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Þórðr Kolbeinsson (ÞKolb)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Jayne Carroll;

Eiríksdrápa (Eirdr) - 17

Þórðr Kolbeinsson (ÞKolb) was born c. 974 in Iceland (ÍF 3, lxxxviii). The Hauksbók version of Ldn names his father as Kolbeinn klakkhǫfði ‘Lump-head’ (?) Atlason, from Atley (Atløy) in Norway, while the Sturlubók version names him as Kolbeinn Þórðarson (ÍF 1, 99, 144, lxiv-vi). Þórðr’s mother is said in Bjarnar saga Hítdœlakappa (BjH, ÍF 3, 168) to be called Arnóra; in Ldn (ÍF 1, 142) she is also identified as the daughter of Gunnbjǫrn. Þórðr’s home was at Hítarnes in western Iceland; the poet Arnórr jarlaskáld (ArnII), one of Þórðr’s five sons, was born there. Two other sons, Kolbeinn and Kolli, are named in BjH, and three unnamed daughters are also mentioned (ÍF 3, 125, 171-2, 174, 179, 208). Nothing is known about Þórðr’s death.

Þórðr is famous as the villain of BjH, in which he marries Oddný eykyndill ‘Island-candle’ Þorkelsdóttir, having deceived her into believing that Bjǫrn Arngeirsson (BjhítV), to whom she is betrothed, is dead. This intensifies a life-long feud between Þórðr and Bjǫrn which ends with Bjǫrn’s death at Þórðr’s hands.

Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 257, 258, 261, 262, 266, 274, 280, 283) names Þórðr as poet to four rulers: Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson of Hlaðir (Lade; d. c. 1023); the Norwegian kings Óláfr Haraldsson (d. 1030) and, in the U redaction, Magnús góði ‘the Good’ Óláfsson (d. 1047); and, in the 761aˣ redaction, the Danish king Sveinn Úlfsson (d. 1076). Of these, only Eiríkr is named in source texts as the recipient of surviving stanzas, although BjH (ÍF 3, 126-7) has Þórðr compose and recite a drápa for Óláfr. It is doubtful on chronological grounds that Þórðr composed for Sveinn Úlfsson, and it has been suggested (Fidjestøl 1982, 117) that confusion with Sveinn tjúguskegg ‘Fork-beard’ (d. 1014) might lie behind the erroneous listing. Seventeen stanzas about Eiríkr jarl survive, and in this edition all are attributed to Eiríksdrápa (ÞKolb Eirdr) with varying degrees of confidence. BjH places Þórðr in Eiríkr’s retinue in Norway, c. 1007, delivering a poem entitled Belgskakadrápa ‘Bag-shaking drápa’ (ÍF 3, 115-9), but this may be the same poem as Eirdr, whose content suggests that Þórðr paid court to Eiríkr in England after the conquest of Knútr inn ríki (Cnut the Great) in 1016 and before Eiríkr’s death c. 1023 (see Introduction to Eirdr). In addition to Eirdr, twelve lausavísur (ÞKolb Lv 1-12V) are preserved in BjH, mostly directed against the saga’s hero, Bjǫrn, and a single stanza said to be by Þórðr (ÞKolb GunndrV) survives in praise of the poet Gunnlaugr ormstungu ‘Serpent-tongue’ Illugason (GunnlIV, d. c. 1008; ÍF 3, 101-2). These are edited in SkP V.

Eiríksdrápa — ÞKolb EirdrI

Jayne Carroll 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þórðr Kolbeinsson, Eiríksdrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 487.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17 

Skj: Þórðr Kolbeinsson: 3. Eiríksdrápa, 1014 (AI, 213-217, BI, 203-206); stanzas (if different): 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14

in texts: Flat, Fsk, Gramm, Hkr, Jvs, Knýtl, ÓH, ÓHHkr, ÓT, ÓTC, Skm, SnE, TGT

SkP info: I, 487

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-kell (noun m.) ‘[kell]...’kell 14/8

-þorinn (adj.) ‘[bold, daring]...’þorin 14/5

-þornir (noun m.)þornis 14/5

(non-lexical) (unclassified) 8/3, 8/4

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 1/6, 1/7, 10/4, 11/3, 14/6

Agðir (noun f.) ‘[as Agder, Agder]...’Agða 9/8

al- ((prefix)) ‘very...’al 3/2

aldr (noun m.) [°aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar] ‘life, age...’aldra 17/3, Alldr 10/1

aldri (adv.) ‘never...’ — 10/1

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’All 10/1

allhvass (adj.) ‘[most rapidly]...’allhvasst 5/2

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allir 10/1

2an (conj.) ‘than...’ — 7/3

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 3/1, 3/4, 4/1, 7/2, 7/5, 9/6, 11/3, 11/7, 13/1

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 2/3, 9/2, 11/5, 12/7

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 10/3

auðigr (adj.) [°auðgan/auðigan; compar. auðgari/auðigri, superl. auðgastr/auðigastr] ‘wealthy...’auðgi 10/6

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auði 10/6, auðs 7/3

3auðr (adj.) ‘empty, barren...’auðir 10/6

austan (adv.) ‘from the east...’ — 6/7

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/7, 2/4, 3/2, 3/4, 4/6, 13/8, 15/1, 16/3

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 2/3, 8/8

1ár (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. u/-; -ar/-ir(LandslBorg 151b²¹)] ‘oar...’ — 3/8, ára 3/8, ôrum 3/8

4ár (adv.) ‘of yore, previously, early...’ — 9/2, 16/2

1árr (noun m.) [°dat. ár; ǽrir/árar, acc. áru] ‘messenger...’ôrum 4/5

2átt (noun f.) [°; -ir (acc. sg. attvnna AnnaReyk 410⁹)] ‘lineage...’ — 12/8

bani (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘death, killer...’bana 3/6, bana 15/6

barmr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; *-um] ‘rim...’barms 4/7

báðir (pron.) [°gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði] ‘both...’ — 13/6

1bára (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘wave...’bôru 12/5

1beita (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘food, meal...’beitu 17/2

bila (verb) [°-að-] ‘fail...’bilar 8/7, bilar 10/7

binda (verb) [°bindr; batt/bant(cf. [$332$]), bundu; bundinn] ‘bind, tie...’bundit 14/4

blað (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘blade, leaf...’blǫðum 3/8

blár (adj.) ‘black...’Blá 12/5, blá 14/8, bláar 14/8, blôum 8/6

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’ — 5/3, blóði 17/4

boð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘command, offer, feast...’ — 11/4

bóndi (noun m.) [°-a; bǿndr/bǿndir(HkrEirsp 58⁴)/bondr(Nj AM 468 4° 78r⁴), gen. & dat. bónd-/bǿnd-] ‘man, farmer, peasant, landowner...’bœndr 16/8

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’brands 12/6

bráðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘quick(ly)...’bráðir 5/3

bregða (verb) [°bregðr/brigðr; brá, brugðu; brugðinn/brogðinn] ‘pull, jerk, break; change...’brá 6/1

brim (noun n.) ‘surf...’ — 2/4

bróðir (noun m.) [°bróður/brǿðr/bróðurs, dat. bróður/brǿðr/breðr, acc. bróður/brǿðr; brǿðr/bróðr/breðr (brǿðrirnir Jvs291 75¹⁴), gen. brǿ---] ‘brother...’brœðr 5/4, bróðr 5/4

brýni (noun n.) [°; -] ‘°whetstone; “appetite whetter”, spice...’bryni 2/4

bræðir (noun m.) ‘feeder...’bræðir 5/3

búandi (noun m.) [°-a; búendr (bøendr var. ÓH 47¹²: AM 325 VII 4° “325 VII”), dat. búǫndum/búandum/búendum] ‘farmer, resident...’búendr 1/2, búendr 16/8

býr (noun m.) [°býjar/bjár/bjór/bjárs, dat. -; gen. býa/bjá, dat. bjóm/bjám, acc. býi/býa/bjá] ‘dwelling, down...’býir 10/8

bœr (noun m.) [°-jar/-ar, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja/-a, dat. -jum/-um/bjóm/-am/-m, acc. -i/-ja/-a/bǿ] ‘farm, homestead...’bœi 16/6, bœir 10/8, bœjar 10/8, 10/8

danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’Dana 1/8, Dana 4/4, Danir 5/2

2dauðr (adj.) ‘dead...’ — 10/6

2draga (verb) [°dregr; dró, drógu; dreginn/droget(Hirð NKS 1642 4° 146v²⁹; cf. [$962$])] ‘drag, pull, draw...’dregnum 1/6

dragna (verb) [°-að-] ‘°move (slowly, with difficulty), trudge;...’drǫgnum 1/6

dreyrugr (adj.) [°dreyrgan/dreyrugan; superl. dreyrgastr] ‘bloody...’dreyrgar 8/2

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’dróttins 11/4, dróttna 11/4

dynja (verb) [°dunði] ‘resound...’ — 2/4

dynr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘din...’ — 2/4

1dýr (noun n.) [°-s (spec.: dyʀiɴs KonrA 66⁴‡, etc., cf. Seip 1955 188-189); -] ‘animal...’dýrum 12/5

dœgr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘day and night; 24h period...’dœgri 13/8

eða (conj.) ‘or...’ — 9/7, eðr 9/7

eðr (adv.) ‘still...’ — 16/5

3ef (conj.) ‘if...’ — 9/5

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)] ‘edge, blade...’ — 12/2, eggja 14/7, eggja 15/4, eggjar 14/7

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’atti 3/1

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’ — 7/6

Eiríkr (noun m.) ‘Eiríkr...’Eirekr 7/4, Eirekr 11/8, Eirekr 15/6, Eireks 11/8

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 1/5, 6/8, 11/1, 12/4, mér 10/2

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 3/5, 5/1, 10/5, 10/6, 17/1, Enn 4/1, Enn 6/5, Enn 9/5, Enn 11/1, Enn 13/1

4en (conj.) ‘than...’ — 7/3, 8/5, 11/1, 16/5

endi (noun m.) ‘end...’ — 11/7

endr (adv.) ‘formerly, once, again...’ — 11/7, 13/2

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’ — 7/6

Englar (noun m.) ‘English people...’Engla 15/8, Englum 16/1

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 7/3, 8/5, 10/6

enskr (adj.) ‘English...’enska 12/7

eptir (prep.) ‘after, behind...’ept 9/5

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 7/3, 9/5, 10/6, es 4/5, es 8/5, þeirs 3/7, þeirs 16/1, þeirs 16/5

Erlingr (noun m.) ‘Erlingr...’Erling 9/1

eyrr (noun f.) ‘land-spit...’eyrar 13/1

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’ — 2/6

faðir (noun m.) ‘father...’fǫður 2/8

falla (verb) ‘fall...’ — 5/2

far (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘travel, vessel, trace, life, conduct...’ — 9/4

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fór 2/6, fór 6/7, fóru 1/4, fóru 6/7

fasti (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘flame, fire...’fasta 9/3

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fekk 8/5, Fekk 14/5, fekksk 7/7, fæk 11/2

2fár (noun n.) [°-s] ‘harm, danger...’ — 10/8

3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’fáir 10/8, fátt 10/7

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ — 16/8

1feta (verb) ‘follow, able to make...’fat 2/6

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’finnz 3/3, fundu 11/7

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’fjalla 8/7

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’flesta 4/8, flesta 10/7, flestar 4/8, flestar 9/3, flestir 9/3, flestra 10/7

flotnar (noun m.) ‘mariners...’flotna 15/1

folk (noun n.) ‘people...’ — 15/2

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’ — 9/5

frá (prep.) ‘from...’af 16/4, 2/7, 4/3, 9/5, 16/4

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frá 1/5, frák 11/2

freki (noun m.) ‘Freki, wolf, greedy one...’Freka 17/2

Freyr (noun m.) ‘(a god)...’ — 15/1

fróðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘wise...’fróða 3/2, 3/2

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’funda 11/7, fundar 11/7, 13/8

fúss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager, willing...’fúsa 6/2

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 2/7, 9/1, 14/2

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrðar 13/5

fyrna (verb) ‘forget...’fyrnisk 8/8

fýsa (verb) ‘desire, encourage...’ — 6/2

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’ — 2/6, 6/7, 12/2

gammr (noun m.) ‘vulture...’gamms 3/8

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’gekk 14/5, Gengu 16/1

garmr (noun m.) ‘dog...’garms 3/8

4 (verb) ‘to heed...’gôðu 16/5

gefa (verb) ‘give...’gaf 15/2, gafsk 7/7

gefandi (noun m.) [°-a; gefendr] ‘dispenser, giver...’gefendr 16/2

2gegn (prep.) ‘against...’ — 4/1, gǫgn 16/5

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geira 17/3

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerði 2/6, gerði 8/5, gerðu 16/8, gjǫrðu 2/6

2gerða (verb) ‘enclose...’ — 2/6, gerðar 2/6

Gerðr (noun f.) ‘Gerðr...’ — 2/6

Geri (noun m.) ‘Geri...’Gera 17/3

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’gôtu 3/7, gætu 3/7

1gjalda (verb) ‘pay, repay...’galt 16/7

Gjǫlp (noun f.) ‘Gjǫlp...’Gjalpar 17/4

gjǫrð (noun f.) ‘girdle...’gjǫrðar 2/6

glaumr (noun m.) ‘noise...’glaum 16/6

2glær (adj.) ‘splendid...’glæ 4/2

Gormr (noun m.) ‘[Gormr, Gorms]...’ — 11/6

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’gótt 8/5

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 7/8, gram 9/6, 11/6, grams 8/6

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’ — 16/4

1grunnr (noun m.) ‘bottom, shallows...’grunni 13/1

grœðir (noun m.) ‘?healer, ?ocean...’grœðis 14/2

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’Goll 14/1, golli 14/1, golls 4/6, golls 14/1

gullkennr (adj.) — 14/1

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunni 4/1, gunni 14/1

gylðir (noun m.) ‘wolf...’ — 17/3

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hafði 6/6, Hafði 7/1, hafðr 6/6, hefi 11/1, hefir 11/1, hefk 11/1

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’ — 10/3, helt 12/3, helt 12/5

hama (noun m.) [masc noun] ‘covering, garment...’hamun 7/2

1hamarr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. hamri; hamrar] ‘hammer, cliff...’hamri 8/6

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 10/4, hans 10/8, hônum 7/2, þeira 11/8, þeira 15/6

1harri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘lord...’harra 3/3

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hára 3/3, hára 8/7, hátt 3/4, 6/4, hôva 3/3

háski (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘danger...’háska 1/2

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’hefsk 11/1

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heim 4/2, heims 4/2

heiti (noun n.) ‘name, promise...’ — 17/2

helsingi (noun m.) [°; -jar, dat. -um] ‘[geese]...’helsingja 5/3

herðir (noun m.) ‘sword...’ — 2/6

2herja (verb) ‘harry, ravage...’herjat 8/1

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’her 1/4, her 15/8, her 16/8, herjar 8/1, 6/7, 15/8

hersir (noun m.) [°-is; -ar] ‘cheiftan...’hersar 9/2

hestr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘horse, stallion...’hest 14/2, hests 14/2

hér (adv.) ‘here...’ — 3/3

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’hilmi 11/3, hilmis 13/7, 13/7, hilmis 16/7

2hinn (pron.) ‘he, she, it; the one...’ — 10/6

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’ — 11/4

1hjallr (noun m.) [°-s dat. -i; -ar] ‘°stillads, ophøjet stade, forhøjning; (s...’ — 11/4

hjalmaðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘helmeted...’hjalmað 13/7, hjalmað 16/7, hjalmaðs 8/1, hjalmaðs 13/7

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’hjalm 11/3

hjalt (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘hilt...’hjalta 16/7

hjarl (noun n.) ‘land...’ — 11/4, hjarls 11/4

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’hjǫrvi 8/6

hleti (noun n.) — 12/1

hleyti (noun n.) [°; -] ‘marriage-alliance, kinship...’hleyti 12/1

hlummr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘oar-handle...’hlumr 3/5

hlunnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘roller...’hlunni 1/6, 3/5

hlymja (verb) ‘[roars]...’hlymr 2/4

hlymr (noun m.) ‘din...’ — 3/5

hlynr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘maple...’ — 2/4, 3/5

hlœti (noun n.)hlæti 12/1

hold (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘flesh...’ — 15/3

2hót (noun n.) [°; -] ‘a bit...’ — 3/4, hóts 3/4

hrafn (noun m.) [°hrafns; dat. hrafni; hrafnar] ‘raven...’ — 16/2, hrafni 15/2

hraustr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘strong, valiant...’ — 6/7, hrausts 6/7

hrefni (noun n.)hrefnis 3/3

hregg (noun n.) ‘storm...’ — 14/5

Hringmaraheiðr (noun f.) ‘[Ringmere Heath]...’Hringmaraheiði 15/7

1hrjóða (verb) ‘clear, destroy...’hrauð 4/8

Hroptr (noun m.) ‘[Hroptr, Hroptar]...’Hropts 8/2

hrynja (verb) ‘fall, flow...’ — 2/4

huggandi (noun m.) [°; -endr] ‘[comforters]...’huggendr 3/6

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 7/4

hvat (pron.) ‘what...’ — 11/6

hvatr (adj.) [°-ari, -an; -astr] ‘keen, brave...’ — 15/1

hvárt (adv.) ‘whether...’ — 11/6

hveiti (noun n.) [°-s] ‘[wheat]...’ — 17/2

1hvergi (adv.) ‘nowhere...’ — 3/5

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hvert 11/6

2hyggja (verb) ‘think, consider...’hykk 6/8

hyrningr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘hyrningr...’ — 8/8

1hœgr (adj.) [°acc. -an/-jan; comp. hǿgri, superl. hǿgstr/hǿgastr] ‘convenient, calm, pleasant...’ — 13/8

2hætta (verb) ‘risk...’hætti 3/1

hǫgg (noun n.) [°-s, dat. hǫggvi/hǫggi; -] ‘blow...’ — 6/8, 14/7, hǫggs 14/7

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’hauld 8/7

1hǫll (noun f.) [°hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir] ‘hall...’ — 8/7

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendi 10/3

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 4/1, 6/5, 7/4, 12/2, 12/3, 16/5, 17/4

ímr (noun m.) ‘dark wolf, dusky one...’íms 17/2

ítr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ — 12/1, ítrir 1/2

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’ — 3/1, 4/5, 7/8, jarla 9/4, jarli 9/4, jarli 11/4, jarls 3/1, jarls 13/7

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfra 12/1, Jǫfrum 5/1

kenna (verb) ‘know, teach...’kennda 11/2, kenndu 11/2

kennir (noun m.) ‘teacher...’ — 14/1

kjǫlr (noun m.) [°kjalar, dat. kili; kjǫlir] ‘keel, ship...’kjǫl 13/3

knega (verb) ‘to know, understand, be able to...’knátti 12/8

Knútr (noun m.) ‘Knútr...’ — 13/4

knýja (verb) ‘press forward, urge, drive...’kníði 13/3

knǫrr (noun m.) [°knarrar, dat. knerri; knerrir, acc. knǫrru/knerri] ‘(a kind of) ship...’knǫrru 2/2

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kœmi 6/8, kom 11/8, 11/8, 13/6, kominn 6/8, kómu 6/8, kómu 11/8

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’konung 7/8, 10/5

kóngr (noun m.) ‘king...’kong 7/8, 10/5

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kvæði 7/3

1kyn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kin...’kunar 6/4

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’ — 2/8, 9/7, landa 14/3, landi 2/7, landi 4/3, landi 12/6, landi 16/3, lands 6/5, lands 9/4, lands 9/7, lǫnd 2/8, lǫndum 1/5

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’lang 3/2, lang 13/4, langa 16/3, langt 4/3, lengri 9/7, lǫngum 1/5

2láð (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’ — 6/6, 13/6, láða 14/3

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 2/1, lét 14/1, lét 15/5, lézk 10/3, lézk 11/6, lézk 14/1, lætr 2/1, læzk 11/6

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lagði 9/8, lagðir 9/8, lagðisk 9/8

leggr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘limb...’leggi 15/4

leiðangr (noun m.) [°leiðangrs, dat. leiðangri; leiðangrar] ‘naval levy...’ — 4/4

2leiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘hateful, loathsome...’leiðir 16/4

lengra (adv.) ‘longer, further...’ — 9/7

leyfa (verb) ‘permit; praise...’leyfða 11/1, leyfðr 11/1, leyfk 11/1

leyfð (noun f.) ‘praise...’ — 11/1

leyfðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘celebrated...’ — 14/3

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 15/8, 16/7, liða 6/3

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ 6/4

1lind (noun f.) ‘linden-shield, linden tree...’ — 2/7, lindar 6/5

4líka (verb) ‘please...’líkar 10/2

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítla 6/3, lítlu 6/3

2ljóðr (noun m.) ‘= lýðr, people...’ljóða 6/3

lof (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘praise, leave, permission...’ — 11/2

lofa (verb) ‘praise, permit...’lofak 9/3

lofði (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man...’lofða 11/1, lofðar 11/1

lund (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar(Rém 301³¹)] ‘mind, way...’ — 2/8, lundu 14/4

Lundún (noun f.) ‘[London]...’ — 14/4

lung (noun n.) ‘longship...’lungum 1/5

1lúta (verb) ‘(strong)...’lútu 10/1

lýðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘one of the people...’ — 14/3, lýðs 14/3

(noun n.) ‘deceit, treachery...’ — 6/4

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’lǫg 3/2

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’manna 6/1, manna 7/6, manna 10/4, mǫnnum 10/4, mǫnnum 14/6

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’marg 6/2, margar 2/1, 3/5, margs 6/2, mǫrg 2/7, mǫrg 12/3

2marr (noun m.) ‘horse...’mara 6/1

máni (noun m.) [°-a] ‘moon...’mána 6/1

már (noun m.) ‘gull...’máva 4/2

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 4/3, 10/6

meiðr (noun m.) ‘beam, tree...’meiða 1/3, 1/8

mein (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘harm, injury...’ — 6/1

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’meira 7/4

2men (noun n.) [°; dat. menjum] ‘neck-ring...’ — 6/1

mislangr (adj.) ‘[various lengths]...’mislǫng 12/4

mjór (adj.) [°mjóvan; comp. mjór(r)i/mjár(r)i, superl. -str/mjóvastr] ‘slender...’mævar 4/2

mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’ — 2/1

1móða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘river...’móðu 12/3

móti (prep.) ‘against...’ — 3/4

1muna (verb) ‘remember...’man 11/6

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 11/6

mær (noun f.) [°meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar] ‘maiden...’meyjar 4/2

mærð (noun f.) ‘praise...’mærðar 2/2

Mœri (noun f.) ‘[møre]...’ — 4/6

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’náði 17/1

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 15/3

njóta (verb) ‘enjoy, use...’nutu 10/1

norðan (adv.) ‘from the north...’ — 9/6

Noregr (noun m.) ‘Norway...’Nóregs 10/4

nýta (verb) ‘enjoy, use...’naut 17/3

nær (adv.) ‘near, almost; when...’ — 12/6

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odd 2/6

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 1/3, 9/6, 10/4, 14/6

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’of 13/2, 1/7, 7/3

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 1/1, 2/2, 2/3, 8/6, 9/7, 10/4, 11/6, 13/7, 14/7, 15/5

opt (adv.) ‘often...’oft 9/5, 15/5

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 8/5, 9/6

ormr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘serpent...’orms 4/6

1óðr (noun m.) ‘poem...’ — 2/3

óglíkr (adj.)ógligt 14/7

ógn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘terror, battle...’ — 3/2

ólítill (adj.) ‘not small...’ólítil 2/5, 2/5, ólítinn 2/5

rann (noun n.) ‘house, hall...’rǫnn 14/6

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’réð 2/6, rôðum 7/5

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’ — 14/5

4reiðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘angry...’ — 7/5

2reka (verb) ‘drive, force...’rak 4/7

reki (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘ruler...’reka 14/5

2rekja (verb) ‘unwind; track, trace...’ — 14/5

rekkr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man, champion...’rekka 14/5, rekkum 14/5

remmir (noun m.) ‘strengthener...’ — 6/1

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’rann 7/6, rann 14/6, renndu 2/8

3renna (verb) ‘let run (weak)...’renndi 4/3, renndi 13/2

rennir (noun m.) ‘impeller...’ — 6/1

1ríða (verb) ‘ride...’reið 7/5

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ríkir 1/2

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauð 4/8, rauð 15/7

runnr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘bush, tree...’runn 14/6

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’randa 2/8, rǫndu 2/8, rǫndum 2/8

1saga (noun f.) [°*-u; *-ur] ‘story, saga...’sǫgur 1/4

saman (adv.) ‘together...’ — 14/4

samr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘same...’sǫmum 11/3

sannliga (adv.) ‘truly...’ — 1/1

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 3/7, þat 8/8, þat 9/5, þau 9/5, þeir 8/8, þeiri 11/8, þess 6/5, þess 11/1, því 7/6, því 13/8, þær 4/5

2sár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’ — 3/8

sás (conj.) ‘the one who...’ — 3/1, 13/3, 15/2

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggja 12/2

segja (verb) ‘say, tell...’sagðr 10/6

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 2/2, 12/4

senda (verb) ‘send...’ — 1/5, 11/2, sendu 11/2

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’Setti 3/1

siðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -u] ‘faith, morals...’siðar 6/3

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’Sig 3/4

Sigurðr (noun m.) ‘Sigurðr...’Sigvarðar 5/4

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 7/1

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’síns 2/8

sjaldan (adv.) ‘seldom...’ — 15/3

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’satz 1/2, séa 12/8, sôusk 1/2

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’ 3/7

1skap (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘mind, fate...’ — 3/5, skǫp 6/2

skáld (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘poet...’skald 2/4, skaldi 2/3, skalds 2/3

1skeið (noun f.) [°-ar; -r/-ar/-ir] ‘ship...’ — 12/3, skeiða 1/8, skeiða 2/3, skeiðar 2/3, skeiðar 4/4, skeiðum 1/8, skeiðum 4/4, skeiðum 16/4

sker (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. -ja] ‘skerry...’skers 16/6

1skilja (verb) ‘separate, understand...’skilk 11/6

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’skipum 13/4

1skjalfa (verb) ‘shake - intrans....’skalf 3/5, skulfu 14/8

skjǫldr (noun m.) [°skjaldar/skildar, dat. skildi; skildir, acc. skjǫldu] ‘shield...’skjald 2/4, skjǫld 2/4

skjǫldungr (noun m.) ‘king...’Skjǫldungr 13/2, 2/4

skríða (verb) ‘creep, glide...’skriðu 4/2

skuldugaðr (adj./verb p.p.)skulldugaz 11/5

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skyldi 11/5

skyldiliga (adv.) — 11/5

skyldiligr (adj.)skulldligaz 11/5, skylldílígast 11/5

skyldliga (adv.) — 11/5, skylligast 11/5, skylligaz 11/5, skylligazst 11/5

skyldligr (adj.) ‘[most dutifully]...’skyldligast 11/5

2skyldr (adj.) ‘obliged...’ — 10/3

skyldugr (adj.) ‘[due]...’skylldugaz 11/5

skœðr (adj.) ‘dangerous...’skœðar 2/3

Skǫgul (noun f.) ‘Skǫgul...’sko᷎gl 11/5

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíks 7/2, slíku 10/2

slíta (verb) ‘to tear...’ — 3/7

slóð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘path, track...’slóðir 13/3

snekkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘warship...’snekkjur 2/1

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’ — 15/5

sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’son 6/8, sonum 11/3

spor (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘track...’ — 15/4

stafn (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘prow...’stafna 3/3, stafns 15/2

stafr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘staff, post, stave, stick...’staf 9/6, 6/6

stallr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘seat, stall, support...’stalla 1/3

standa (verb) ‘stand...’stœði 3/2

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’stála 1/3

2stóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘stud-horse...’ — 17/4, stóði 3/2

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stór 1/4, 12/8

2stríð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘affliction...’ — 1/3

stund (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘time, hour...’ — 16/3, stundu 9/7

stundum (adv.) ‘at times, sometimes...’ — 9/7

styrr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘battle...’styr 2/6, styr 9/6

1suðr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘[southern, the]...’ — 1/5

2suðr (adv.) ‘south, in the south...’ — 9/8

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 1/1, 10/5

sunnr (adv.) ‘south...’ — 1/6

súð (noun f.) [°-ar; gen. -a] ‘planking, ship...’ — 1/5

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 12/6

Sveiði (noun m.) ‘Sveiði...’Sveiða 1/5

2Sveinn (noun m.) ‘Sveinn...’ — 10/5

sveit (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘host, company...’ — 17/2

1svella (verb) ‘swell...’sollit 15/3

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 1/5, sverðs 15/4

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sótti 3/1, Sótti 7/5

sœnskr (adj.) ‘Swedish...’sœnskan 7/8

særir (noun m.) ‘wounder...’særi 7/1

sœtr (adj.) ‘sweet...’søti 3/1

sætta (verb) ‘reconcile, settle...’sætti 3/1

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 6/5, 9/8, 11/7, 14/3

tjald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘tent, awning...’tjalda 11/5

tóft (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘homestead, building plot...’toptir 8/2

Tryggvi (noun m.) ‘Tryggvi...’Tryggva 6/8

Týr (noun m.) ‘Týr...’ 9/3

ugga (verb) ‘to fear, suspect...’uggðu 3/6

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’Ulf 14/8

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’ — 12/7

una (verb) ‘be content, love...’ — 10/2

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 4/5, 4/7

2unz (conj.) ‘until...’uns 17/2

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 7/3, 16/1, 16/4

útan (prep.) ‘outside, without...’ — 2/5, 9/1, 13/4

úti (adv.) ‘out, outdoors, out at sea, abroad...’ — 2/5

vaða (verb) ‘advance, wade...’Óð 17/1

vagn (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wagon...’vagns 1/7

valda (verb) ‘cause...’olli 15/5

1valdi (noun m.) ‘ruler...’valda 3/4

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 10/1, valds 10/1

valkǫstr (noun m.) ‘corpse-pile...’valkesti 4/8

1vangr (noun m.) ‘field, plain...’vangs 1/7

3vanr (adj.) ‘accustomed...’vant 9/6

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’varga 6/2, vǫrgum 4/7

varmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘warm...’vǫrmu 4/7, vǫrmum 4/7

1varr (noun m.) ‘wake...’ — 13/6

vatn (noun n.) [°-s; -*] ‘water, lake...’ — 1/7

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’vex 2/3

ván (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘hope, expectation...’vôn 7/2

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’veðrs 12/2

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’ 14/3, vegit 6/6

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’vegar 6/6, vegi 9/5

2vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -] ‘honour...’vegs 2/3

Veig (noun f.) ‘[Vega]...’Veigu 9/5, veigum 9/5

vel (adv.) ‘well, very...’ — 10/2

velja (verb) ‘choose...’velk 9/6

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’er 9/6, es 10/6, s 6/5, var 10/6, var 14/3, vas 2/7, vas 7/2, vas 8/1, vôru 9/2, vôru 10/8, vôru 16/2

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’urðu 5/1, varð 5/1, Varð 13/5

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’ — 16/6

vestan (prep.) ‘from the west...’ — 6/7, 14/2

vestri (adj. comp.)vesta 6/7

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 7/1, 8/2, 14/8

viggr (noun m.) ‘horse...’vigg 1/8, vigg 4/7

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildu 13/5, 11/6

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’vann 14/3, vann 15/1

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’vinir 9/4

2vit (pron.) ‘we two...’ — 1/2

1vita (verb) ‘know...’Veitk 9/1, vissa 12/4

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’vítt 1/2

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 1/8, 4/7, 9/5, vígs 9/5

vík (noun f.) ‘bay...’ — 1/2

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’vǫllu 12/7

vǫr (noun f.) — 8/6

vǫrn (noun f.) [°varnar; varnir] ‘defence...’ — 8/6

1vǫrr (noun m.) [°dat. verri; acc. vǫrru] ‘oar-stroke...’ — 8/6

yfir (prep.) ‘over...’ — 10/4

ýgligr (adj.) ‘[terrible]...’ýglig 14/7

ýtr (noun m.) ‘man; launcher...’ýta 10/7

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 2/6, 4/5, 7/6, 8/1

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 11/1, 13/5, 14/7

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 2/5, 6/7

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’þinga 14/6

Þorinn (noun m.) ‘Þorinn...’Þorins 14/5

Þórir (noun m.) ‘Þórir...’þoris 14/5

1þrályndi (noun f.) ‘[obstinacy]...’ — 7/7

þrífa (verb) ‘grab, grasp; thrive (refl.)...’þrifusk 12/1

Þrœndr (noun m.) [°; þrǿndir/þrǿndr] ‘people from Tröndelag...’Þrœndum 7/7

þrœnzkr (adj.) ‘from Trøndelag...’þrœnzkan 7/8, 7/8

þrøngva (verb) ‘press, throng...’þrungit 1/7

Þundr (noun m.) ‘Þundr...’ — 14/3

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’ — 14/1

þvera (verb) — 15/8

1þverra (verb) ‘diminish...’ — 15/8

því (adv.) ‘therefore, because...’ — 7/7

þýðr (adj.) ‘kind...’ — 14/3

2æ (adv.) ‘always, forever...’ — 9/7

1œði (noun f.) ‘fury...’æði 10/6

œðri (adj. comp.) ‘nobler, higher...’ — 5/4

œgiligr (adj.) ‘[terrifying]...’œglig 14/7, œgligt 14/7

œrinn (adj.) ‘ample, sufficient...’œrins 4/6, œrnu 17/1

ævi (noun f.) [°-/-ar] ‘life...’ — 6/4

ǫglir (noun m.) ‘hawk...’ǫglis 14/7

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldir 10/1

ǫlðr (noun n.) [°-s/-] ‘ale...’ǫlðra 17/3, ǫlðri 17/3

1ǫrn (noun m.) [°arnar, dat. erni; ernir, acc. ǫrnu] ‘eagle...’ornu 17/1

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’ — 2/2

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated