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Runic Dictionary

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Anonymous Lausavísur (Anon)

III. 4. Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) - 38

2.2: Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise — Anon (TGT)III

Tarrin Wills 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 536.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38 

cross-references:  21 = Anon (TGT) 17III 

SkP info: III, 559

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

32 — Anon (TGT) 32III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Tarrin Wills (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise 32’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 559.

dýrs of far fleiri
flein-Móða segik óðar
— mælum slíkt við sælan:
‘sit heill konungr!’ — deili.

 

I will not recount more details of the poem about the conduct {of the excellent spear-Móði}; [WARRIOR] we [I] say this to the fortunate one: ‘be well, king!’

context: This stanza follows Anon (TGT) 31 directly as the third example of antonomasia, of the type fyrir útan ǫnd ok líkam (TGT 1927, 79) ‘extrinsic to mind or body’, corresponding to the type extrinsecus ‘extrinsic’ in Donatus (Holtz 1981, 669).

notes: Antonomasia in this case occurs by an extrinsic comparison in the word sælan ‘fortunate one’ for the king (TGT 1927, 79): Hér er sæll settr fyrir nafni konungs, ok er svá óeiginlig liking, en sæla kemr af tilfellum, ok er hér hvarki eiginlig ǫnd né líkam. Þessa fígúru kǫllu vér njarðarvǫtt í skáldskap, ok er hon þó eigi með leyfum talið ‘Here “fortunate” is used instead of the king’s name, and it is thus an improper comparison, because fortune comes from circumstance and here does not belong to either mind or body. We call this figure “sponge” in poetry but it is not counted among the [poetical] licences’. The particular grammatical sense of the native term njarðarvǫttr ‘sponge’ is not otherwise attested. For njarðarvǫttr lit. ‘Njǫrðr’s mitten’ and, by extension of meaning ‘sea-mitten’ (glossing Lat. spongia), see Fritzner: njarðarvǫttr.

texts: TGT 98, Gramm 100

editions: Skj Anonyme digte og vers [XII]: C. Vers om ubestemmelige personer og begivenheder 9 (AI, 598; BI, 598); Skald I, 291; SnE 1848, 196, SnE 1848-87, II, 166-7, 422, III, 149, TGT 1884, 107, 222-3, TGT 1927, 79, 106.

sources

AM 748 I b 4° (A) 7r, 16 - 7r, 17 (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  
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