1
Þorbjǫrn svarti ‘the Black’ (Þsvart) was one of the skalds residing with Jarl Rǫgnvaldr Kali Kolsson (Rv) in Orkney, and he accompanied Rǫgnvaldr on the crusade to the Holy Land (1151-3; see ÍF 34, 204). Þorbjǫrn died of an illness in Acre (1152) and was likely buried there (ÍF 34, 230-1; Oddi Lv 4-5). Nothing else is known about Þorbjǫrn, and his ethnicity is also unknown—Finnur Jónsson tentatively calls him Orcadian (LH 1894-1901, II, 44-5; Skj), while Finnbogi Guðmundsson (ÍF 34, 204 n. 3) thinks he may have been an Icelander. Only one lv. by Þorbjǫrn survives (Þsvart Lv).
Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Þorbjǫrn svarti, Lausavísa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 624-5.
Skj: Þórbjǫrn svarti: Lausavísa, 1152 (AI, 531, BI, 512); stanzas (if different): [v]
in texts: Flat, Orkn
SkP info: II, 624-5
Þorbjǫrn recited this lv. (Þsvart Lv) shortly before his death in Acre in 1152. It is preserved in R702ˣ and Flat, as well as in 762ˣ, a copy of R702ˣ with no independent value (used in Skj A but not considered in the present edn). Ms. R702ˣ is the main ms.