Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

2. Poem about Haraldr hárfagri (Har) - 5

Skj info: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, Norsk skjald, 9 årh. (AI, 7-21, BI, 7-19).

Skj poems:
1. Ynglingatal
2. Haustlǫng
3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte
4. Lausavísur

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Poem about Haraldr hárfagri — Þjóð HarI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Poem about Haraldr hárfagri’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 60.

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Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 3. Et digt om Harald hårfagre, næppe ægte (AI, 20-1, BI, 18-19)

in texts: Flat, Fsk, HarHárf

SkP info: I, 60

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

1. Flat - 76ra/36-76ra/37 (RDF)
Margir geordu millding snaran hraustir menn heim at sækía . æigi sidr o᷎d | ling fylgdu gamler menn ok gerduzst kærir.
2. Flat - 76ra/37-76ra/39 (RDF)
Nam miníngr marga speki | af gomlum monnum sa er gull mídlade uar astudigr ollu folkí upplann | da gramr af o᷎rleik sinum.
3. Flat - 76ra/39-76ra/41 (RDF)
Gaf go᷎rpum sínum gull hit ʀauda hilmir | hrodígr ok hringa marga bryníur biartar ok brannda huassa skíolldu | skygda ok skrautbuna.
4. Flat - 76vb/58-76vb/60 (RDF)
Leiddizst þa fyr lufu | leíngr at halldazst hessa drott ok hofdíngíum flyde huerr sem | fara matte hraustra uikinga ór hafrs firde .
5. 301x - 6r/22-6r/23 (TW)
Þa var lofdungr lụṿạ kallaðr | erifylkis [... cár oxu vallt var ḳạḷlaðr með konungs nafne Haraldr (harfagri | ...mir siðan)
FskAx - 19/1-19/3 (TW)
Þa var lofðungr | lufa kallaðr | er i fylkis |
52x - 8r/11-8r/11 (TW)
Þa var lofþungr |
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