Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þorleikr fagri (Þfagr)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Flokkr about Sveinn Úlfsson (Sveinn) - 10

Skj info: Þórleikr fagri, Islandsk skjald, 11. årh. (AI, 396-9, BI, 365-8).

Skj poems:
En flokk om Sven Ulfssön
En flokk om Sven Ulfssön 11-13

Þorleikr’s background is unknown. In 1051 he travelled from Iceland via Norway to Denmark to present a poem to Sveinn Úlfsson (ÍF 28, 113; ÍF 29, 253; Mork 1928-32, 161; Flat 1860-8, III, 338; Fms 6, 256). Both his name and his nickname fagri ‘the Fair’ indicate that he may have come from the family of the Laxdœlir (see Genealogy IIIa in ÍF 5; SnE 1848-87, III, 737-9; LH 1894-1901, I, 641-2). Þorleikr was a rather common name among the Laxdœlir (e.g. Þorleikr Hǫskuldsson and Þorleikr Bollason), and members of that family, such as Hǫskuldr Dala-Kollsson, Óláfr pá ‘Peacock’ Hǫskuldsson and Hallgerðr Hǫskuldsdóttir, were admired for their beauty (see ÍF 5, 14, 27; ÍF 12, 6-7). Þorleikr is listed in Skáldatal as one of the poets who eulogised Sveinn Úlfsson, and it is not said that he composed about any other dignitary or ruler (see SnE 1848-87, III, 258, 267, 283).

Flokkr about Sveinn Úlfsson — Þfagr SveinnII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Þorleikr fagri, Flokkr about Sveinn Úlfsson’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 313-22.

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Skj: Þórleikr fagri: En flokk om Sven Ulfssön, 1051 (AI, 396-9, BI, 365-8); stanzas (if different): 11 | 12 | 13

in texts: Flat, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, HSig, Knýtl, MH, Mork

SkP info: II, 313-22

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-munnaðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[mouthed]...’munnuð 3/8

allr (adj.) ‘all...’ — 8/7, allri 10/6, Allt 8/1

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’annan 2/5, 8/3

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 7/3, 10/3

austan (adv.) ‘from the east...’ — 6/6

2austr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘the east...’aust 8/2

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/7, 2/2, 2/7, 3/3, 7/4, 7/7, 8/2, 8/7

án (prep.) ‘without...’ôn 6/7

2ár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘year, year’s abundance...’ — 6/7

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’borinn 7/2

2berja (verb) [°barði; barðr/bariðr/barinn] ‘fight...’berjask 7/7

betri (adj. comp.) [°superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.] ‘better, best...’beztrar 7/1

bil (noun n.) ‘delay...’ — 7/8

bjóða (verb) [°býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)] ‘offer, order, invite...’Bauð 7/1, buðu 9/1

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 3/4

bragningr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’bragningum 10/4

1bráð (noun f.) ‘meat...’brôð 1/3

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breið 3/3

Buðli (noun m.) ‘Buðli...’Buðla 3/3

búandi (noun m.) [°-a; búendr (bøendr var. ÓH 47¹²: AM 325 VII 4° “325 VII”), dat. búǫndum/búandum/búendum] ‘farmer, resident...’búendr 9/8

byrr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)] ‘favourable wind...’byr 6/8, byrjar 7/7

bœr (noun m.) [°-jar/-ar, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja/-a, dat. -jum/-um/bjóm/-am/-m, acc. -i/-ja/-a/bǿ] ‘farm, homestead...’ 1/4, bœjar 6/5

Danmǫrk (noun f.) ‘[Denmark]...’Danmǫrku 10/8

danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Dana 4/2

2dauðr (adj.) ‘dead...’ — 1/7

drepa (verb) [°drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn] ‘kill, strike...’drepr 5/7

2drífa (verb) [°drífr; dreif, drifu; drifinn] ‘drive, rush...’drífr 5/6

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’dróttni 9/1

dvelja (verb) [°dvalði; dvalðr/dvalinn (præs. sg. 3. pers. dvel [$1138$], [$1140$])] ‘delay, stay, dwell...’dvǫlðu 9/8

1dýr (noun n.) [°-s (spec.: dyʀiɴs KonrA 66⁴‡, etc., cf. Seip 1955 188-189); -] ‘animal...’ — 3/7

eða (conj.) ‘or...’ — 2/6

3ef (conj.) ‘if...’ — 4/5, 7/5

elfr (noun f.) ‘river...’Elfar 5/1

2elta (verb) [°-lt-] ‘chase...’elti 8/1

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 1/5, 3/5

endi (noun m.) ‘end...’endum 10/7

endr (adv.) ‘formerly, once, again...’ — 6/8

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 2/5

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 9/6, hinns 6/4, s 3/7, þeirs 9/3, þeirs 10/1

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’éli 8/7

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’fǫgrum 5/2

fagrdrifinn (adj.) ‘beautifully covered ...’fagrdrifin 3/6

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fekk 1/3

3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’fáir 1/8

fengr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s, dat. -/-i] ‘loot...’feng 4/2, 8/5

ferill (noun m.) [°dat. ferli] ‘route, track...’ferils 4/5

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’finni 2/4

fjándi (noun m.) [°-a; fjándr/fjándar/fjándir] ‘enemy, devil...’fjǫndum 1/1

fjǫrr (noun m.) ‘life...’Fjǫrs 4/1

fjǫrspell (noun n.) ‘[death]...’ — 1/2

flaust (noun n.) ‘ship...’flausta 8/2

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’ — 8/6, flestum 4/1

fljóta (verb) ‘flow, float...’ — 8/8

folk (noun n.) ‘people...’ — 6/3

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frák 8/1, 6/3

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’fundar 4/8, fundar 10/2

fúrr (noun m.) ‘fire...’Fúr 1/1

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’fylkis 6/4

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 1/3, 3/2, 4/3

fœrr (adj.) ‘capable...’Fœrir 3/1

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’garði 7/2

2Gautr (noun m.) ‘Gautr, Óðinn...’Gauts 5/7

gegnum (prep.) ‘through...’gǫgnum 5/7

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geira 3/7

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’getr 6/3

1gína (verb) ‘gape...’ginu 1/6

gjarn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager...’ — 6/2

glæsi- ((prefix))glæsi 3/7

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’gný 1/2

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 4/7

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’ — 10/7

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’goð 2/8

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’ — 3/8, 5/8

Gunnr (noun f.) ‘Gunnr...’Gunnar 5/4

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’hafi 8/8

hafa (verb) ‘have...’ — 10/1, hefr 3/2, hefr 4/3, hefr 6/1, hefr 10/3, hefr 10/5, hǫfðu 9/3

hagna (verb) ‘turn out...’hagnat 10/4

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’haldit 10/5, heldi 7/5, helt 8/4

Halfr (noun m.) ‘Hálfr...’Hôolfs 5/8

hals (noun m.) [°hals, dat. -i; -ar] ‘neck...’halsa 1/6

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 4/3, 10/6, þeim 10/3, þeir 8/6

Haraldr (noun m.) ‘Haraldr...’ — 3/4, 6/6, 7/8

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harðan 4/7

hauðr (noun n.) ‘earth, ground...’hauðri 4/3

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’hauk 1/4

hábrynjaðr (adj.) ‘armoured...’hábrynjuð 4/4

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hæsta 5/3

Heiðabœr (noun m.) ‘[Hedeby]...’Heiðabœjar 6/1

3heiðr (noun f.) [°heiðar, dat./acc heiði; heiðar] ‘heath...’Heiða 1/3, heiði 1/7

heift (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘hatred, enmity...’heipt 6/2

heldr (adv.) ‘rather...’ — 7/5

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’ — 1/7

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’ — 9/3

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’hjǫrva 1/2

2hlaða (verb) ‘heap, pile...’hleðr 5/4

hlunnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘roller...’hlunn 4/6

hrafn (noun m.) [°hrafns; dat. hrafni; hrafnar] ‘raven...’ — 1/3

1hreinn (noun m.) [°; hreinar] ‘reindeer...’hreina 4/5

hræ (noun n.) [°; -] ‘corpse, carrion...’ — 5/3

hugstinnr (adj.) ‘fierce-hearted...’hugstinnir 9/4

hundmargr (adj.) ‘immense...’ — 1/8

hundrað (noun n.) [°-s; hundruð/-] ‘hundred...’hundruð 4/8

hvatráðr (adj.) ‘quick-witted, resourceful...’ — 7/6

hvárr (pron.) ‘who, which, what, whether...’ — 2/5

hvé (conj.) ‘how...’ — 6/1, 8/1

2hyggja (verb) ‘think, consider...’hyggr 2/7

hættr (adj.) [°compar. -ari/-ri, superl. -astr] ‘dangerous...’Hætt 10/1

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’hauld 10/5

Hǫrðar (noun m.) ‘the Hǫrðar...’Hǫrða 4/7

innþrœndr (noun m.) ‘one of the Innþrœndir...’Innþrœnda 2/4

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 1/2, 2/3, 5/4, 5/7

jóti (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘one of the Jótar...’Jóta 10/7

Jótland (noun n.) ‘Jutland, Jylland...’Jótlands 8/8

kind (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘offspring, race...’kindum 9/7

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’ — 6/2, 7/6, 10/6

2kœnn (adj.) [°superl. kǿnstr/kǿnastr] ‘wise, skilful...’kœnum 2/1

kǫstr (noun m.) [°dat. kesti; kestir, acc. kǫstu] ‘pile...’kǫstu 5/3

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’landi 7/4, lǫndum 2/6, lǫndum 3/2

lauðr (noun n.) ‘foam, surf...’lauðri 5/6

laukr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘leek, mast...’lauks 3/5

2láð (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’láði 7/6

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’léttu 8/6, lézk 7/5

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 2/4, 9/4

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ 1/7

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítt 2/7, lítt 10/3

lundaðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘minded...’ — 8/4

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’menn 8/2

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 10/7

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’ 2/5

mið- ((prefix)) ‘[earth]...’mið 7/2

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’mikla 9/2

3minni (adj. comp.) [°superl. minnstr] ‘less, least...’minna 9/4

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’man 4/1

mǫgr (noun m.) [°; megir, acc. mǫgu] ‘son, boy...’ — 5/2

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’nemr 2/6

norðan (adv.) ‘from the north...’ — 1/4, 3/4

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 2/3

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 3/5

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 6/7, 8/1

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 9/5, 10/8

opt (adv.) ‘often...’ — 3/2

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’orðum 9/6

ófalr (adj.) ‘not-for-sale, precious ...’ófǫl 9/8

ógn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘terror, battle...’ — 10/8

ósk (noun f.) [°-ar; dat. -um] ‘wish, desire...’ — 5/2

Rakni (noun m.) ‘Rakni...’Rakna 2/2

rauðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘red...’rauða 3/1, rauðu 5/6

2raukn (noun n.) ‘draught animal...’ — 3/4

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’ — 5/7

2reiða (verb) ‘carry...’reiðr 3/1

4reiðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘angry...’ — 4/3

2reka (verb) ‘drive, force...’rekr 4/6, Rôkusk 1/5

3renna (verb) ‘let run (weak)...’renndi 6/8

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ríkri 7/3

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’ — 7/3, rýðr 3/8

rǫgnir (noun m.) ‘the Rǫgnir...’ — 6/3

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’randir 7/4, 3/2

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þess 3/7

sás (conj.) ‘the one who...’ — 3/1, 5/3, 7/1

sátt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’sáttir 2/7

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggja 9/1

sendir (noun m.) ‘sender, distributor...’ — 1/1

1serkr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘shirt...’serki 5/8

sex (num. cardinal) ‘six...’ — 4/8

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 10/1

siklingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’ — 8/3, siklings 9/2

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 9/5

sjaldfestr (adj.) ‘[shaky]...’sjaldfestar 2/8

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’ 3/5

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’ — 4/4, 8/6, skipum 5/2

skíð (noun n.) [°; -] ‘ski...’skíðum 6/8

skolla (verb) ‘ridicule, rock...’ — 5/5

slóð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘path, track...’slóðir 3/3

snarr (adj.) ‘gallant, bold...’snar 8/4

snarráðr (adj.) ‘swift-counselled, resolute...’snarráðir 9/5

1snerra (noun f.) [°-u] ‘onslaught...’snerru 2/3

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’ — 10/6

sókn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘attack, fight...’ — 9/6

steinn (noun m.) [°steins; steinar] ‘stone, colour...’steini 3/6

sterkr (adj.) ‘strong...’starkr 10/8

1stígr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar/-ir, acc. -a/-u] ‘path...’stígu 2/2

2storð (noun f.) ‘young wood, earth...’storða 1/4

stunda (verb) ‘proceed...’stundum 10/2

styggr (adj.) ‘shy...’ — 7/8

stýrir (noun m.) ‘ruler, controller...’ — 5/1

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 3/8, 4/6

svefja (verb) ‘lull to sleep, soothe...’svǫfðu 9/3

2Sveinn (noun m.) ‘Sveinn...’ — 2/7, 7/4, 8/3, Sveins 3/6, Sveins 10/2

sveit (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘host, company...’ — 6/4

1svella (verb) ‘swell...’sollnu 8/7

1synja (verb) ‘refuse...’ — 4/4

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’ — 3/5, sóttu 10/1

sæll (adj.) ‘happy, blessed...’ — 4/2

sætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’ — 9/1

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tókusk 9/6

tamiðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘accustomed, tamed...’tamðra 4/6

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 4/8, 5/1, 6/1, 6/5, 10/2

1tíð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time...’tíðar 7/1

3Ulfr (noun m.) ‘Úlfr...’Ulfs 5/1

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 1/6, 7/2

undan (adv.) ‘away, away from...’ — 1/8, 8/4

1vakr (noun m.) ‘hawk...’vákar 1/5

valda (verb) ‘cause...’ — 2/8

Valr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘Valr, ?horse...’Val 7/7

1valr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ir] ‘corpse, the slain...’vals 1/6

ván (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘hope, expectation...’Vôn 2/1

vápn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weapon...’ — 5/6

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’veðri 5/4

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’veg 8/2

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’erumk 2/1, s 10/6, vas 9/7, væri 6/7

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 7/2, varð 8/5

2 (noun n.) [°; -] ‘banner, standard...’ — 5/5

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 4/7

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’ — 7/8

Vinðr (noun m.) [°; vinðr/-ir] ‘the Wends...’ — 1/5

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’vann 1/1

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vinir 9/2, 10/5

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veitat 6/4

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’vígs 2/2

vísi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘leader...’vísa 2/1

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’vǫllu 5/5

ýtr (noun m.) ‘man; launcher...’ýta 9/7

þar (adv.) ‘there...’þar 1/6

þarflauss (adj.) ‘without cause, needlessly...’þarflaust 6/6

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 5/5

þats (conj.) ‘that, which...’ — 6/7

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 6/5, 8/3

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’ — 4/2, þengils 6/5, þengils 8/5

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 7/3

þó (adv.) ‘though...’ — 2/5, 7/5, 10/5

þrennr (adj.) ‘three(fold)...’þrimr 10/4

þreyta (verb) ‘prolong, strive...’ — 10/3

Þrœndr (noun m.) [°; þrǿndir/þrǿndr] ‘people from Tröndelag...’Þrœnda 8/5

2ǫnd (noun f.) [°andar, dat. ǫnd/ǫndu; andir] ‘soul, breath...’ — 9/7, ǫndu 2/6

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’ — 2/3

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