Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Teaching Texts (Teach)

ed. Tarrin Wills;

4. Hrólfs saga kraka — chs 34-35 (Hr) - 27

not in Skj

Download the companion handbook (Tarrin Wills) here: Introduction to Old Norse.

The skaldic database has been adapted here to include prose texts for teaching purposes. The text of Hrólfs saga is from Guðni Jónsson’s edition in Fornaldar sögur norðurlanda (1954); Skáldskaparmál is based on the text in Anthony Faulkes’s Viking Society edition; Laxdœla saga and Grœnlendinga saga are taken from the Íslenzk fornrit series. The text of Vǫlsunga saga is from Gordon’s Introduction to Old Norse, with incest restored. The first section of Hrólfs saga includes a close, unidiomatic parallel translation by Tarrin Wills. The glossary has also been produced by Tarrin Wills.

Select an individual section of text by clicking on the numbers next to the texts on the right. Once you have selected a section of text, moving the mouse cursor over a word will give the headword, grammatical information about the word, and notes where they are included.

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Hrólfs saga kraka — chs 34-35

Not published: do not cite ()

prose sections:  34.1   34.2   34.3   34.4   34.5   34.6   34.7   34.8   34.9   34.10   34.11   34.12   34.13   34.14   35.1   35.2   35.3   35.4   35.5   35.6   35.7   35.8   35.9   35.10   35.11   35.12   35.13 

1 — Prose: Hr 34.1

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance grammar quiz


This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

Síðan síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’
ferr fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
Bǫðvarr Bǫðvarr (noun m.) ‘Bǫðvarr...’nom.
leið leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’acc. sg.
sína 3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’acc. f. sg.
til til (prep.) ‘to...’
Hleiðargarðs. Hleiðrargarðr (noun m.) ‘[Hleiðargarðr]...’gen.
Hann hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. m. sg.
kemr koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
til til (prep.) ‘to...’
konungs konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’gen. sg.
atsetu. atseta (noun f.) [°-u] ‘residence...’gen. sg.
Bǫðvarr Bǫðvarr (noun m.) ‘Bǫðvarr...’nom. sg.
leiðir 2leiða (verb) [-dd] ‘lead; (-sk) grow tired...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
þegar þegar (adv.) ‘at once, then...’
hest hestr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘horse, stallion...’acc. sg.
sinn 3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’acc. m. sg.
á 3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’
stall stallr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘seat, stall, support...’acc. sg.
hjá hjá (prep.) ‘beside, with...’
konungs konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’gen. sg.
hestum hestr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘horse, stallion...’dat. pl.
hinum 2inn (art.) ‘the...’dat. m. pl.
beztu betri (adj. comp.) [°superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.] ‘better, best...’dat. m. pl. weak; superlative;
ok 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
spyrr spyrja (verb) [spurði] ‘ask; hear, find out...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
øngvan 2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’acc. m. sg.
at; 3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’
gekk 2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
síðan síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’
inn 1inn (adv.) ‘in, inside...’
í í (prep.) ‘in, into...’
hǫll, 1hǫll (noun f.) [°hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir] ‘hall...’acc. sg.
ok 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
var 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pret. pl.
þar þar (adv.) ‘there...’
fátt 3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’nom. n. sg.
manna. maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’gen. pl.
Hann hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. m. sg.
sezk sitja (verb) ‘sit...’3rd pers. pres. sg. middle
útarliga, útarliga (adv.) ‘[near entrance]...’
ok 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
sem sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’
hann hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. m. sg.
hefr hafa (verb) ‘have...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
setit sitja (verb) ‘sit...’pret. participle;
þar þar (adv.) ‘there...’
nǫkkra nøkkurr (pron.) ‘some, a certain...’acc. f. sg.
hríð, hríð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time, storm...’acc. sg.
heyrir 2heyra (verb) ‘hear...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
hann hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. m. sg.
þrausk þrǫsk (noun n.) ‘noise...’acc. sg.
nokkut nøkkurr (pron.) ‘some, a certain...’acc. n. sg.
útar útarr (adv.) ‘further out...’
í í (prep.) ‘in, into...’
hornit horn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘horn...’acc. sg. definite form;
í í (prep.) ‘in, into...’
einhverjum einhverr (pron.) [°dat. ·hverjum; gen. ·hverra] ‘a certain...’dat. m. sg.
stað. 1staðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s; -ir] ‘place...’dat. sg.
Bǫðvarr Bǫðvarr (noun m.) ‘Bǫðvarr...’nom.
lítr líta (verb) ‘look, see; appear...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
þangat þangat (adv.) ‘there, thither...’
ok 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
sér, 2sjá (verb) ‘see...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
at 4at (conj.) ‘that...’
mannshǫnd mannshǫnd (noun f.) ‘man’s hand...’nom. sg.
kemr koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
upp upp (adv.) ‘up...’
ór 3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’
mikilli mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’dat. f. sg.
beinahrúgu, beinahrúga (noun f.) [°-u] ‘bone-pile...’dat. sg.
er 2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’
þar þar (adv.) ‘there...’
lá. liggja (verb) ‘lie...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
Hǫndin hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’nom. sg. definite form;
var 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
svǫrt svartr (adj.) ‘black...’nom. f. sg.
mjǫk. mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’


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© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.