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Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

2. Hákonarkviða (Hákkv) - 42

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hákonarkviða — Sturl HákkvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 699-727.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38 

for reference only:  5x   9x   10x   25x 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 4. Hákonarkviða, 1263-64 (AII, 108-19, BII, 118-26); stanzas (if different): 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10-11 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28-9 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42

in texts: Flat, Hák

SkP info: II, 699-727

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

-andi (unclassified) ‘[ing, andi]...’andi 17/6

-kárr (adj.)kárr 8/5

-ligr (adj.) ‘-ly...’lig 17/3, ligr 19/7, ligt 25/11

-ráðr (adj.) ‘-ful...’ráðs 1/5

-renni (noun ?) ‘[advancer]...’renni 16/4

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 10/2, 19/6, 25/2, 30/6, 32/4, 33/7

afar- ((prefix)) ‘[proud]...’afar 10/2

afarmenni (noun n.) ‘[proud man]...’ — 24/8

aldinviðr (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i] ‘[fruit tree]...’ — 4/3

alfr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘elf...’álfr 10/9, álfr 17/5

all- ((prefix)) ‘very...’all 25/5, all 27/1, all 33/7

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allra 28/6, allri 31/2, öll 37/2, öllu 10/4

allvaldr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘mighty ruler...’allvald 7/3, 4/9, 14/1, allvalds 3/5, allvalds 12/8

andr (noun m.) [°; andrar] ‘ski...’andra 32/8

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’annat 35/8

1ari (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘eagle...’ara 10/12

1armr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘arm...’arm 31/5

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 11/4, 17/2, 18/6, 25/16, 27/6

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 5/2, 9/2

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 37/2

1auðligr (adj.) ‘[paltry]...’ — 12/7

1auðna (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘[destiny, fortune]...’auðnu 9/8

Aurnir (noun m.) ‘Aurnir...’Aurnis 16/8

austan (adv.) ‘from the east...’ — 7/4

3austr (adv.) [°compar. -ar, superl. -ast] ‘east, in the east...’ — 10/6, 12/2, 27/5

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 2/3, 5/7, 6/7, 9/6, 9/16, 10/6, 15/6, 17/4, 18/3, 18/7, 20/2, 20/8, 23/4, 24/2, 25/10, 29/3, 30/4, 31/4, 34/7, 37/4

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 38/5

2ár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘year, year’s abundance...’ — 4/7, 10/11

2Áss (noun m.) [°áss, dat. ási/ás; ásar] ‘god...’áss 20/3

átta (num. cardinal) ‘eight...’ — 2/4

bagall (noun m.) [°dat. bagli; baglar/bǫglar] ‘[Baglar]...’Bagla 2/5

barn (noun n.) [°-s; bǫrn/barn(JKr 345³), dat. bǫrnum/barnum] ‘child...’ — 1/7

baugr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ring...’baug 19/1, baug 35/5, baug* 16/4, bauga 24/5, bauga 32/3

báðir (pron.) [°gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði] ‘both...’báðar 15/6

bági (noun m.) [°-a] ‘adversary...’ — 9/14

1bára (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘wave...’ — 29/6

2beinn (adj.) [°beinan; compar. beinni, superl. beinastr/beinstr] ‘straight...’beinu 18/4

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’Bar 4/1

2berr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bare...’berum 20/2

Bjár (noun m.) ‘[Ber]...’Björ 25/15

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’ — 19/4, blásnar 11/6

blik (noun n.) ‘gleam...’bliks 24/5

blíkja (verb) ‘gleam, glisten...’ — 35/6

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’ — 18/3, 20/1, blóði 21/8, blóðs 17/8

blómi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘flower...’blóma 4/2

boði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘messenger, breaker...’boðar 24/6

bogi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘bow...’boga 32/4

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’borði 29/4, borðum 19/6

botn (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘bottom...’ — 13/3, botni 5/8

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’branda 19/3, 12/3

brimir (noun m.) ‘sword...’brimis 19/2

brjótr (noun m.) ‘breaker...’brjóts 32/3

brú (noun f.) [°-ar; brúar/brýr/brúr(Hák81 557ˆ)] ‘bridge, causeway...’ — 24/2

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’búnar 2/6

byggð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘dwelling, settlement...’bygðar 8/4

byrr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)] ‘favourable wind...’ — 19/3

bæja (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘[town of]...’bæjar 6/4

bǫð (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’boði 25/16, boði 38/8, böðvar 16/3, böðvar 17/7

dagr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar] ‘day...’dag 26/7, 31/3

dáð (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘feat, deed...’dáðum 33/5

digull (noun m.) [°diguls; diglar] ‘crucible...’digul 33/6

dís (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘dís, woman...’dísir 22/8

dolgr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘enemy, battle...’dólga 21/6

drepa (verb) [°drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn] ‘kill, strike...’drepinn 38/4, drepit 1/2

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’ — 30/2

3ef (conj.) ‘if...’ — 2/7

efni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘material...’ — 3/2

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)] ‘edge, blade...’ — 16/5

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’einu 4/4, einu 27/2

1eisa (noun f.) [°; -ur] ‘flame, ember...’eisur 16/6

elding (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ar] ‘lightning...’ — 36/1, eldingum 17/8

eldr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar] ‘fire...’elda 16/2, elda 24/7

elfr (noun f.) ‘river...’ — 37/1

elri (noun n.) ‘alder-tree...’elris 7/7

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 2/1, 11/2, 11/5, 14/5, 17/5, 18/5, 19/5, 20/5, 23/1, 28/5, 29/6, 36/1, Enn 15/1, Enn 26/1

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 1/5, 3/5, 4/9, 7/5, 9/9, 10/5, 13/5, 24/6, 25/5, 30/7, 34/2, 35/5, 36/6, 37/6

eski (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ash-wood, spear...’ — 7/8

eyrr (noun f.) ‘land-spit...’Eyrum 9/16

fagna (verb) [°-að-] ‘welcome, rejoice...’ — 5/4, fagnandi 3/8

faldr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘headdress...’felt 21/1

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fell 19/8, fell 28/8, fell 29/8, fellu 24/6

far (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘travel, vessel, trace, life, conduct...’fars 29/1

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’ — 34/2, fór 8/8, fór 17/6, fóru 2/2

2fár (noun n.) [°-s] ‘harm, danger...’fárs 16/5, fárs 32/7

feigr (adj.) [°compar. -ari/ri] ‘fated to die, fey, dead...’feigum 21/2

Fenrir (noun m.) ‘Fenrir...’Fenris 21/5

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ — 11/7, 31/7, ferðar 10/12

1ferja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘ferry...’ferjur 33/2

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’ — 2/8

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’fjöllum 32/4

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’fleira 27/4

flet (noun n.) ‘platform, floor...’ — 16/7

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’Flugu 17/1

floti (noun m.) ‘fleet...’flota 35/4, flota 37/6, 12/8

flytja (verb) ‘convey, move...’fluttu 33/4

flýja (verb) ‘to flee, take flight...’ — 1/6

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’foldar 36/2

folk (noun n.) ‘people...’fólk 27/3, fólk 37/5, fólki 10/4, fólki 14/8

folkvǫrðr (noun m.) ‘people’s guardian...’fólkvörð 2/7

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’framm 15/1

frami (noun m.) ‘success...’frama 11/8

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’fram 1/5

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’friðar 25/8

frómr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘[outstanding]...’frömu 9/4

frægð (noun f.) ‘fame...’frægðar 27/3, frægðar 37/5

frægðarmaðr (noun m.) ‘[a famous man]...’ — 9/3

frægðarsonr (noun m.) ‘[famous son]...’frægðarson 3/7

frægr (adj.) [°-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str] ‘famous, renowned...’frægt 23/1, frægt 34/1

2fullr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘full, complete...’full 28/3

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’fundar 34/4

fúss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager, willing...’fús 15/5

2fylgja (verb) ‘follow, accompany...’ — 15/2

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’fylkis 5/3, fylkis 11/7, fylkis 21/6

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 1/8, 6/6, 13/6, 24/4

fyrirmaðr (noun m.) ‘[leading man]...’ — 25/7

2fyrri (adv.) ‘before, previously...’ — 14/4

gagl (noun n.) ‘gosling...’ — 32/7

gagnfǫr (noun f.) ‘[meeting]...’gagnför 15/7

gandreið (noun f.) ‘riding-troll-woman...’ — 20/5

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’Gekk 14/1, gekk 24/1

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’garðs 8/7

garmr (noun m.) ‘dog...’gram 7/7

2Gautr (noun m.) ‘Gautr, Óðinn...’Gauts 17/4

gauzkr (adj.) ‘Gautish...’gauzkum 38/2

geð (noun n.) ‘mind...’ — 25/9, 29/7, 38/1

geiga (verb) ‘[drift, swung]...’ — 28/2

geigr (noun m.) ‘fright, injury...’geigur 17/3, geigur 19/7, geigur 32/8

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geir 18/7

gift (noun f.) ‘gift...’gipt 4/13, gipt 9/7, gipt 25/1

gjafstóll (noun m.) ‘[gift-chair]...’gjafstóli 30/4

1gjalda (verb) ‘pay, repay...’goldit 7/2

gjalfr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘surge, waves...’gjálfri 5/6

gjǫll (noun f.) ‘clamour...’Gjallar 21/3, Gjallar 24/2

glapstígr (noun m.) ‘pernicious path...’glapstíg 6/7

glymja (verb) ‘resound...’glymjandi 19/8, glymjandi 29/8

glæsa (verb) ‘adorn...’glæstr 12/5, glæstr 35/3

glæsiligr (adj.) ‘magnificent, glorious ...’glæsilig 37/3

gnæfa (verb) ‘[towering, towered]...’ — 14/6

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’góðu 3/4, góðu 25/4, góðu 34/6

gómr (noun m.) ‘gum, gums...’góm 29/3

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 38/7, grams 25/10, grams 26/3, grams 35/4

greiða (verb) ‘alleviate...’greiddu 11/8

greipr (noun m.) ‘grip, hands...’greipum 28/4

grenja (verb) ‘howl...’grenjandi 8/8

greypr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cruel...’greypra 15/8, greypri 21/4

grimmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce...’ — 30/3

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’grundar 34/5, grundir 31/8

grýtlingr (noun m.) ‘[Grýtlingar]...’Grýtlinga 6/8

2grœnn (adj.) [°superl. grǿnastr/grǿnstr] ‘green...’grænna 20/6, grænni 18/8

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’guðs 25/2

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’ — 14/5, 37/4, gulli 12/5, gulli 30/3, gulli 35/3

gullker (noun n.) ‘[gold-goblets]...’ — 28/1

1gylla (verb) ‘gild...’gyltu 29/4

gǫfuglátr (adj.) ‘splendid...’göfugláts 5/5

gǫfugmenni (noun n.) ‘[nobleman]...’göfugmenni 12/6

gǫll (noun f.) ‘shriek...’göll 21/7

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’ — 13/1, 33/1, 36/8

hafa (verb) ‘have...’Hafði 3/1, hafði 4/12, hafði 7/6, hafði 10/8, hafði 13/8, hafði 38/6, hefr 1/1

hald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘support...’ — 18/5

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 9/6, hans 4/13, þá 7/5

harða (adv.) ‘very...’ — 32/5

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harða 22/3

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’hauka 33/2

hauss (noun m.) [°hauss, dat. hausi/haus; hausar] ‘skull...’hausi 21/2

Hákon (noun m.) ‘Hákon...’ — 25/3

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hári 32/6, hæstrar 4/14

háreið (noun f.) ‘[oarlock]...’ — 35/7

heift (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘hatred, enmity...’heiptar 21/8

1heili (noun m.) [°-a] ‘brain...’ — 28/7

2heill (noun n.) [°; -] ‘fortune...’heilli 3/4, heilli 9/10, heilli 25/4, heilli 34/6

heitr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘hot, ardent...’heitum 8/2

herðimaðr (noun m.) ‘[brave men]...’herðimenn 33/3

herfǫr (noun f.) ‘war-expedition...’herför 22/5

hertogi (noun m.) ‘duke...’ — 23/8

1hildr (noun f.) ‘battle...’hildar 15/5

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’hilmis 11/3, hilmis 29/5

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himin 17/4, himin 26/4, himin 31/4, himna 36/7

hirð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar(FskB— 53‡)] ‘retinue...’ — 11/3, 15/3, 29/5

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’hjálmi 14/2

hjarta (noun n.) [°-; *-u] ‘heart...’ — 28/8

hjǫrr (noun m.) ‘sword...’hjarar 17/2, hjarar 18/6, hjarar 19/6, hjör 21/7

2hlaða (verb) ‘heap, pile...’hlaðnar 33/4

1hlið (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; -ar] ‘side...’hliðar 15/6

2hlið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘gate...’ — 8/7

hljóð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, silence, a hearing...’ — 22/1

hlýrnir (noun m.) ‘heaven, heavenly body...’hlýrna 22/8

hregg (noun n.) ‘storm...’hreggi 11/6

1hreinn (noun m.) [°; hreinar] ‘reindeer...’hrein 27/7

2hreinn (adj.) [°compar. hreinari/hreinni, superl. hreinastr/hreinstr] ‘pure...’hrein 32/5

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hring 30/6

hræ (noun n.) [°; -] ‘corpse, carrion...’ — 17/1, 19/5

huliðshjalmr (noun m.) ‘helmet of concealment...’huliðshjálm 3/3

hunang (noun n.) [°-s] ‘honey...’hunangs 29/6

hundr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘hound, dog...’ — 8/3

1húnn (noun m.) [°; húnar] ‘knob...’hún 11/5

hús (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘house...’ — 8/1

hvarbrigðr (adj.) ‘[fickle]...’hvarbrigð 9/5

hvass (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘keen, sharp...’hvössum 22/4

hvellr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘shrill...’hvell 22/3

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’ — 5/1, 30/5, hvert 8/1, hvert 35/8

hvé (pron.) ‘how...’ — 26/5

hvéli (noun n.) ‘[wheel]...’ — 9/8

hvítr (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘white...’hvítu 27/8

hvǫtuðr (noun m.) ‘inciter...’hvötuð 6/6

hǫfuð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘head...’höfði 1/4, höfuð 5/2, höfuð 22/6, höfuð 25/10, höfuðs 13/2

Hǫgni (noun m.) ‘[Hǫgni, Högni]...’Högna 22/7

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendi 21/4, hendr 11/4

Hǫrðar (noun m.) ‘the Hǫrðar...’Hörða 26/3

ifli (noun m.) ‘hawk...’ifla 36/2

il (noun f.) [°; -jar] ‘footsole...’ — 16/7

2inn (art.) ‘the...’ — 13/3

innanlands (adv.) ‘[within country]...’ — 10/3

inndrótt (noun f.) ‘retinue...’ — 16/1, 28/5

2inni (adv.) ‘in, inside, indoors...’ — 28/3

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 1/1, 9/4, 13/3, 15/7, 19/2, 21/7, 22/5, 23/3, 25/15, 29/7, 38/4

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’járni 20/4

1játa (verb) ‘agree...’játat 38/6

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jöfra 9/14, jöfra 31/6, jöfurs 4/10

kappsnúinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[vigorous]...’ — 25/13

kardináli (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[Cardinal]...’karðináli 25/14

ker (noun n.) ‘vessel...’kers 5/7

knega (verb) ‘to know, understand, be able to...’knátti 9/12, knátti 12/4, knátti 15/2, knátti 19/4, knátti 23/6, knátti 26/2, knátti 26/6, knátti 32/2, knátti 36/4, knáttu 14/6, knáttu 22/2, knáttu 28/2, knáttu 35/6

knerri (noun m.) ‘[ship]...’ — 20/2

knǫrr (noun m.) [°knarrar, dat. knerri; knerrir, acc. knǫrru/knerri] ‘(a kind of) ship...’knörr 29/7

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kom 3/8, kom 25/1

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’konung 25/11, 37/7, konungs 3/2

1kóróna (noun f.) [°-u, -ur] ‘crown...’kórónu 25/12

kringja (verb) ‘encircle, make round...’kringðum 5/6

kristni (noun f.) [°-/-s(Ágr 26¹²)] ‘Christianity...’ — 25/6

Kristr (noun m.) [°-s/-, dat. -i; -ar] ‘Christ...’ — 3/1

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kunni 30/8

kynda (verb) ‘kindle...’kyndi 16/2

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’landi 12/2

landráð (noun n.) ‘treason; government...’ — 7/1

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langa 36/3

laukr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘leek, mast...’laukar 11/2, 20/1

laushendr (adj.) ‘[openhanded]...’ — 18/1

Láka (noun f.) ‘[Låke]...’Láku 10/6

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 10/10, lét 25/12

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’Lagði 11/1, 23/6, Lögðu 6/1

leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’ — 36/3

leiðangr (noun m.) [°leiðangrs, dat. leiðangri; leiðangrar] ‘naval levy...’ — 35/1

leiki (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘play...’ — 17/2, 18/6

2leiptr (noun f.) ‘lightning...’ — 17/1

leita (verb) ‘seek, look for, attack...’ — 2/2

leygfǫr (noun f.) ‘[raging of fire]...’leygför 23/5

1leygr (noun m.) ‘flame...’leyg 33/1

leysa (verb) ‘release, loosen, redeem...’leystan 7/6

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 6/8, liðs 2/5

1litr (noun m.) [°-ar dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. litu/hlyti(Eluc675(1989) 91¹‡)] ‘colour, appearance...’litum 36/6

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 23/7, lífi 9/4

líta (verb) ‘look, see; appear...’ — 37/2

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítlu 6/2, lítlu 7/2

1Ljóðhús (noun n.) ‘[Lewis, Lödöse]...’Ljóðhúsa 37/8

lofanligr (adj.) ‘[commendable]...’lofanlig 36/5

lofði (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man...’lofða 18/2

lofðungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, leader...’ — 7/5, lofðungs 2/1

lofsæll (adj.) ‘praise-blessed, glorious...’ — 37/7

loft (noun n.) ‘air, sky...’lopti 20/8

logi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘flame...’ — 35/2

2lýsa (verb) ‘illuminate, show...’ — 36/4

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’lögr 19/5

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’ — 5/1, 30/5, manna 22/6, manni 13/2, manni 38/2, menn 6/3, mönnum 29/2

man (noun n.) ‘girl...’mans 21/3, mans 22/7

mágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘brother-, father-, or son-in-law...’ — 24/3

1máli (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘interlocutor, close companion ...’málu 18/8

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 12/2, 26/4

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’mætti 2/8

meginmildr (adj.) ‘tremendously generous ...’ — 14/3

menni (noun n.) ‘-men...’ — 10/2

mergr (noun m.) [°-jar; dat. -jum] ‘marrow...’mergs 31/4

1merki (noun n.) [°-s: -] ‘banner, sign...’merkjum 14/4

metta (verb) ‘[sated, is sated]...’mettan 7/8

mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’Mjök 34/1

mjǫll (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u] ‘flour; snow...’mjöll 32/1

1mund (noun f.) ‘hand...’mundar 31/3

munnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘mouth...’munni 8/2, munni 22/4

2mǫrk (noun f.) [°merkr; merkr] ‘forest...’markar 7/4

nafn (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘name...’ — 9/15, 23/1, nafni 4/10

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’náði 4/16

náreið (noun f.) ‘[bier]...’ — 23/3

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 27/1, 27/5

Niðarbakki (noun m.) ‘[banks of Nidelven]...’Niðarbakka 23/4

1niðr (noun m.) [°-s; niðjar/niðir, acc. niði] ‘son, kinsman, relative...’niðs 1/3

nift (noun f.) ‘kinswoman...’nipt 21/5

2nǫkkvi (adv.) ‘somewhat, a little ...’nøkkvi 23/2

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 3/2, 8/7, 10/15, 14/8, 16/7, 22/6, 24/8, 31/8, 32/7, 35/4

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 4/12, 10/8, 13/8

ofrausn (noun f.) ‘excess of heroism...’ — 9/9

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 4/5, 4/13, 6/5, 8/5, 9/13, 10/9, 10/12, 12/1, 16/1, 21/1, 24/1, 25/9, 30/1, 33/1, 33/6

ormr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘serpent...’orms 18/3

ófár (adj.) ‘not a few...’ — 12/1

ófriðr (noun m.) ‘unrest...’ófriði 1/8, ófriði 3/6, 10/1

ógnstórr (adj.) ‘[awe-inspiring]...’ — 38/5

ókaldr (adj.) ‘[during warm]...’ókalt 4/5

ólágr (adj.) ‘not low, not insignificant ...’ólágt 9/13

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 3/6

óskafundr (noun m.) ‘[merry meeting]...’óskafundi 33/8

Ósló (noun f.) ‘[Oslo]...’ — 6/4

Óslóarfjǫrðr (noun m.) ‘[Oslofjorden]...’Óslófjarðar 13/4

páfi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘Pope...’páfa 25/16

rakki (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘[dog]...’ — 8/6

rakkr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘bold...’rakks 33/5

rann (noun n.) ‘house, hall...’ranni 27/2

1raukn (noun f.) ‘[draught-animals]...’ — 13/1

1rausn (noun f.) ‘magnificence...’ — 26/1, rausnar 23/7

reip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rope...’reipum 11/4

2reisa (verb) ‘to raise, erect...’ — 9/12

remmi- ((prefix)) ‘forceful, strong...’remmi 34/8

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’rann 31/1

riðusótt (noun f.) ‘[fevers]...’riðusóttum 24/4

1ríða (verb) ‘ride...’Reið 20/1

2ríða (verb) ‘twist, rub, press (Cf. OE wrīðan)...’ — 26/2

rífa (verb) ‘tear...’ríf 17/6

ríki (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kingdom, power...’ — 10/16

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ — 23/8

rísa (verb) ‘rise, raise...’risu 11/2

1rjóðr (noun m.) ‘reddener...’ — 9/11

róma (noun f.) ‘battle...’rómu 2/6, rómu 15/4

2ræfr (noun n.) ‘roof...’ræfri 27/8

ræsir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ræsis 15/3, ræsis 24/3

rǫðull (noun m.) [°dat. rǫðli] ‘heavenly body...’röðul 36/8

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’rand 17/5, Rand 34/7, randa 9/11

rǫskr (adj.) ‘brave...’rösk 11/1

2sama (verb) ‘befit...’samit 10/8

samr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘same...’ — 18/5

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ 25/1, 26/1, Þat 9/1, þat 30/7, þat 34/1, þá 3/5, þá 4/9

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggja 30/2

segl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sail...’ — 19/1

1seið (noun f.) ‘chant, incantation...’ — 10/7

1selja (noun f.) [°-u] ‘willow...’selju 8/6

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 35/2, 37/4

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’sett 14/5

1sig (noun n.) ‘[battle]...’ — 22/1

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’sigri 34/3

siklingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’siklings 38/8

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sinnar 26/8

sitja (verb) ‘sit...’sat 30/1

síðarr (adv.) ‘later...’síðar 6/2, síðar 23/2

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’ 5/1

sjóðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘purse...’sjóð 32/1

skafl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘snow-drift...’sköflum 33/6

skapt (noun m.) [°; *-] ‘°(Fr def. 5 “en af de Stænger hvormed Væ...’skapti 18/4

skati (noun m.) [°-a; -nar] ‘chieftan, prince...’skata 30/6

skaut (noun n.) [°; -] ‘sail...’ — 29/1, skautum 26/4

skepna (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘creation...’skepnur 5/2

sker (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. -ja] ‘skerry...’ — 29/3

1skipa (verb) ‘change, place...’skipaz 13/8

skipta (verb) ‘share, divide, exchange...’skipti 36/6

skipun (noun f.) [°-anar/-unar; -anir] ‘ship’s equipment, crew...’skipan 27/6

skíð (noun n.) [°; -] ‘ski...’skíðum 34/8

skína (verb) ‘shine...’Skein 31/5

skjǫldr (noun m.) [°skjaldar/skildar, dat. skildi; skildir, acc. skjǫldu] ‘shield...’skjalda 20/6

1skrift (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘image...’skriptr 11/5

skríða (verb) ‘creep, glide...’Skriðu 13/1

skrǫklauss (adj.) ‘[not a lie]...’skröklaust 9/1

Skúli (noun m.) [°-a] ‘Skúli...’Skúla 13/7, 9/2

ský (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cloud...’ — 17/7

slíta (verb) ‘to tear...’sleit 20/8

slunginn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘encircled, coiled...’ — 20/4

2snara (verb) ‘turn (quickly)...’sneri 9/6

snekkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘warship...’snekkju 12/3

sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’syni 25/2

sól (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘sun...’ — 31/5, 36/7

spjalli (noun m.) ‘confidant...’spjalla 16/8

stallr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘seat, stall, support...’stall 38/4

standa (verb) ‘stand...’Stóð 10/1

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’ — 6/6

steinn (noun m.) [°steins; steinar] ‘stone, colour...’ — 38/1

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stór 13/5, 25/9

2stríð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘affliction...’stríða 28/6

stund (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘time, hour...’ — 38/3

styrr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘battle...’styrjar 38/3

stýrir (noun m.) ‘ruler, controller...’stýri 15/4, 18/2, stýris 31/6

1støkkva (verb) ‘(str.) leap, spring; scatter...’stukku 16/6, stökk 6/5

sumar (noun n.) [°-s; sumur/sumar] ‘summer...’sumri 4/4

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 37/1

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 16/5

sveit (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘host, company...’sveitir 2/4

1svelgja (verb) ‘swallow...’Svalg 8/1

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’sverða 10/7

svipr (noun m.) ‘swinging, violent...’svip 8/5

svíar (noun m.) ‘Swedes...’Svía 34/4, Svía 38/7

svífa (verb) ‘sweep...’ — 12/4, 32/2

Svǫlnir (noun m.) ‘Svǫlnir...’Svölnis 20/7

syngja (verb) ‘sing...’ — 22/2

sœma (verb) ‘honour...’sæmðr 34/3

sœmð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘honour...’sæmðar 26/7

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tekit 4/12, tók 9/16

tállauss (adj.) ‘[without deceit]...’tállaust 4/1

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 6/1, 10/14, 11/8, 25/8, 28/8, 34/4, 37/8

1tíð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time...’ðar 4/14

tígn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘honour...’ — 5/3

tírargjarn (adj.) ‘fame-eager...’ — 4/11

tírr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘glory, honour...’tírar 1/4

Tryggvi (noun m.) ‘Tryggvi...’Tryggva 1/3

tungl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘heavenly body...’ — 35/5

tvennr (adj.) ‘two...’tvennan 4/2

tvisvar (adv.) ‘[Two, twice]...’tysvar 4/8

Týr (noun m.) ‘Týr...’Týs 16/3, Týs 18/7

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’úlfa 10/11

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 12/6, 13/2, 14/2, 27/7

1unna (verb) ‘love...’ — 28/4

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 31/1

Upplǫnd (noun n.) ‘Opplandene...’Upplönd 2/3

útifugl (noun m.) ‘[wild birds]...’útifuglar 4/6

2val (noun n.) ‘choice...’vala 14/8

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’vald 25/5, 27/1, valds 33/7

2valr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘falcon...’vala 31/8

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’ — 4/16, vaxanda 10/10

vágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘sea, wave...’ — 28/7

vápn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weapon...’ — 10/14, vápna 15/8

1veggr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s(Páll²A 257³³), dat. -/-i(kun defin.); -ir] ‘wall...’vegg 20/7

vegilátr (adj.) ‘[ splendid]...’vegilát 4/15

2vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -] ‘honour...’veg 13/5

2veita (verb) ‘grant, give...’ — 26/6

velja (verb) ‘choose...’Valði 10/13, valði 27/4

1ver (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -jum/-um] ‘sea...’vers 24/7, vers 27/7

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’er 9/1, er 34/1, sæi 37/4, var 9/2, Var 18/1, Var 35/1, var 37/1, Var 38/1, Vara 7/1, varat 12/7, væri 35/2

3verðr (adj.) ‘worth, worthy...’vert 4/7

vermir (noun m.) ‘vermir...’Verma 8/4

1verpa (verb) ‘to throw, cast (up)...’urpu 4/8

1verr (noun m.) [°[-s; -ar/ir]] ‘man...’vers 34/7

2vestr (adv.) ‘west, in the west...’ — 27/5

vetr (noun m.) [°vetrar/vetrs(HómHauksb³ 173²³), dat. vetri; vetr] ‘winter...’ — 10/13

2 (noun n.) [°; -] ‘banner, standard...’ — 14/7

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’við 23/5

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 4/10, 7/3, 16/4, 35/8, 36/8

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’viðar 8/3

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vildi 34/2, vildu 5/4

1vindr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar; -ar] ‘wind...’vind 5/7, vindi 19/2

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’víðum 5/8

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 10/9, 10/15

vígja (verb) ‘to hallow, consecrate...’vígði 25/8

víglið (noun n.) ‘[battle-host]...’vígliði 13/6

vígsla (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘[consecration]...’vígslu 26/8

vín (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wine...’ — 29/1

vísi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘leader...’vísa 10/16, vísa 14/7, vísa 29/2, vísa 31/7

vǫlsungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘sovereign, Vǫlsung...’völsungr 26/5

vǫrðr (noun m.) [°varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu] ‘guardian, defender...’vörðr 34/5

yfir (prep.) ‘over...’ — 25/3, 35/7

2ynglingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king...’ — 10/5, ynglings 1/7

yrþjóð (noun f.) ‘mankind...’ — 30/7

2ýgr (adj.) ‘fierce...’ýg*s 14/2

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 6/5, 13/5, 15/1, 19/1, 21/1, 22/1, 24/1, 28/1, 30/1, 31/1, 32/1, 35/5

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 1/1, 9/9, 10/5, 36/6

þeysa (verb) ‘hasten...’þeysti 37/6

þiggja (verb) ‘receive, get...’Þá 30/5

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’þjóðu 31/2, þjóðu 32/6

þótt (conj.) ‘although...’ — 9/5

þrima (noun f.) ‘battle, din...’þrimu 10/14

2þurfa (verb) ‘need, be necessary...’þurfti 1/6

œskja (verb) ‘[wish for]...’æskja 30/8

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’ — 1/1

ǫðlingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’öðlingr 1/2, öðlings 6/3, öðlings 9/15

ǫflugr (adj.) ‘mighty, strong...’öflgrar 25/6

ǫfugr (adj.) ‘backwards...’öfgu 9/10

ǫl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ale...’öl 27/6

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldar 9/7, öld 13/7

ǫr (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; ǫrvar/ǫrar] ‘arrow...’örvar 20/3

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated