Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þormóðr Kolbrúnarskáld (Þorm)

11th century; volume 5; ed. R. D. Fulk;

I. Lausavísur (Lv) - 33

Skj info: Þórmóðr Bersason Kolbrúnarskáld, Islandsk skjald, d. 1030. (AI, 277-88, BI, 256-66).

Skj poems:
1. Þórgeirsdrápa
2. Lausavísur

This edition is currently in preparation. The biography below may represent a superseded edition, notes and/or an interim or draft version. Do not cite this material without consulting the volume and skald editors.

Þormóðr Bersason’s (Þorm) story is told in Fóstbrœðra saga ‘Saga of the Sworn Brothers’ (Fbr), and on its witness he may be supposed to have been born c. 998 and to have died of a wound received in the battle of Stiklestad in 1030. The saga, however, is untrustworthy as to particulars, as the author seems to have derived most of his information about the poet from the poetry available to him. According to the saga, in childhood he and his friend Þorgeirr Hávarsson each swore that he would avenge the killing of the other if he lived. The latter, at the age of fifteen, avenged the killing of his father, initiating a string of thirteen killings commemorated in Þormóðr’s poem celebrating his sworn brother, ÞorgeirsdrápaDrápa about Þorgeirr’ (Þorgdr). Even though their friendship ended when Þormóðr was about fifteen, Þormóðr travelled to Greenland after Þorgeirr was killed (c. 1024), to take vengeance on the perpetrator Þorgrímr trolli (‘Troll’? see Note to Fbr 29/1) and three of his sons. The poet earned his nickname kolbrúnarskáld ‘Coal-brow’s Poet’ for having composed poetry in praise of Þórbjǫrg kolbrún Glúmsdóttir, though none of these survive (probably for reasons of a moral nature; see Boyer 1990, 80). According to Þormóðar þáttr (Þorm; see Þorm Lv 10-11I) he served King Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson (Cnut the Great) in Denmark before returning to Norway, where he spent the last part of his short life in the service of the king, Óláfr Haraldsson (S. Óláfr). According to a memorable passage in Hkr, on the morning of the battle of Stiklestad he recited Bjarkamál in fornu (Anon Bjark 1-2III) to rouse the king’s troops. For further biographical information, see Finnur Jónsson (1932-3, 31-3), ÍF 6, lii-lxx and Schach (1993).

Lausavísur — Þorm LvV (Fbr)

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þormóðr Kolbrúnarskáld, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 820.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25 

cross-references:  17 = Anon (Vǫlsa) 11I 

for reference only:  18x   19x   20x   21x   22x   23x   24x   25x 

Skj: Þórmóðr Bersason Kolbrúnarskáld: 2. Lausavísur (AI, 281-8, BI, 260-6)

in texts: Fbr, Flat, Gramm, Hkr, ÓH, ÓHHkr, ÓHLeg, ÓHÆ, TGT, Vǫlsa, Þorm, ÞormR

SkP info: I, 820

notes: Verses 10, 11, 15, 17-20, 23-25 in OH (Group A1); others in Fbr (Group D)

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-ingr (noun m.)ingum 14/4

-liga (adv.) ‘-ly...’liga 3/3

-ligr (adj.) ‘-ly...’ligt 9/2

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 1/1, 25/3

aldrtili (noun m.) [°-a] ‘°death; spiritual death, damnation...’ — 6/8

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’all 20/2

allr (adj.) ‘all...’Alla 9/5, alla 23/5, allar 2/1, allra 18/5, alls 16/1, ǫll 5/3, ǫll 18/1

2an (conj.) ‘than...’ — 4/4, 12/4

andr (noun m.) [°; andrar] ‘ski...’andra 15/7

1angr (noun m.) [°angrs, dat. angri/angr] ‘grief...’ — 18/7

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’annat 3/7, ǫðrum 20/1

1ari (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘eagle...’ara 11/8

askr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ash, ash-tree, ash-ship...’askar 21/7

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 16/5, 19/1, 19/7, 21/3, 22/4

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 7/3, 21/1, 24/5

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 12/6, 22/1, 22/6

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 2/8, 3/7, 6/3, 7/1, 8/2, 9/2, 9/5, 11/7, 14/7, 15/7, 21/1, 21/5, 23/3

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 13/3

Áli (noun m.) ‘Áli...’Ála 19/1

1árr (noun m.) [°dat. ár; ǽrir/árar, acc. áru] ‘messenger...’ôrr 1/8

Baldr (noun m.) ‘[Baldr, Baldur]...’ — 4/2, Baldrs 8/3

bani (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘death, killer...’bana 5/8

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’barðs 11/4

baugr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ring...’baugs 15/8

báðir (pron.) [°gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði] ‘both...’báðar 11/3, bôðum 11/8

2beita (verb) [°-tt-] ‘beat, tack...’ — 4/1

1ben (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -; -jar , gen. -a(var. EiðKrC 402¹³: AM 77 4°— “D”)] ‘wound...’ — 22/7

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bark 1/1, barsk 2/3, berk 11/7, berum 15/7

2berja (verb) [°barði; barðr/bariðr/barinn] ‘fight...’berjask 22/1

betr (adv.) [°superl. bezt/bazt; pos. „ vel adv.] ‘better...’ — 4/1

bitr (adj.) [°bitran; superl. bitrastr] ‘sharp, biting...’ — 22/1

bíta (verb) [°bítr; beit, bitu; bitinn] ‘bite...’beit 25/7, bitu 23/3, 16/8

bjarg (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘mountain, cliff...’bjǫrg 18/4

1bjarga (verb) [°bergr (biærgr Alk619 77⁹; biargr ÓH619 119¹‡); barg, burgu; borginn] ‘to save, preserve...’Burgumk 6/5

1bjórr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘beer...’bjór 22/8

2blakkr (adj.) ‘black...’blakkan 22/7

2bleikr (adj.) ‘pale...’bleikir 25/2

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’blóði 23/2

boði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘messenger, breaker...’boða 5/5, boða 16/4

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 3/4, borðs 5/7

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’branda 15/4

1braut (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘path, way; away...’ — 20/5

1bráð (noun f.) ‘meat...’brôð 8/2

bregða (verb) [°bregðr/brigðr; brá, brugðu; brugðinn/brogðinn] ‘pull, jerk, break; change...’bregðr 11/6

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðum 11/3

2brenna (verb) [°brennr/brenn; brann, brunnu; brunninn] ‘(strong, intransitive)...’brenndan 14/4

3brenna (verb) [(weak, transitive)] ‘to burn (weak, intr.)...’Brennum 18/1

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’búnar 11/2, Búumk 19/5

bœta (verb) [°-tt-] ‘better, emend, compensate...’bœttak 12/7

bǫð (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 22/2, bǫðvar 23/4

bǫrr (noun m.) ‘tree...’bǫrvar 6/2

2Dagr (noun m.) ‘Dagr...’ — 22/4, Dags 24/8

danskr (adj.) ‘Danish...’danskra 24/7

dauði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘death...’dauða 13/4

1deyja (verb) [°deyr; dó, dó(u); dá(i)nn] ‘die...’ — 15/8, 9/3

díli (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘°(bare) patch, spot; hollow/wound (in sk...’díla 14/1

dís (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘dís, woman...’ — 2/4

djarfr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bold...’djarfir 3/8, 20/4

djúp (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -um] ‘depth, the deep...’djúps 11/7

djúpr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘deep...’djúp 24/7

dómr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)...’dóms 2/3

1draugr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘tree...’draugum 14/3

draumr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘dream...’drauma 2/3

draupnir (noun m.) ‘Draupnir...’Draupnis 2/2

drif (noun n.) ‘blizzard, driven snow...’ — 25/4

1drífa (noun f.) [°-u] ‘snow-storm...’drífu 6/6, drífu 23/8

dýrr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr] ‘precious...’dýrstr 4/6

dǫglingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’dǫglingar 22/8

døkkr (adj.) [°-van; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri, superl. -vastr/-astr] ‘dark...’døkkvi 25/5

eða (conj.) ‘or...’ — 10/7, 20/8

eðr (adv.) ‘still...’ — 20/1

3ef (conj.) ‘if...’ — 5/5, 7/2, 15/2, 18/8

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)] ‘edge, blade...’ — 9/6

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’ák 11/5, átti 4/7, átti 10/2

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’ — 6/1, 20/7

eik (noun f.) [°eikr/eikar; eikr] ‘oak...’ — 25/2

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 15/1, 18/8, mér 2/3, mér 2/8, mér 9/8, mér 10/3, mér 12/3, mér 14/8, mér 24/5, mik 6/2, mik 7/2, mik 7/6, mik 8/8, mik 14/2, mik 21/8, mik 24/4, Mik 25/5

Ekkill (noun m.) ‘Ekkill...’Ekkils 14/2

eldr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar] ‘fire...’Eld 11/5

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 6/7, 8/1, 12/7, 19/5, 24/1

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 9/1, 16/5

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 11/6, es 19/7, es 25/8, þeims 14/2

eski (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ash-wood, spear...’ — 21/7

1ey (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar] ‘island...’ — 2/2, 15/8

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’ — 6/2, 23/5, éli 19/1, Éls 14/1

ér (pron.) [°gen. yðvar/yðar, dat./acc. yðr] ‘you...’ — 12/1

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’ — 11/2, 25/3

2falda (verb) ‘cover, clothe...’faldit 7/8

Falgeirr (noun m.) — 13/8

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fallin 5/3, felldr 13/7

falma (verb) [°-að-] ‘falter...’ — 19/4

fasti (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘flame, fire...’fasta 11/1

fastr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘firm, fast...’fastri 23/7

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fekk 8/2, fekk 21/6, fekk 22/7, fekk’k 21/3, fengit 1/3, fenguð 12/1

Fáfnir (noun m.) ‘Fáfnir...’ — 10/2

3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’færa 12/3, Fáir 3/5, 24/4, 25/3

Fenja (noun f.) ‘bristly one, Fenja ...’Fenju 24/6

(noun n.) [°fjár/féar; -] ‘cattle, money...’ — 12/1

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’fannk 25/4, finnum 18/2, finnumk 5/2, fyndi 7/2

2Finnr (noun m.) ‘Finnr, Fiðr...’Finni 15/6

fjón (noun f.) ‘hatred...’ — 9/8, fjónir 16/2

fjórði (num. ordinal) ‘fourth...’ — 13/6

fjórir (num. cardinal) ‘four...’ — 22/8

fjǫr (noun n.) ‘life...’ — 5/4

fjǫrvi (noun m.) ‘[life]...’ — 13/5

fleinn (noun m.) [°dat. fleini] ‘spear...’flein 23/8

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’fleira 12/1, 8/6, Flestr 11/1, flestr 23/7

flim (noun n.) ‘°nidvise, smædevise...’flíms 12/2

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’fló 25/5, flugu 1/4

forða (verb) ‘escape, avoid...’forðask 19/6

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’framm 23/2

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’frǫmum 14/6

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 10/6

2fránn (adj.) ‘bright, shining...’frán 10/4

2frekr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘greedy...’frekum 20/6

fremð (noun f.) ‘honour...’ — 5/3

Freyja (noun f.) ‘Freyja...’Freyju 2/5

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’frið 21/4

1frýja (noun f.) ‘[a reproach]...’frýju 3/5

frægr (adj.) [°-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str] ‘famous, renowned...’ — 13/7

frændi (noun m.) ‘kinsman, male relative...’frændr 3/6

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 3/2, 8/8, 18/1, 18/4, 20/4

fyrstum (adv.) — 4/6

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’gekk 22/3, gǫngum 19/7

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’garði 11/4

gaurr (noun m.) ‘rascal, ruffian...’ — 9/7

gefa (verb) ‘give...’gafk 2/2, gaft 10/1

gegnum (prep.) ‘through...’gǫgnum 25/6

geigr (noun m.) ‘fright, injury...’geig 14/3

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geir 19/7

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerir 12/6, gǫrt 8/8, gǫrvan 21/8

1gína (verb) ‘gape...’ganði 9/4

1gjalda (verb) ‘pay, repay...’ — 11/5

gjalla (verb) ‘to scream, shriek; to repay, return, pay...’ — 8/7

glapvígr (adj.)glapvígum 1/6

glotta (verb) ‘grin...’glotti 9/7

gløggr (adj.) [°-van; compar. -(v)ari/-ri, superl. -(v)astr/-str] ‘clear...’gleggum 9/6

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’gný 8/7

goð (noun n.) ‘(pagan) god...’ — 9/8

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’gótts 7/7

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 18/4, gram 23/6, 12/8

grannr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘slender...’grǫnn 24/2

gráðugr (adj.) [°gráðugan/gráðgan; superl. gráðugastr/gráðgastr] ‘[greedy, to greedy]...’grôðugs 11/8

greipr (noun m.) ‘grip, hands...’greipum 11/7

greppr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘poet, man...’greppi 5/4

Grímr (noun m.) ‘Grímr...’Grími 12/2

grœða (verb) ‘heal...’grœddr 14/8

Grœnland (noun n.)Grœnlend 14/4

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’goll 11/7

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunn 19/8

1gǫrr (adj.) ‘ample, perfect...’Gørr 4/5

gǫrva (adv.) ‘fully...’ — 6/2

gørvi (noun f.) — 14/3

hafa (verb) ‘have...’ — 15/1, 21/7, hefk 5/6, hefk 6/3, hefk 8/8, hefk 11/2, hefk 14/1, hefk 16/1, hefr 7/8, hefr 12/5, hǫfum 1/3

hald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘support...’haldi 15/3

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 12/5, hans 9/4, þeira 16/7, þeirra 8/5, þeirra 13/8, þeirra 20/3

happ (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘fortune, luck...’ — 15/2

Haraldr (noun m.) ‘Haraldr...’ — 22/1

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’ — 13/2, harðra 22/3, hart 4/3

1harri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘lord...’ — 4/5

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’hauka 24/3

hefna (verb) ‘avenge...’ — 1/5, hefni 8/5

hefnd (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘revenge...’hefnð 8/1

heimskr (adj.) [°comp. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘foolish...’ — 9/3

heit (noun n.) [°; -] ‘promise...’ — 7/4

heldr (adv.) ‘rather...’ — 2/7, 10/7

1hella (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘cave, slab...’hellur 4/3

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’ — 18/3

hér (adv.) ‘here...’ — 20/8

1hildr (noun f.) ‘battle...’Hildr 21/3

2Hildr (noun f.) ‘Hildr...’Hildi 2/7

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’ — 1/2

hjalt (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘hilt...’hjalta 16/2

hjarta (noun n.) [°-; *-u] ‘heart...’ — 23/1, 25/7

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’hjǫrva 22/3, hjǫrvi 18/3

hlaupa (verb) ‘leap, run...’hleypr 4/3

hlíf (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘shield, defence...’hlífa 23/8

hlunnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘roller...’hlunn 4/4, hlunns 1/6

hógr (adj.) ‘comfortable...’hóg 3/3, hóg 14/8

Hrafn (noun m.) ‘Hrafn...’hrafni 8/1, hrafni 20/6, Hrafns 1/5

hregg (noun n.) ‘storm...’ — 5/5

1hreinn (noun m.) [°; hreinar] ‘reindeer...’hreins 15/3

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hrings 8/2, hrings 14/7

2Hringr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘Hringr...’ — 22/4

hríð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time, storm...’ — 21/6, hríðar 13/3, hríðar 24/8

1hrókr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘°(heiti; for mand)...’ — 9/3

Hrund (noun f.) ‘Runde, Hrund, valkyrie...’Hrundar 1/1

1hryggr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s(cogn.), dat. -; -ir] ‘back; ridge...’hryggjar 14/7

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 3/4, hug 4/6, hugar 9/6

hulð (noun f.)hulðar 7/7

hundr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘hound, dog...’hunds 12/5

1hungr (noun m.) [°hungrs/-s, dat. hungri, acc. hungr/hung] ‘hunger...’hungri 11/6

hús (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘house...’húsa 18/5

2hvarfa (verb) ‘stroll, wander...’ — 3/1, 20/4

hvass (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘keen, sharp...’hvasst 25/7

hvárr (pron.) ‘who, which, what, whether...’hvôru 21/3

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hveim 4/5, Hver 18/4, hverju 3/3, hvert 15/4

hvé (conj.) ‘how...’ — 11/1

1hvinn (noun m.) ‘°småtyv, rapser; ?tyvegods, ?forbavselse...’ — 12/6

hví (adv.) ‘why...’ — 6/1, 25/2

hvítingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘drinking horn...’hvítings 2/8, hvítings 21/4

hvítr (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘white...’hvíta 24/3

2hyggja (verb) ‘think, consider...’hyggr 24/4

hœla (verb) ‘boast...’hœlir 4/2

1hættinn (adj.) ‘virtuous...’ — 15/1

hættligr (adj.) ‘[dangerous]...’hættligt 25/8

hǫggva (verb) ‘to strike, put to death, cut, hew...’ — 7/3, hǫggvit 5/5

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’hauldar 19/3, 7/3

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendi 1/1, hendr 11/3

1hǫttr (noun m.) ‘hood, hat...’hetti 7/7

1illa (adv.) ‘badly...’ — 2/1

illr (adj.) ‘bad, evil, unwell...’illan 14/1

1inn (adv.) ‘in, inside...’ — 18/6

2inn (art.) ‘the...’hitt 4/5, Hitt 24/5, in 2/6, in 24/3, 10/3, 13/6, 25/5, it 6/4, it 25/7

innan (prep.) ‘inside, within...’ — 18/1

1inni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘house...’ — 18/2

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 2/3, 4/8, 5/4, 5/6, 18/7, 23/7, 25/6

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’ — 25/8

Jolfuðr (noun m.) ‘Jolfuðr...’Jǫlfuðs 23/6

jór (noun m.) ‘stallion, steed...’jós 4/4

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfri 11/5

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jarðar 13/2

kaldr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cold...’kalda 21/6, kǫld 18/8

kenna (verb) ‘know, teach...’kenndr 16/3, kenndu 6/1

keyra (verb) ‘drive, whip, fling...’keyrðr 25/6

klof (noun n.) ‘°skræv, skridt...’ — 9/4

klungr (noun m.) [°klungrs, dat. klungri; klungrar] ‘thorn, bramble...’klungri 18/7

1klæki (noun f.) ‘°vanære, skam...’ — 9/3

kné (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. knjá] ‘knee, lap...’ — 3/2, 20/4

kol (noun n.) [°; -] ‘coal...’ — 18/6

kolbrún (noun f.)Kolbrúnar 2/4

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’komumk 20/5

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’konung 3/8, 3/4, 23/2, konungs 11/4

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kann 2/6, 4/4

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kvaddi 23/4, kveðit 12/2

kveykja (noun f.) ‘[be ignited]...’kveykt 18/7

kyndill (noun m.) [°; kyndlar] ‘[candles]...’kyndils 1/8

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’ — 15/4, 18/3, landa 25/1

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langt 6/5, lengra 6/5

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 13/6, létk 8/3, létk 8/7, létum 16/7, lézk 4/1, lézkat 7/6, lézt 10/3

látr (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘lair...’ — 10/2

lendr (adj.) ‘landed...’ — 10/6

lengi (adv.) ‘for a long time...’ — 3/2, 10/1

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 23/4

lifa (verb) ‘live...’ — 15/8

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’liggjum 20/8

linnr (noun m.) ‘snake...’linns 15/6

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 6/6

líkna (verb) ‘show mercy, have mercy...’líknumk 2/7

líta (verb) ‘look, see; appear...’leitk 9/5

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítinn 21/4

loðinn (adj./verb p.p.) [°superl. loðnastr] ‘[shaggy, Loðinn]...’Loðins 13/4

lofgerð (noun f.)lofgørðar 7/4

loftunga (noun f.) ‘[tongue of praise, Loftunga...’Loftungu 10/1

1lúta (verb) ‘(strong)...’laut 13/2

lyndr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘minded...’ — 7/2

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’manna 16/5, manni 24/2

magn (noun n.) [°-s] ‘strength...’magni 25/6

malmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘metal...’ — 25/5

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’marga 8/4, mart 2/6, mart 6/4

mark (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sign...’ — 6/3

1mál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘speech, matter...’máli 6/3

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 15/5, 18/3, 19/8, 21/2, 22/2

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’ 18/8, mák 1/8

meir (adv.) ‘further, again...’ — 8/5

meirr (adv.) ‘more...’meir 3/7

meldr (noun m.) ‘flour...’meldrar 24/5

mennska (noun f.) [°-u] ‘human...’menzku 12/7

2meta (verb) ‘measure, value, assess...’Matkak 8/1

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’mikla 1/4, miklu 12/3, miklu 19/2

minn (pron.) [°f. mín, n. mitt] ‘my...’mitt 3/8, mína 12/8, mínu 15/3, mínum 21/5

1minna (verb) ‘remind, remember, recall...’minnumk 3/7

1minni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘memory...’ — 5/2

mold (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u; -ir] ‘earth, soil...’moldar 13/7

1morð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘killing, battle...’morðs 16/6

morðvenjandi (noun m.) ‘killing-accustomed one ...’morðvenjanda 24/6

munr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i] ‘mind, pleasure...’mun 16/5

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’munat 14/5, munk 20/1

myrðir (noun m.) ‘killer...’ — 10/5

mær (noun f.) [°meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar] ‘maiden...’meyju 2/2

mæringr (noun m.) ‘famous one...’ — 12/4

2mærr (adj.) ‘famous...’mæri 10/3

mætr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘honoured, respected...’ — 12/7

2mǫrk (noun f.) [°merkr; merkr] ‘forest...’merkr 10/4

naddr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘spear, point...’nadda 5/7

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’náir 20/2

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’namk 13/5

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 14/8, 23/6

neppr (adj.) ‘[exhausted]...’nepps 5/4

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 3/5

Njǫrðr (noun m.) ‘Njǫrðr...’Nirði 5/7

(adv.) ‘now...’ — 19/4

nýsa (verb)nýsandi 1/7

nær (adv.) ‘near, almost; when...’ — 7/5, 20/3, 21/7

nærgi (adv.) ‘[Some day]...’Nærgis 1/5

nærri (adj. comp.) [°superl. nǽstr] ‘near, nearer, next...’næsta 25/7

nættingr (noun m.)nættings 5/8

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 13/3

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 4/3, 10/7, 24/4

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 1/3, 1/5, 5/3, 11/1, 19/6

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 6/4, 9/7, 12/3, 12/8, 15/6, 15/8, 21/4, 22/4, 24/7

opt (adv.) ‘often...’ — 5/2, 12/2

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 19/6, orði 3/4

ormr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘serpent...’orms 4/8

Óláfr (noun m.) ‘Óláfr...’Ôleifi 19/8, Ôleifi 21/2, Ôleifi 22/2, Ôleifs 23/1

ónn (noun m.) ‘sword...’ón 16/2

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 11/3

óss (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘estuary, mouth...’ós*a 1/7

ótrauðr (adj.) ‘not reluctant...’ — 13/4

prúðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘magnificent, proud...’prúða 2/6, prútt 22/6

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’rauðar 22/5, rauðum 24/1

raz (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘°ende, bagdel, rumpe, anus...’raza 9/4

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’réðk 2/1, réðk 13/3, Réðu 22/5, ræðr 24/2

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’regns 16/4

2reifr (adj.) ‘happy...’ — 19/8, 21/2, 22/2

rekinn (noun m.) ‘[inlaid, Rekinn]...’rekin 23/3

rekkr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man, champion...’ — 7/6

reyna (verb) ‘test, try, experience...’reyndr 23/7

1réttr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘right, entitlement...’réttar 10/8

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ — 15/5

3rjóðr (adj.) ‘red...’ — 24/1

runnr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘bush, tree...’ruðr 20/8, runni 1/6

rýrir (noun m.) ‘diminsher, destroyer...’rýri 7/5

rœkir (noun m.) ‘[keeper]...’ — 15/5

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’randa 7/5, randar 15/6, randir 22/6, 15/7

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 14/5, þat 20/7, þats 10/2, þaus 18/2, þeim 6/8, þeim 11/6, þeir 22/5, þess 5/2, þess 7/1, því 4/2, þvís 2/1

2sár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’ — 1/3, 21/3, sára 1/8, sôrum 25/3

sárr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘sore, painful; wounded...’sáran 24/4

sás (conj.) ‘the one who...’ — 3/1, 4/7

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’ — 19/6

2seimr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘gold...’seima 6/8

sekða (verb)sekðu 14/2

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’setti 9/7

setr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘seat, abode...’setrs 8/4, setrs 24/3

sex (num. cardinal) ‘six...’ — 16/1

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 23/8

siklingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’siklings 1/4

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sinna 18/6

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 10/6

síz (conj.) ‘since...’ — 16/1

sjaldan (adv.) ‘seldom...’ — 10/7

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’sjalfan 23/6

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’sák 23/5, sér 11/1, sér 21/1

sjón (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘eyes, sight...’sjónir 9/8

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’ 10/7

skalm (noun f.) ‘sword...’ — 19/4

2skapa (verb) ‘form...’skapat 6/6

skáld (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘poet...’skald 21/6, skǫldum 20/2

1skelkr (noun m.) ‘fear, ?fun, frightened...’skelknir 19/3

1skipa (verb) ‘change, place...’skipar 4/6

skína (verb) ‘shine...’Skínn 21/5

skjaldborg (noun f.) ‘shield-wall...’skjaldborgu 4/8

skjǫldr (noun m.) [°skjaldar/skildar, dat. skildi; skildir, acc. skjǫldu] ‘shield...’skjaldi 1/2, skildi 21/5, skjaldar 4/2

skopt (noun n.) ‘hair...’ — 6/4

skopta (verb)Skoptak 9/1

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skal 3/1, skal 18/7, skalk 10/8, skyldi 7/3, skyldut 19/3, skyli 19/6

1skutill (noun m.) [°-s, dat. skutli] ‘[trencher]...’skutli 4/1

Skǫgul (noun f.) ‘Skǫgul...’ — 24/2

skǫr (noun f.) [°skarar; skarir] ‘hair, planking...’skarar 16/8, 5/6

skǫrungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘champion...’ — 13/8

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíks 10/8, slíkt 12/6

slœkinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[weakling]...’slœkni 19/5

smiðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘smithy, something crafted...’ — 7/8

sókn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘attack, fight...’ — 19/5

spor (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘track...’ — 24/8

1staðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s; -ir] ‘place...’stǫðum 23/4

standa (verb) ‘stand...’ — 22/6, stóðk 7/5

starf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘exertion, task, trouble ...’ — 3/8

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’ — 16/4, stáls 6/3, stôl 23/3

stef (noun n.) [°; -] ‘refrain...’stefja 7/8

stikill (noun m.) [°dat. stikli; stiklar] ‘(Stikle-)...’Stiklar 23/3

stiklandi (noun m.) ‘[dispenser, shooter]...’ — 19/2

1strá (noun n.) [°; -] ‘[straw]...’ — 5/4

strengja (verb) ‘[test, made]...’Strengði 7/1

stundum (adv.) ‘at times, sometimes...’ — 16/3

styrr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘battle...’styr 16/3

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’sundi 9/2

svanni (noun m.) ‘lady, woman...’ — 25/4

svara (verb) ‘answer...’svarar 3/3

svartr (adj.) ‘black...’svarta 5/6, svarta 6/4, svartan 8/8

svell (noun n.) [°; -] ‘ice...’svells 6/7

sverðél (noun n.) ‘[a sword-storm]...’sverðéls 14/6

1svíða (verb) ‘cause pain, burn...’ — 24/8

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sœki 14/5

sœkjandi (noun m.) [°-a; -endr] ‘[attacker]...’ — 15/2

sǫngr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -vi/-; -var] ‘song...’sǫngs 1/3

tafn (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘carrion...’ — 20/6

2taka (verb) ‘take...’hafi 18/5, tœkir 15/2, tókk 2/5

tangi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘°del af kniv/sværd som går ind i skaftet...’tanga 14/7

tega (verb) ‘prove ready...’tegask 18/3

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 12/4, 13/2, 13/7, 21/6

tívar (noun m.) ‘gods...’tívum 14/5

2torg (noun n.) [°-s] ‘market-place...’ — 4/8

troða (verb) ‘tread...’trezk 5/1

trolli (noun m.) [°-a]trolla 13/1

tún (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘homefield, enclosure...’túna 11/2

Týr (noun m.) ‘Týr...’ 6/6, 16/2

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’Ulli 9/5

1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’umb 1/7

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 22/5

undir (prep.) ‘under...’ — 5/1

2undr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wonder, marvel...’undar 9/2, Undrs 6/1

undra (verb) ‘be surprised, amazed...’Undrask 25/1

ungr (adj.) ‘young...’ — 11/6

2unz (conj.) ‘until...’ — 20/1

uppi (adv.) ‘up, up in...’ — 9/1

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 15/7

vaða (verb) ‘advance, wade...’óð 23/2

valda (verb) ‘cause...’ — 18/8, valdit 8/3, veldr 24/5

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 20/2

1valr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ir] ‘corpse, the slain...’val 20/6

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’varga 8/4, varga 10/5

varliga (adv.) ‘barely...’ — 16/6

2varr (adj.) ‘wary...’vart 5/6

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’óxu 16/1, vex 19/4

vágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘sea, wave...’vága 20/7

ván (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘hope, expectation...’vánir 10/4

vápn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weapon...’vápna 24/7

várr (pron.) [°f. ór/vár; pl. órir/várir] ‘our...’órum 3/6

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’veðrs 9/6

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’vák 13/1, vegna 16/4

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’veitim 20/5, veitti 4/7

veitir (noun m.) ‘giver...’veiti 7/4

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’s 6/6, emk 10/5, emk 16/3, emk 16/5, Emka 24/1, erum 3/5, es 5/3, róm 25/2, vas 13/7, vas 22/1, vas 23/1, vas 23/7, vôrum 21/1, væri 12/4

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’ — 14/6, verðr 25/3

3verðr (adj.) ‘worth, worthy...’ — 10/5

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’ — 18/4

verk (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘deed...’ — 12/5

1verpa (verb) ‘to throw, cast (up)...’urpum 1/2

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’oss 4/7, 3/5, 4/4, 16/7, 18/2, 20/5, 21/1, 25/2

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 2/7, 8/4, 9/3, 9/8, 15/3, 16/3, 19/5

viggr (noun m.) ‘horse...’vigg 20/8

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vilk 15/5

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’orðinn 16/6, unnit 12/5, vannk 14/3, 12/6

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vinir 8/6

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veitk 4/5

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’víð 10/6

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 21/2

vígi (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘manslaughter, killing...’ — 8/3

víkja (verb) ‘turn...’víksk 20/7

1vísa (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘verse...’vísur 2/4

víti (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘punishment...’ — 2/8

vætta (verb) ‘expect...’ — 10/8, vættak 5/8, vættik 25/8, vættir 20/3

ýr (noun m.) ‘yew, yew-bow, bow...’Ýs 18/5

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 13/2, 13/5, 22/3

þats (conj.) ‘that, which...’ — 7/7

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 1/2, 2/5

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 9/1

þegja (verb) ‘be silent...’þegit 15/4

1þekkja (verb) ‘perceive, know...’ — 7/6

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’ — 3/2

þiðurr (noun m.) [°þiðurs; þiðrar] ‘grouse, capercaillie...’ — 22/7

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’ — 20/4, þingi 7/1, þingi 8/2, þingi 19/7, þingi 22/4

þinn (pron.) [°f. þín, n. þitt] ‘your...’þína 12/8

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 11/4

þollr (noun m.) ‘fir-tree...’þolla 23/5, þolli 8/7, 4/3, 13/1, þollum 6/7

1þorn (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘thorn...’þorna 2/5

þó (adv.) ‘though...’ — 3/6, 8/5, 16/5, 16/7

Þórðr (noun m.) ‘Þórðr...’ — 13/6

Þórgeirr (noun m.) ‘[Thorgeirr]...’Þórgeirs 8/6

Þórgrímr (noun m.) ‘[Þorgrímr]...’Þórgrím 13/1

Þórkell (noun m.) ‘[Þorkell]...’Þorkel 13/5

þótt (conj.) ‘although...’ — 20/5

1þrá (noun f.) ‘longing, yearning...’ — 7/2

þremjar (noun f.) ‘parts of a sword?...’þremja 6/7

þrítigr (adj.) ‘thirty...’þrítøgr 16/8

Þrúðr (noun f.) ‘Þrúðr...’ — 2/6

Þrœndr (noun m.) [°; þrǿndir/þrǿndr] ‘people from Tröndelag...’þrœndir 18/6

þrøngva (verb) ‘press, throng...’þryngr 19/1

2þurfa (verb) ‘need, be necessary...’Þarf 3/1

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’þér 3/1, þér 10/6, þér 15/5, Þér 20/1, 10/3, 20/3

þvít (conj.) ‘because, since...’ — 5/7, 6/5

2þykkja (verb) ‘seem, think...’þóttumk 15/1

ǫglir (noun m.) ‘hawk...’ǫglis 25/1

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’ — 19/4

ǫlunn (noun m.) ‘[fish]...’ǫluns 10/4

2ǫnd (noun f.) [°andar, dat. ǫnd/ǫndu; andir] ‘soul, breath...’ — 13/6

ǫr (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; ǫrvar/ǫrar] ‘arrow...’ — 19/2, ǫrva 25/4

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’Ǫrt 23/1

ǫrvendi (noun f.) — 5/1

ǫrvendr (adj.) ‘[left-handed]...’ǫrvendan 21/8

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