Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Herdísarson (Steinn)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

3. Óláfsdrápa (Óldr) - 16

Skj info: Steinn Herdísarson, Islandsk skjald, 11. årh. (AI, 407-13, BI, 376-83).

Skj poems:
1. Nizarvísur
2. Ulfsflokkr
3. Óláfsdrápa

Steinn was the great-grandson of the Icel. poet Einarr skálaglamm ‘Tinkle-scales’ Helgason (EskálI) and a kinsman of Stúfr inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Þórðarson (Stúfr; see the genealogy in SnE 1848-87, III, 607 and Genealogy IV in ÍF 5). At the battle of the river Nissan in 1062 he was on board the ship of his kinsman, Úlfr stallari ‘the Marshal’ Óspaksson (Úlfr). Steinn was a court poet of Haraldr harðráði ‘Hardrule’ Sigurðarson and his son Óláfr kyrri ‘the Quiet’ Haraldsson (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 275). Two poems, NizarvísurVísur about the Nissan’ (Steinn Nizv), and ÓláfsdrápaDrápa about Óláfr’ (Steinn Óldr) survive of his poetic oeuvre, and another st., ÚlfsflokkrFlokkr about Úlfr’ (Steinn Úlffl), is usually assigned to a poem about Úlfr Óspaksson.

Óláfsdrápa (‘Drápa about Óláfr’) — Steinn ÓldrII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Steinn Herdísarson, Óláfsdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 367-81.

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Skj: Steinn Herdísarson: 3. Óláfsdrápa, o. 1070 (AI, 409-13, BI, 379-83); stanzas (if different): 1 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17

in texts: Flat, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, HSig, MH, Mork, ÓlKyrr

SkP info: II, 367-81

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 15/6

allnær (adv.) ‘very near, very close ...’ — 2/2

allr (adj.) ‘all...’ — 5/7, alls 7/8, alls 16/2, Ǫll 8/1, ǫll 12/3

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’ — 13/6

arfi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘heir, heiress...’ — 7/7

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 4/2

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auðar 13/5

auðsóttr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘easy to get, conquer...’auðsótt 8/6

austan (adv.) ‘from the east...’ — 11/4

3austr (adv.) [°compar. -ar, superl. -ast] ‘east, in the east...’ — 5/1

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/6, 10/8

4ár (adv.) ‘of yore, previously, early...’ — 1/3

2átt (noun f.) [°; -ir (acc. sg. attvnna AnnaReyk 410⁹)] ‘lineage...’ — 13/1

2banna (verb) [°-að-] ‘forbid, refuse...’ — 7/4

bekksǫgn (noun f.) ‘[benchmates]...’bekksagnir 14/3

1ben (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -; -jar , gen. -a(var. EiðKrC 402¹³: AM 77 4°— “D”)] ‘wound...’benja 3/3

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’borin* 16/8, borinn 5/8, borinn 12/8, borinn 14/8

betri (adj. comp.) [°superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.] ‘better, best...’beztan 4/8, beztan 8/8, beztan 13/8

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’bað 11/3, biðr 8/1

1bjarga (verb) [°bergr (biærgr Alk619 77⁹; biargr ÓH619 119¹‡); barg, burgu; borginn] ‘to save, preserve...’bjargask 3/2

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’ — 3/4, blóði 9/8

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 4/5, 11/6

bragnar (noun m.) ‘men, warriors...’bragna 3/3, bragna 14/3

bragningr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘prince, ruler...’ — 14/4

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’branda 9/6

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðan 4/5

brim (noun n.) ‘surf...’brims 4/6

brjóta (verb) [°brýtr; braut, brutu; brotinn] ‘to break, destroy...’braut 5/3

1brynja (noun f.) [°-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur] ‘mailcoat...’brynjur 10/2, brynjur 15/4

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’bjósk 11/2

búandi (noun m.) [°-a; búendr (bøendr var. ÓH 47¹²: AM 325 VII 4° “325 VII”), dat. búǫndum/búandum/búendum] ‘farmer, resident...’búendr 2/2

danskr (adj.) ‘Danish...’danskir 10/1

2deila (verb) [°-ld-] ‘share out, deal...’deilask 9/3

2drekka (verb) [°drekkr; drakk, drukku; drukkinn/drykkinn] ‘drink...’drukknuðu 1/2

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’drengi 15/6, drengir 10/1, 1/3

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’ — 1/5, dróttins 6/3, dróttins 8/6

dyggr (adj.) [°dyggvan/dyggan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri, superl. -vastr/-astr/-str] ‘trustworthy...’ — 15/5

dynr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘din...’ — 10/2

dǫglingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’dǫglingar 11/8

dǫrr (noun m.) ‘spear...’dǫrrum 8/4

Egðir (noun m.) ‘the Egðir...’Egða 6/3, Egða 8/1

eggdjarfr (adj.) ‘edge-daring...’ — 12/4, eggdjarfra 8/2

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’ — 8/5

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’mér 9/3

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 3/3, Enn 11/1

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’ — 16/2, enskis 15/2

englar (noun m.) ‘English people...’Engla 5/1, Engla 12/7, Engla 14/7, Englum 2/6

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 2/7

eptir (prep.) ‘after, behind...’ — 2/7

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 2/8, es 4/2

fagna (verb) [°-að-] ‘welcome, rejoice...’ — 14/4

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’fǫgr 9/7

falla (verb) ‘fall...’ — 2/2, fell 4/7, Fellu 3/1

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’fórsk 1/1

(noun n.) [°fjár/féar; -] ‘cattle, money...’ — 13/7

Filir (noun m.) ‘the Filir...’Fila 1/5, Fila 8/6

firar (noun m.) ‘men...’firum 15/4

fjǫlgóðr (adj.) ‘[very good]...’ — 9/8

flaust (noun n.) ‘ship...’ — 4/2

2fljótr (adj.) ‘quick...’fljótu 4/1

flótti (noun m.) ‘flight, fleeing...’flótta 1/5

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’foldu 6/1

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’ — 1/6, fremstr 16/6

friðmál (noun n.) ‘peace-talk...’friðmála 12/6

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’frið 12/4

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’ — 4/1

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 1/7, 8/3, 9/5, 11/6

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrðar 9/7

2fyrsta (adv.) ‘first...’ — 9/4

2fœra (verb) ‘bring...’fœrðu 11/5

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’Gengu 10/1

gangr (noun m.) ‘going, walking; course; success...’ — 4/6

garðr (noun m.) ‘enclosure, yard...’ — 10/8

gefa (verb) ‘give...’Gefr 13/1, gefr 14/5, gefr 15/1, gefr 16/1

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerva 16/7

2gerð (noun f.) ‘gear...’gerðar 15/8

gjǫf (noun f.) ‘gift...’gjǫfum 14/4

gjǫflund (noun f.) ‘generous disposition...’ — 16/8

2glaðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘cheerful, glad...’ — 5/5

gleðja (verb) ‘gladden, rejoice...’gleðr 14/1

glíkr (adj.) [°-jan/-an; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘like, alike...’glíkt 16/7

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 4/8, gram 8/8, gram 13/8, Grams 16/5, 7/3, 11/2

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’ — 6/7

1grunnr (noun m.) ‘bottom, shallows...’grunna 10/6

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’ — 16/3

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunni 11/1

1gǫrr (adj.) ‘ample, perfect...’ — 10/2

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’ — 4/3, hafs 9/5, hafs 10/6

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’ — 11/3, Heldr 6/1, helt 5/1

Halland (noun n.) ‘Halland...’ — 9/6

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’ — 13/3, hanns 7/4, hanns 16/6, þeira 10/7

hauss (noun m.) [°hauss, dat. hausi/haus; hausar] ‘skull...’hausum 10/7

haust (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘autumn...’hausti 4/2

hábrynjaðr (adj.) ‘armoured...’hábrynjuð 13/4

hála (adv.) ‘vastly...’hôla 7/6

Hár (noun m.) ‘Hárr, the High One...’Hôars 15/8

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’ — 10/7, hári 6/1

heðra (adv.) ‘here...’ — 5/5

4heiðr (adj.) ‘bright...’heiðum 16/5

heiftbráðr (adj.) ‘quick-tempered...’heiptbráðr 6/2

heilagr (adj.) [°helgan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘holy, sacred...’ — 7/3

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’heitir 4/3

1herðandi (noun m.) ‘strengthener...’herðǫndum 8/7

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’ — 1/6, 2/3, 5/5

herskjǫldr (noun m.) ‘war-shield...’herskildi 11/3

herþengill (noun m.) ‘[host-leader]...’ — 14/1

hildingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’hildinga 16/4

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’ — 6/5, 15/1

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himni 16/5

hirð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar(FskB— 53‡)] ‘retinue...’ — 15/2

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’hjalma 10/4, hjalma 15/1

hlíftrauðr (adj.) ‘[protection-shy]...’ — 2/4

hljóta (verb) ‘alot, gain...’Hlaut 9/5

hnøggvi (noun f.) ‘stinginess, parsimony ...’ — 13/3

hoddǫrr (adj.) ‘[hoard-generous]...’ — 14/2

Hrafnseyrr (noun f.) ‘[Ravenseer]...’ — 4/4

hraustgeðr (adj.) ‘[brave-minded]...’ — 11/4

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hring 5/6, hringum 14/1

hrǫnn (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘wave...’hrann 10/8

hugna (verb) ‘please...’Hugnar 12/5

hvar (adv.) ‘where...’ — 9/1

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’ — 13/7, 16/7

2hvíla (verb) ‘rest...’hvílir 7/3

hylli (noun f.) [°-] ‘favour...’ — 16/3

2hætta (verb) ‘risk...’hætti 2/3

hǫggva (verb) ‘to strike, put to death, cut, hew...’hǫggvit 16/3

iflauss (adj.) ‘doubtless...’iflaust 2/8

2inn (art.) ‘the...’in 4/1

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 1/1, 4/3, 7/2, 12/4

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfra 13/1, jǫfra 16/1, 6/2, 7/4

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jarðar 10/3, jarðar 10/8, 8/5

kaldr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cold...’kǫldum 6/6

kalla (verb) ‘call...’ — 7/8

kaupangr (noun m.) ‘Trondheim...’Kaupangi 7/2

klæði (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘clothes...’ — 15/3

knǫrr (noun m.) [°knarrar, dat. knerri; knerrir, acc. knǫrru/knerri] ‘(a kind of) ship...’knǫrru 13/2

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kom 5/6

konr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘kind, descendant...’ — 16/4

konungmaðr (noun m.) ‘king...’konungmanna 16/6

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’ — 2/4, 4/4, 5/4, 6/4, 7/6, 9/6, 11/4, 13/6, 14/6, konungs 15/3

kúga (verb) ‘force...’kúgar 12/7

kváma (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘coming...’ — 2/5

kynstórr (adj.) ‘high-born...’ — 15/4

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’landi 8/3, Lǫnd 12/1

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langra 4/6, lǫng 11/6

launa (verb) ‘reward...’launar 15/7

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 4/1, lézt 2/1, lætr 14/3, lætr 15/5

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’ — 12/4

lestir (noun m.) ‘damager, destroyer...’ — 5/6

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 8/2, 11/5, liði 5/2

lifa (verb) ‘live...’lifðu 2/8

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ 1/3

1lita (verb) ‘colour, stain...’litat 9/8

1líða (verb) ‘move, glide...’leið 4/2

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’lífi 2/4

4líka (verb) ‘please...’líkar 12/2

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítlu 11/5

lof (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘praise, leave, permission...’ — 6/6

lundaðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘minded...’ — 1/8

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’menn 1/2, mǫnnum 13/6

malmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘metal...’malmi 6/5, malms 10/4

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’mǫrg 1/1

1mál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘speech, matter...’mála 9/3

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 10/2

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’ 16/2

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’meira 11/8

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’miklu 4/8, miklu 8/8, miklu 13/8

mildr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’mildi 16/4

1minni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘memory...’ — 9/4

1móða (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘river...’móðu 1/1

1muna (verb) ‘remember...’mank 6/6

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 2/5, mun 7/1, mun 7/5, mun 8/5, mun 16/7

mækir (noun m.) ‘sword...’mæki 9/2

mætr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘honoured, respected...’ — 6/5

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’náði 3/2, náði 6/2

nenninn (adj.) ‘vigorous...’ — 14/5

njóta (verb) ‘enjoy, use...’nýtr 13/5

norðan (adv.) ‘from the north...’ — 11/6

norðmaðr (noun m.) ‘Norwegian...’Norðmǫnnum 14/5

Noregr (noun m.) ‘Norway...’Nóregs 7/8, Nóregs 14/6

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 14/2

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 1/3, 3/1, 4/7, 5/3

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 6/7, 10/4, 13/2, 15/1

óðal (noun n.) [°-s, dat. óð(a)li/óðrli; óðul, dat. óðlum/óðrlum] ‘(hereditary) property...’óðǫl 7/1

2óðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘raging, furious...’ — 4/7

ófár (adj.) ‘not a few...’ — 1/4

ólauss (adj.) ‘unwavering, stuck...’ólaust 6/4

Óláfr (noun m.) ‘Óláfr...’Ôláfr 7/6, 5/8, 9/1, 12/8, 14/8, 16/1, Óláfs 13/5

óslækinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[tireless]...’ — 9/2

ótvínn (adj.) ‘unwavering...’ótvínn 5/2

prýða (verb) ‘adorn...’ — 15/3

rammr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘mighty...’ramman 11/2, ramri 1/6

raskr (adj.) ‘[valiant man, bold]...’rǫskum 1/7

2Raumar (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘the Raumar...’Rauma 5/4, Rauma 6/7

rás (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘running, course, company...’rôs 1/7

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’ — 3/3

2reiða (verb) ‘carry...’reiðir 13/7

2reka (verb) ‘drive, force...’rak 1/5

rekkr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man, champion...’rekkar 10/5

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’renni 2/7

reyðr (noun f.) [°; -ar] ‘whale, rorqual...’reyðar 11/7

ríklundaðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘proud-minded...’ — 6/8

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’Rík 1/8, 7/4

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauð 9/2, ruðu 9/7, rýðr 14/2

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’rǫndu 6/7

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þat 12/2, þats 12/5, þau 15/3, Þess 2/5

sárr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘sore, painful; wounded...’sárir 10/5

sás (conj.) ‘the one who...’ — 14/2

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggja 8/2

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 2/7

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 15/6, 4/8, 8/8, 13/8

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sinnar 13/3, sinni 7/5, sinni 9/4, Sín 7/1, sínu 5/2, sínu 8/3

síz (conj.) ‘since...’ — 6/1

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’seðu 13/7

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’ 5/4, sær 4/7

skati (noun m.) [°-a; -nar] ‘chieftan, prince...’skǫtnum 12/2

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’ — 13/4, skipa 4/6

skjóta (verb) ‘shoot...’skaut 4/3

skjǫldungr (noun m.) ‘king...’skjǫldungs 6/6

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíkt 13/7

snilli (noun f.) ‘eloquence...’ — 12/3

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’snjallra 16/2

sóknstrangr (adj.) ‘attack-strong...’ — 7/2

sóknǫrr (adj.) ‘battle-eager...’ — 8/4

sól (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘sun...’sólu 5/8, sólu 12/8, sólu 14/8

spyrja (verb) [spurði] ‘ask; hear, find out...’spyr 16/7

1staðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s; -ir] ‘place...’Stað 11/6

stafn (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘prow...’stafni 4/4

steina (verb) ‘to stain, colour, paint...’steinda 13/2

2stika (verb) ‘enclose, barricade...’ — 8/4

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’stilli 5/7, 8/1

1stóll (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘seat, throne...’stóli 6/4

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stóran 5/3, stórum 14/6

straumr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘stream, current...’straum 5/4

stuðill (noun m.) [°; stuðlar] ‘pillar, prop...’ — 13/1

styrr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘battle...’styr 11/2

stýri (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rudder...’ — 5/3

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’ — 8/3

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 10/6

súð (noun f.) [°-ar; gen. -a] ‘planking, ship...’súðir 4/7

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 15/7

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 15/2, 16/1

2Sveinn (noun m.) ‘Sveinn...’Sveini 7/1

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 9/7, sverða 8/7

1synja (verb) ‘refuse...’ — 13/4

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sótti 2/3

1søkkva (verb) ‘sink, strong intrans....’Sukku 10/5

sǫngr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -vi/-; -var] ‘song...’sǫng 8/7

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tók 1/6, tók 5/5

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 7/8, 9/3, 9/5, 10/3, 10/6, 12/6, 16/3

troða (verb) ‘tread...’Trôðu 4/5, trôðu 11/7

túnvǫllr (noun m.) ‘[on farm-yard]...’túnvǫll 11/7

tveir (num. cardinal) ‘two...’ — 11/8

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’Ulfs 7/7

undir (prep.) ‘under...’ — 1/8, 6/8, 16/8

ungr (adj.) ‘young...’ungan 1/3, 2/1

1unna (verb) ‘love...’ — 7/5

1úrigr (adj.) ‘wet...’úrigs 10/4

Úsa (noun f.) ‘River Ouse...’Úsu 2/1

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 11/5

útan (prep.) ‘outside, without...’ — 9/5

útanborðs (adv.) ‘[overboard]...’ — 10/3

úti (adv.) ‘out, outdoors, out at sea, abroad...’ — 9/1

vaða (verb) ‘advance, wade...’óðu 3/4

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’ — 3/2

vás (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -um] ‘hardship...’ — 15/7

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’veg 4/5

vel (adv.) ‘well, very...’ — 12/2

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’es 14/7, es 16/5, vesa 2/6

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 10/2, 8/5

verðung (noun f.) ‘troop, retinue...’ — 15/8

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’verr 6/5

1verpa (verb) ‘to throw, cast (up)...’varp 10/7

vestan (prep.) ‘from the west...’ — 5/6

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 5/7, 11/2, 12/3

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vill 12/1, vill 13/3

virðir (noun m.) ‘[back, appreciator]...’ — 15/2

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veit 1/8, veit 6/8, Veitk 9/1

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’vítt 3/1

víking (noun f.) [°dat./acc. -/-u] ‘viking journey...’víkingar 3/4

vísi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘leader...’vísa 1/7, 2/1, 15/7

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’vǫllu 3/1

þangat (adv.) ‘there, thither...’ — 2/5

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 3/2, 7/7

þarfa (verb) ‘[need not make]...’þarfat 7/7

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 2/3, 4/3, 7/3

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 2/8

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 5/5

þegn (noun m.) [°dat. -/-i; -ar] ‘thane, man, franklin...’þegna 12/5

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’ — 12/1, 15/6, þengils 2/6

þiggja (verb) ‘receive, get...’ — 15/5

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 1/1, 12/5, 13/5

þrályndr (adj.) ‘[obstinate-minded]...’ — 12/6

þreifa (verb) ‘feel with hand...’þreifsk 6/3

þrýstir (noun m.) ‘crusher...’ — 5/1

Þrœndr (noun m.) [°; þrǿndir/þrǿndr] ‘people from Tröndelag...’Þrœnda 12/1

þrǫmr (noun m.) [°dat. þremi; gen. þrama] ‘rail, rim...’þrǫm 10/8

þungr (adj.) ‘heavy...’þungar 15/5

þverrir (noun m.) ‘dminisher...’ — 14/7

œgir (noun m.) ‘terrifier...’ — 12/7

1ætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘family...’ — 6/3, 7/5

ǫflugr (adj.) ‘mighty, strong...’ǫflgum 5/7

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’ — 13/2, 14/7

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