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Þjóðólfr ór Hvini (Þjóð)

9th century; volume 1; ed. Edith Marold;

III. 1. Haustlǫng (Haustl) - 20

Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, or inn hvinverski, ‘from Hvinir’ (Þjóð) was a Norwegian skald of the late ninth or early tenth century. As his nickname indicates, he was from Hvinir (Kvinesdal, Vest-Agder). His biography is largely unknown. Skáldatal names him as poet to several rulers and powerful men: Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ and Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhár or heiðumhæri ‘High with Honours’ (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273), Hákon jarl Grjótgarðsson (ibid., 256, 265, 280), Þorleifr inn spaki ‘the Wise’ (ibid., 259, 268, 285), Strút-Haraldr jarl (ibid., 259, 284) and an unknown Sveinn jarl (ibid., 268). However, the associations with Hákon, Strút-Haraldr and Þorleifr are uncertain since they may have lived later in the tenth century; see Bugge (1894, 145, 175); Åkerlund (1939, 7). In Hkr, both within the Prologue (ÍF 26, 4) and in HHárf (ÍF 26, 127-8, 139), Þjóðólfr is represented as skald and friend to Haraldr hárfagri and as a dedicated foster-father to Haraldr’s son Guðrøðr ljómi ‘Beam of Light’. It is in this context that he speaks the two lausavísur associated with him (Þjóð Lv 1-2). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini is the composer of the poems Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) and Haustlǫng (Þjóð HaustlIII, edited in SkP III). Five stanzas of a poem dedicated to Haraldr hárfagri (Þjóð Har) are also attributed to him. Several stanzas of Haraldskvæði (Þhorn Harkv) are falsely attributed to Þjóðólfr; see Introduction to Harkv. Finally, a fragment (Þjóðólfr FragIII) edited in SkP III is likely to be the work of a different Þjóðólfr, though it is tentatively associated with Þjóð Yt in Skj; see Introduction to Yt.

Haustlǫng — Þjóð HaustlIII

Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 431.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20 

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski: 2. Haustlǫng (AI, 16-20, BI, 14-18)

in texts: LaufE, LaufE, Skm, SnE

SkP info: III, 431

notes: in SnE

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

line types
A/52
A2/51
E42

-brotinn (adj.) ‘[broken]...’brotin 19/1

-hugaðr (adj.) ‘-minded...’hugaðr 12/5

-liga (adv.) ‘-ly...’liga 6/1

1-riði (noun m.) ‘-rider...’riða 19/8

(non-lexical) (unclassified) 1/3, * 3/3

(unknown) (unclassified)Eind 19/8, tal 3/2

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 3/8, 4/3, 5/5, 6/3

aka (verb) [°ekr; ók, óku; ekinn/akiðr(Búal³ 34¹‰)] ‘drive...’Ók 14/5

akr (noun m.) [°akrs, dat. akri; akrar] ‘field...’akrs 9/5

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allar 10/5, ǫll 7/3, ǫll 15/1

andr (noun m.) [°; andrar] ‘ski...’ǫndur 7/4

aptr (adv.) [°compar. -ar] ‘back...’apt 12/2, 11/8

1armr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘arm...’arma 7/2

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 1/1, 1/4, 2/2, 5/6, 10/2, 10/6, 12/7, 13/8, 14/5, 15/8, 19/4, 20/8

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 17/8

auga (noun n.) [°auga; augu/augun, gen. augna] ‘eye...’eygja 7/3

1auka (verb) [°eykr; jók, jóku/juku] ‘(str. intrans.) increase...’aukinn 12/4

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/7, 2/8, 13/5, 14/3, 18/4, 20/5

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 6/5, 20/1

2ár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘year, year’s abundance...’ — 2/6

2Áss (noun m.) [°áss, dat. ási/ás; ásar] ‘god...’ása 5/7, ása 9/3, ása 12/2, ásar 4/4, æsir 2/5

áttrunnr (noun m.) ‘[kinsman]...’ — 9/4

2baga (verb) ‘[caused injury]...’bagði 18/7

Baldr (noun m.) ‘[Baldr, Baldur]...’Baldrs 16/1

ballr (adj.) ‘very bold, baleful ...’ballastan 6/6

band (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘band, bond...’bǫnd 17/2, bǫndum 7/4

bani (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘death, killer...’bana 16/8

barmi (noun m.) ‘brother...’ — 16/1

barn (noun n.) [°-s; bǫrn/barn(JKr 345³), dat. bǫrnum/barnum] ‘child...’barni 12/7

baugr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ring...’baugi 14/4, Baugs 13/7, Baugs 20/7

1bára (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘wave...’bôru 3/6

bein (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘bone...’beins 16/6

beini (noun m.) [°-a] ‘hospitality...’beina 3/2

1bekkr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘bench...’bekkjar 9/5

Beli (noun m.) ‘Beli...’Belja 18/3

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bôru 2/6

berg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rock, cliff...’ — 16/2, 18/7

biðill (noun m.) [°dat. biðli; biðlar] ‘[suitor, wooer]...’biðils 13/3

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’bað 4/1, bað 5/1, bað 9/1, 8/8

bif (noun n.) ‘quivering...’bifum 13/7, bifum 20/7

2bifa (verb) [°-að-] ‘shudder, tremble...’bif 13/8, bif 20/8

binda (verb) [°bindr; batt/bant(cf. [$332$]), bundu; bundinn] ‘bind, tie...’bundu 11/4

bíða (verb) [°bíðr; beið, biðu; beðit] ‘wait, suffer, experience...’ — 17/8

bjalfi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[skin, hide]...’bjalfa 12/4

bjarg (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘mountain, cliff...’bjarga 2/7, bjarga 17/1, bjǫrg 16/3

bjartr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’bjartra 10/1

1bjóðr (noun m.) ‘table, ground...’bjóði 5/5

bjǫrn (noun m.) [°bjarnar, dat. birni; birnir, acc. bjǫrnu] ‘bear, Bjǫrn...’ — 6/4

blað (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘blade, leaf...’blaðs 12/6

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’ — 4/4

bleyði (noun f.) [°-] ‘cowardice...’ — 2/8

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’blóði 19/8

blóði (noun m.) ‘blood-brother...’blóða 14/7

bolmr (noun m.) ‘[bear, mighty one]...’bolm 18/4

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’borða 10/1

bragðvíss (adj.) ‘[cunning]...’ — 5/6

bráðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘quick(ly)...’Brátt 17/1

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðu 5/5

2brenna (verb) [°brennr/brenn; brann, brunnu; brunninn] ‘(strong, intransitive)...’brann 16/4, brinna 13/2, brinna 15/4

1bresta (verb) [°brestr; brast, brustu; brostinn] ‘burst, split...’brustu 16/3

Brísingr (noun m.) ‘Brísingr...’Brísings 9/6

brjótr (noun m.) ‘breaker...’ — 18/8

brunnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘spring, well...’Brunn 9/5

brú (noun f.) [°-ar; brúar/brýr/brúr(Hák81 557ˆ)] ‘bridge, causeway...’ — 1/2, 13/6

burr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘son...’burar 19/6

byggjandi (noun m.) [°-a; byggendr] ‘[inhabitants]...’byggvendr 10/2

byrgi (noun n.) [°-s; -, dat. byrgjum] ‘refuge...’ — 2/7

bǫl (noun n.) [°-s, dat. bǫlvi] ‘evil...’ — 18/3, 20/4

bǫrr (noun m.) ‘tree...’b*ǫr 14/3

Danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Dana 18/7

2deila (verb) [°-ld-] ‘share out, deal...’ — 4/2, 5/4

dís (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘dís, woman...’dísi 9/6, dísir 17/4

djúpr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘deep...’djúp 6/5

dolgr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘enemy, battle...’dolg 6/6, dolgi 16/2

2draga (verb) [°dregr; dró, drógu; dreginn/droget(Hirð NKS 1642 4° 146v²⁹; cf. [$962$])] ‘drag, pull, draw...’drógu 15/6

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’ — 17/6

drepa (verb) [°drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn] ‘kill, strike...’dræpi 6/5

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’ — 5/1

dynja (verb) [°dunði] ‘resound...’dunði 14/6

eðr (adv.) ‘still...’ — 14/1, 19/5

eiki (noun n.) ‘oak, oak ship...’ — 6/3

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ 1/5

1ekkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur, gen. ekkna] ‘widow, woman...’ — 15/7

elli (noun f.) [°-] ‘old age...’ — 9/3

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 7/7, 13/3, 14/6, 15/1, 18/7, Enn 5/5

4en (conj.) ‘than...’ — 13/1

endi (noun m.) ‘end...’enda 7/8, 15/2

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 14/1, s 4/7, sás 7/3, þars 2/5, Þats 13/5, þás 9/3, þás 15/5, þás 16/7

ern (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘powerful...’ — 12/7

2eta (verb) [°; -ur] ‘eat...’át 6/3

faðir (noun m.) ‘father...’ — 6/4, 8/4, 12/8

2falda (verb) ‘cover, clothe...’faldinn 3/4

falla (verb) ‘fall...’ — 18/1

fang (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘grasp, tunic...’ — 8/2, fangs 6/8

far (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘travel, vessel, trace, life, conduct...’ — 1/6

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’farnir 4/8

farmr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘cargo...’ — 7/2

fastr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘firm, fast...’ — 7/1

fat (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘garments...’fats 1/8

3 (verb) [°præt. part. fáðr] ‘paint...’fáða 13/7, fáða 20/7, fátt 13/5

Fárbauti (noun m.) ‘Fárbauti...’Fárbauta 5/2

fet (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘paw, step...’ — 4/2

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’fundu 11/2

Finnr (noun m.) ‘Saami (person)...’Finns 13/6

fjalfr (noun n.) ‘[hiding-place]...’fjalfrs 18/2

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’ — 4/1, fjalla 13/5

fjórir (num. cardinal) ‘four...’fjóra 5/8

fjǫðr (noun f.) ‘feather...’fjaðrar 12/6

fjǫl- ((prefix)) ‘very-...’fjǫl 17/8

fjǫr (noun n.) ‘life...’ — 18/1

2fljótr (adj.) ‘quick...’Fljótt 5/1

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’fló 2/1, Fló 8/1, fló 17/1

2flug (noun n.) ‘flight, ?precipice...’ — 12/4

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’foldar 5/1

forn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘ancient, old...’fornum 3/8

fóstri (noun m.) ‘foster-brother, foster-father, foster-so...’fóstra 7/1

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’framm 15/6

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’framra 1/5

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 17/5

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frák 16/5

2frekr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘greedy...’ — 4/6

Freyr (noun m.) ‘(a god)...’Freys 10/6

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’friðar 8/8

fróðugr (adj.) ‘[wise]...’fróðgum 8/1

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’fundi 15/8

fylla (verb) ‘fill...’fyllar 4/1

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 6/2, 15/2, 18/6

2fœra (verb) ‘bring...’ — 9/2

fǫlr (adj.) [°fǫlvan] ‘pale...’ — 17/3

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’ — 13/4

1gala (verb) ‘chant, inchant...’gœli 20/4

gamall (adj.) [°gamlan; compar. & superl. „ ellri adj.] ‘old...’gamlar 10/8, gǫmlum 2/3

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’gekk 15/7

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’garða 9/7, garði 20/6

Gefjun (noun f.) ‘Gefjun...’ — 20/2

Gefn (noun f.) ‘Gefn...’Gefnar 2/6, Gefnar 11/2, Gefnar 11/4

Geitir (noun m.) ‘Geitir...’Geitis 20/5

gemlir (noun m.) ‘eagle, hawk, old one...’gemlis 2/3

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’Gerðusk 10/5, gǫru 1/7

gil (noun n.) ‘ravine...’gilja 18/5

ginn (noun n.) ‘vast, mighty...’ — 13/2

ginnungi (noun m.) ‘[abyss, hawks, hawk]...’ginnunga 15/4

gjald (noun n.) ‘payment, reward, return...’gjǫldum 1/1

gjalfr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘surge, waves...’gjalfra 18/2

gjǫrð (noun f.) ‘girdle...’girði 9/7

glammi (noun m.) ‘babble...’glamma 2/4

goð (noun n.) ‘(pagan) god...’goða 4/8, goða 9/6, goðs 7/4

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’gótt 1/1

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 18/6

gráp (noun n.) ‘hail...’grápi 15/3

Greip (noun f.) ‘Greip...’Greipar 13/4

grjót (noun n.) ‘rock, stone...’ — 9/8

Grjótún (noun n.) ‘Grjótún...’Grjótúna 14/4

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’ — 15/3, grundar 18/5, Grundar 19/4

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunn 1/2

gylðir (noun m.) ‘wolf...’ — 4/1

gætir (noun m.) ‘guardian...’gæti 17/1

gǫrla (adv.) ‘quite, fully...’ — 20/5

hafr (noun m.) [°hafrs/-s(SnEU 56¹⁹), dat. hafri; hafrar] ‘goat...’hafrar 15/5

haft (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘fetter...’hapta 3/3

haftr (noun m.) ‘god...’hapta 11/8

Haki (noun m.) ‘Haki...’Haka 16/6

1hamarr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. hamri; hamrar] ‘hammer, cliff...’hamri 18/6

hamr (noun m.) [°dat. -; dat. *-um] ‘skin, shape, form...’ham 2/3, ham 10/8

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’hônum 3/7, hônum 14/8

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harð 19/1, hǫrðum 17/5

haugr (noun m.) [°-s, -i; -ar] ‘mound, cairn...’haugs 14/4

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’hauks 12/4

hauss (noun m.) [°hauss, dat. hausi/haus; hausar] ‘skull...’hausi 19/6

2hár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘hair...’hárs 20/2

hárr (adj.) ‘grey...’hárar 10/7

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’Hófu 13/1

heilagr (adj.) [°helgan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘holy, sacred...’helgum 4/3

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heim 19/2

hein (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘whetstone...’ — 19/4

heldr (adv.) ‘rather...’ — 10/7

hellir (noun m.) [°-s/hells, dat. -i; -ar, acc. -a/-ra] ‘cave...’hellis 14/3

herðr (noun f.) [°-ar(Thom² 447¹³); -ar] ‘shoulder...’herða 6/7

1herja (noun f.) ‘Herja, female follower ...’herju 19/1

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’her 6/8

2heyra (verb) ‘hear...’Heyrðak 12/1

2Hildr (noun f.) ‘Hildr...’Hildar 1/8

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’ — 16/4

hirðir (noun m.) [°hirðis/hirðirs, dat. & acc. hirði; hirðar/hirðir] ‘guardian, keeper, pastor...’hirði 6/7

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’hjalm 3/4

hjarni (noun m.) ‘brain...’hjarna 19/3

1hlíð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘slope...’hliðum 20/1

hljóta (verb) ‘alot, gain...’hlaut 4/3

hlutr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘part, thing...’hluti 5/8

2hlýr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cheek, bow...’hlýri 1/7

hníga (verb) ‘sink, fall...’hneigi 20/1, hné 18/5

hollr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘loyal...’ — 3/8, holls 7/7

holmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘island, islet...’holmi 18/4

1hóf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘court, temple...’hof 15/5

hógr (adj.) ‘comfortable...’hóg 15/6

hrafn (noun m.) [°hrafns; dat. hrafni; hrafnar] ‘raven...’ — 4/4

hraun (noun n.) [°; -] ‘lava field...’ — 17/6

1hreinn (noun m.) [°; hreinar] ‘reindeer...’ — 3/2

2hreinn (adj.) [°compar. hreinari/hreinni, superl. hreinastr/hreinstr] ‘pure...’hrein 1/7

1hrinda (verb) ‘launch, propell...’hrundin 15/3

hrista (verb) ‘shake...’hristusk 16/3

Hrungnir (noun m.) ‘Hrungnir proper name...’Hrungnis 15/8

2hryggr (adj.) [°-van/-jan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri; superl. -astr] ‘sorrowful, sad...’hryggvir 10/2

hrynja (verb) ‘fall, flow...’hryn 11/1

hræ (noun n.) [°; -] ‘corpse, carrion...’hræva 11/1

hrœrir (noun m.) ‘[mover, leader]...’hrœri 9/1

1hrøkkva (verb) ‘coil...’ — 16/5

hugaðr (adj.) — 6/5

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 12/3

hundr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘hound, dog...’hund 11/2

hvalr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ir/-ar] ‘whale...’hval 5/4

hvat (pron.) ‘what...’ — 3/3

hvatr (adj.) [°-ari, -an; -astr] ‘keen, brave...’hvats 8/7

hvé (adv.) ‘how...’ — 1/1

hvína (verb) ‘whistle, (fly) whining...’hvein 19/3

Hymir (noun m.) ‘Hymir...’Hymis 9/4

hyrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’hyrjar 14/3

hœli (noun n.) ‘[refuge, boasting]...’ — 20/4

Hœnir (noun m.) ‘Hœnir...’Hœnis 3/7, Hœnis 7/7, Hœnis 12/3

hǫgg (noun n.) [°-s, dat. hǫggvi/hǫggi; -] ‘blow...’hǫggs 17/5

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendr 7/8

iða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘[Iðunn, actions]...’ 10/3

il (noun f.) [°; -jar] ‘footsole...’ilja 13/6, iljar 17/3

Ingi (noun m.) ‘king, Ingi...’Ingvi 10/6

2inn (art.) ‘the...’it 20/3

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 2/3, 7/4, 9/7, 13/4, 19/3, 19/5

ímun (noun f.) ‘battle...’ — 17/3

ísarn (noun n.) [°; -] ‘iron...’ — 14/5

íss (noun m.) [°íss; dat. ísi/ís; ísar] ‘ice...’ — 17/4

2Jǫrð (noun f.) ‘Jǫrð...’Jarðar 14/6

jǫrmun- ((prefix)) ‘[Jǫrmun, mighty]...’jǫrmun 18/8

Jǫtunheimr (noun m.) ‘the land of the giants...’Jǫtunheima 7/6

jǫtunn (noun m.) [°jǫtuns, dat. jǫtni; jǫtnar] ‘giant...’jǫtna 14/1, jǫtnum 10/3

kast (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘wood pile...’kastar 3/6

kleif (noun f.) [°; -ar] ‘cliff...’ — 1/4, 13/8, 20/8

knega (verb) ‘to know, understand, be able to...’Knôttu 15/1

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kom 9/5, komin 10/4

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kunni 9/4

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kvað 3/3

lami (adj.) [°indecl.] ‘[battering]...’lama 17/8

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langan 8/2, lǫngu 6/2

lágr (adj.) [°comp. lǽgri, superl. lǽgstr] ‘low...’lôg 15/2

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 4/5, lét 14/2, lét 18/1

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lagði 5/6, lagði 12/5, 1/2

2leiða (verb) [-dd] ‘lead; (-sk) grow tired...’leiðir 11/6

leiði (noun n.) [°-s] ‘grave...’ — 11/3

1leika (noun f.) [°-u] ‘playmate...’leiku 12/2

1leikr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘sport, play...’leik 12/6, leiki 14/5

lengi (adv.) ‘for a long time...’ — 17/6

líta (verb) ‘look, see; appear...’lítk 20/5

ljótr (adj.) ‘ugly...’ljót 10/8

Loftr (noun m.) ‘[Loptr, loft]...’Loptr 8/6

Loki (noun m.) ‘[to Loki, Loki]...’ — 11/8

2lómr (noun m.) ‘deceit...’lóm 12/5

1lundr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘grove, tree...’lund 11/4

2lyf (noun n.) [°; -, dat. lyfjum] ‘[medicine]...’ — 9/3

(noun n.) ‘deceit, treachery...’læva 11/3

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’manna 16/4

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’Marg 3/5

2marr (noun m.) ‘horse...’mar 2/6

mágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘brother-, father-, or son-in-law...’mági 15/2

1mála (noun f.) ‘[speech]...’môlu 8/7

máni (noun m.) [°-a] ‘moon...’mána 14/8

már (noun m.) ‘gull...’môr 3/6

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 5/3, 8/1, 10/3

meðal (prep.) ‘between...’ — 3/2, 6/7

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’mátti 8/7

Meili (noun m.) ‘Meili...’Meila 4/2, Meila 14/7

Miðjungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘Miðjungr, giants...’Miðjungs 8/8

minn (pron.) [°f. mín, n. mitt] ‘my...’minni 13/6

mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’ — 16/5

1móðr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-] ‘courage...’ — 14/7

móti (prep.) ‘against...’ — 2/2, 16/5

munr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i] ‘mind, pleasure...’mun 11/7

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mundi 8/4

2myrkr (adj.) [°-an/-jan/-van; compar. -(v)ari/-ri, superl. -(v)astr] ‘dark, murky...’myrk 16/6

1mæla (verb) ‘speak, say...’ — 3/5, mælir 11/6

mœnir (noun m.) [°-s] ‘[roof-ridge, ridge]...’mœni 19/3

mær (noun f.) [°meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar] ‘maiden...’mey 9/2, mey 11/8

2mærr (adj.) ‘famous...’mæra 11/7

mǫgr (noun m.) [°; megir, acc. mǫgu] ‘son, boy...’mǫg 5/2

Mǫrn (noun f.) ‘Mǫrn...’Mǫrnar 6/4, Mǫrnar 12/8

nagr (noun m.) ‘bird...’ — 8/3

nautr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘companion; treasure...’naut* 8/7

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’nam 3/5

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 11/5

Níðuðr (noun m.) ‘Níðuðr...’Níðaðar 9/8

nýr (adj.) [°nýjan; compar. nýrri, superl. nýjastr] ‘new...’ 10/4

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’of 1/6, 8/2

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 3/5, 8/5, 8/6, 9/5, 13/5, 14/1, 14/2, 16/1, 17/7, 19/7, 20/6

ofan (adv.) ‘down...’ofan 4/6, 6/8

1ok (noun n.) [°; -] ‘yoke...’ — 6/4

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 1/8, 6/1, 10/7, 11/3, 12/5, 16/3, 19/1

Óðinn (noun m.) ‘Óðinn...’Óðins 19/5

ólauss (adj.) ‘unwavering, stuck...’ólaus 19/6

ólágr (adj.) ‘not low, not insignificant ...’ólágra 18/2

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 20/1

ósvifrandi (noun m.) ‘unyielding...’ósvífrandi 5/7

ótti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘fear...’ — 14/2

rammr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘mighty...’ramman 7/5

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’rauða 20/3

1 (noun f.) ‘nook, corner...’ 7/5

regin (noun n.) ‘divine power...’ — 7/3, 10/8, 13/2, 15/5

Reginn (noun m.) ‘Reginn...’ — 12/6

1reið (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar] ‘riding; chariot...’reiðar 15/6

2reiða (verb) ‘carry...’reiði 20/3

4reiðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘angry...’vreiðr 11/6

reimuðr (noun m.) ‘[haunter]...’reimuð 7/6

rein (noun f.) ‘strip of land...’reinar 16/6

reynandi (noun m.) ‘[testers, trier]...’ — 12/3

1rót (noun f.) [°-ar; rǿtr] ‘root...’rótum 6/3

rúni (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘confidant...’rúna 17/7, 8/5

2ryð (noun n.) ‘[rust]...’ryðs 20/4

rǫdd (noun f.) [°raddar, dat. -/u; raddir] ‘voice...’radd 1/4

Rǫgnir (noun m.) ‘the Rǫgnir...’ — 4/5

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’randa 17/2, randar 18/4

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þær 20/6, þat 5/6, þat 6/2, þat 10/2, því 3/4, því 17/2

2sár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’sára 20/2

seðr (adv.) ‘[at once]...’ — 15/7

segjandi (noun m.) [°; segjendr] ‘[with commanders]...’Segjǫndum 2/1

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’Settisk 2/5

seyðr (noun f.) ‘earth-oven, fire...’seyði 2/8

Sigyn (noun f.) ‘Sigyn...’Sigvinjar 7/2

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 4/2, Sér 9/1

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’ — 16/8

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 6/1, 9/8, 12/1

síga (verb) ‘sink, slide, lower...’sígask 4/6

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’sék 1/5, sér 14/1

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’sævar 11/1

skafa (verb) ‘plane, smoothe...’skófu 13/1

skapt (noun m.) [°; *-] ‘°(Fr def. 5 “en af de Stænger hvormed Væ...’skǫpt 13/2

skarpr (adj.) ‘sharp, bitter...’skǫrpum 18/6

2skjótr (adj.) ‘quick(ly)...’skjótt 13/1

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skalk 1/1, skalt 11/5

1skutill (noun m.) [°-s, dat. skutli] ‘[trencher]...’skutli 4/3

slitna (verb) ‘tear, break...’ — 8/3

3slíðr (adj.) ‘[horrib, dangerous]...’ — 6/1

snót (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘woman...’snótar 2/2

snytrir (noun m.) ‘teacher, instructor...’ — 3/3

solginn (adj.)solgnum 16/2

sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’sunr 13/3, sunr 14/6

sorg (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘sorrow, affliction...’ — 9/2

spakr (adj.) ‘quiet, gentle, wise...’ — 3/5

3sparr (adj.) ‘[bereft]...’sparir 4/7

2spillir (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’ — 18/1

springa (verb) ‘burst, spring apart...’sprunginn 8/6

standa (verb) ‘stand...’stóð 19/8

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’stála 19/7

stœrandi (noun m.) ‘[increaser, sweller]...’ — 11/7

1støkkva (verb) ‘(str.) leap, spring; scatter...’stokkin* 19/7

stǫng (noun f.) [°stangar, dat. -u; stangir/stengr] ‘pole...’stangar 7/8, stǫngu 6/8

sundr (adv.) ‘(a)sunder...’ — 8/4, 15/8

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 10/4

súgr (noun m.) ‘[sucking]...’súg 12/8

2svangr (adj.) ‘hungry...’ — 6/2

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 11/6, 12/1, 17/4

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 8/3, 19/5

sveinn (noun m.) [°sveins; sveinar] ‘boy, servant, attendant...’sveini 19/4

sveipr (noun m.) ‘[sweeper, a swerve]...’ — 13/4

sveiti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’sveita 8/3

1svella (verb) ‘swell...’svall 14/7

sviðna (verb) ‘scorch...’sviðnar 13/3

svíkja (verb) ‘betray, deceive...’sveik 12/2

Svǫlnir (noun m.) ‘Svǫlnir...’Svǫlnis 15/7

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sóttan 14/2

sæll (adj.) ‘happy, blessed...’ — 8/2

sǫgn (noun f.) [°sagnar; sagnir] ‘narrative, message; troop, men...’sagna 2/1, sagna 9/1

2tíðr (adj.) [°compar. tíðari, superl. tíðastr] ‘popular...’ — 17/8

tívar (noun m.) ‘gods...’tíva 1/5, tívi 8/1, tívum 3/1

tormiðluðr (noun m.) ‘[difficult]...’Tormiðlaðr 3/1

trjóna (noun f.) [°-u; dat. -um] ‘snout, muzzle...’trjónu 17/7

troll (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘troll...’trolls 17/7

trygglauss (adj.) ‘[insecure]...’trygglaust 1/6

Týr (noun m.) ‘Týr...’ 1/5, 2/7, 6/7, Týs 20/3

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’ — 2/2, ulfs 8/4

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’Ullar 15/1

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 14/8, 17/3

2unnr (noun f.) ‘wave...’ — 10/4

2unz (conj.) ‘until...’ — 11/1

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 5/8, 16/4

vagna (noun f.) [°*-u] ‘killer whale, orca...’ — 4/5, 16/7

valda (verb) ‘cause...’ollu 17/2, 3/4

1valr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ir] ‘corpse, the slain...’val 3/6

varnandi (noun m.) ‘[defenders]...’varnendr 4/8

2Vár (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘a goddess...’Várar 5/2

váttr (noun m.) [°váttar; dat. vátt/vǽtti; váttar/vǽttir, acc. vátta/váttu/vǽtta] ‘witness...’vátt 16/8

1veggr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s(Páll²A 257³³), dat. -/-i(kun defin.); -ir] ‘wall...’veggjar 1/2

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’veg 8/2, 14/8

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’vas 3/1, vas 6/2, vas 8/6, vas 10/3, vas 15/3, vasa 2/7, vasat 3/7, váru 10/7, vôru 4/7

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’Urðut 10/1, varð 7/1, varð 8/5, varð 13/4, Varðat 17/5

verðung (noun f.) ‘troop, retinue...’verðungar 18/3

1 (noun n.) ‘house, sanctuary...’ — 15/4

1vél (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar/-ir] ‘deceit, trick; device...’ — 4/7, vélum 11/5

véla (verb) ‘betray, trick...’véltr 11/5

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 7/1, 7/5, 7/8, 18/8

vikr (noun f.) ‘[pumice]...’ — 19/7

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildu 17/4

Ving (noun f.) ‘[swinging]...’ — 4/5

Vingnir (noun m.) [°-s] ‘Vingnir...’Vingnis 19/2

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vin 4/4, vinar 7/7, 3/7

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 4/6

vígligr (adj.) ‘warlike...’vígligan 16/7

væna (verb) ‘hope...’vændr 2/8

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’vallar 6/6

þaðan (adv.) ‘from there...’ — 17/6

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 4/7, 16/2, 18/5, 19/5

þat (conj.) ‘that...’ — 12/1

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 7/1, 8/5, 10/3

þegn (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘thane, man, franklin...’þegnum 5/3

þekkiligr (adj.) ‘liked, agreeable...’ — 5/3

þiggja (verb) ‘receive, get...’þák 13/7, þák 20/7

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’þingi 10/6

þingaðr (noun m.) ‘[visitor]...’þingaðar 19/2

1þírr (noun m.) ‘slave, serf...’þír 11/3

Þjazi (noun m.) ‘Þjazi...’Þjaza 1/8

þjófr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘thief...’ — 9/7

þjórr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘[ox]...’þjór 5/8

þollr (noun m.) ‘fir-tree...’þolli 3/8

Þórleifr (noun m.) ‘Þorleifr, Thorleifr ...’Þórleifi 1/4, Þórleifi 13/8, Þórleifi 20/8

Þórr (noun m.) ‘Thor; giant, ogre, monster...’Þórs 8/5

þrír (num. cardinal) ‘three...’þriggja 1/6

þrjótr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘obstinate one...’þrjóti 18/8

þrymseil (noun f.)þrymseilar 5/4

þungr (adj.) ‘heavy...’þungr* 8/6

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’ — 11/5

þyrma (verb) ‘respect, spare, revere...’Þyrmðit 16/1

œrr (adj.) ‘raging...’œran 9/2

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’áttir 10/5

ǫglir (noun m.) ‘hawk...’ǫglis 12/7

ǫl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ale...’ — 11/2, 11/4, 20/2

1ǫrn (noun m.) [°arnar, dat. erni; ernir, acc. ǫrnu] ‘eagle...’arn 12/8, 2/5

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated