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Runic Dictionary

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Þormóðr Kolbrúnarskáld (Þorm)

11th century; volume 5; ed. R. D. Fulk;

I. Lausavísur (Lv) - 33

This edition is currently in preparation. The biography below may represent a superseded edition, notes and/or an interim or draft version. Do not cite this material without consulting the volume and skald editors.

Þormóðr Bersason’s (Þorm) story is told in Fóstbrœðra saga ‘Saga of the Sworn Brothers’ (Fbr), and on its witness he may be supposed to have been born c. 998 and to have died of a wound received in the battle of Stiklestad in 1030. The saga, however, is untrustworthy as to particulars, as the author seems to have derived most of his information about the poet from the poetry available to him. According to the saga, in childhood he and his friend Þorgeirr Hávarsson each swore that he would avenge the killing of the other if he lived. The latter, at the age of fifteen, avenged the killing of his father, initiating a string of thirteen killings commemorated in Þormóðr’s poem celebrating his sworn brother, ÞorgeirsdrápaDrápa about Þorgeirr’ (Þorgdr). Even though their friendship ended when Þormóðr was about fifteen, Þormóðr travelled to Greenland after Þorgeirr was killed (c. 1024), to take vengeance on the perpetrator Þorgrímr trolli (‘Troll’? see Note to Fbr 29/1) and three of his sons. The poet earned his nickname kolbrúnarskáld ‘Coal-brow’s Poet’ for having composed poetry in praise of Þórbjǫrg kolbrún Glúmsdóttir, though none of these survive (probably for reasons of a moral nature; see Boyer 1990, 80). According to Þormóðar þáttr (Þorm; see Þorm Lv 10-11I) he served King Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson (Cnut the Great) in Denmark before returning to Norway, where he spent the last part of his short life in the service of the king, Óláfr Haraldsson (S. Óláfr). According to a memorable passage in Hkr, on the morning of the battle of Stiklestad he recited Bjarkamál in fornu (Anon Bjark 1-2III) to rouse the king’s troops. For further biographical information, see Finnur Jónsson (1932-3, 31-3), ÍF 6, lii-lxx and Schach (1993).

Lausavísur — Þorm LvV (Fbr)

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þormóðr Kolbrúnarskáld, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 820.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25 

cross-references:  17 = Anon (Vǫlsa) 11I 

for reference only:  18x   19x   20x   21x   22x   23x   24x   25x 

Skj: Þórmóðr Bersason Kolbrúnarskáld: 2. Lausavísur (AI, 281-8, BI, 260-6)

SkP info: I, 831

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

19 — Þorm Lv 19I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 19/1, 19/7

Áli (noun m.) ‘Áli...’Ála 19/1

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’Búumk 19/5

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 19/5

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 19/7

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’éli 19/1

falma (verb) [°-að-] ‘falter...’ — 19/4

forða (verb) ‘escape, avoid...’forðask 19/6

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’gǫngum 19/7

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geir 19/7

geirþing (noun n.) ‘spear-assembly...’geirþingi 19/7

gunnr (noun f.) ‘battle...’gunn 19/8

gunnreifr (adj.) ‘battle-glad...’ — 19/8

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’hauldar 19/3

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 19/8

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’miklu 19/2

(adv.) ‘now...’ — 19/4

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 19/6

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 19/6

Óláfr (noun m.) ‘Óláfr...’Ôleifi 19/8

2reifr (adj.) ‘happy...’ — 19/8

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’ — 19/6

skalm (noun f.) ‘sword...’ — 19/4

skalmǫld (noun f.) ‘sword-age; Skálmǫld...’ — 19/4

1skelkr (noun m.) ‘fear, ?fun, frightened...’skelknir 19/3

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skyldut 19/3, skyli 19/6

slœkinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[weakling]...’slœkni 19/5

sókn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘attack, fight...’ — 19/5

stiklandi (noun m.) ‘[dispenser, shooter]...’ — 19/2

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’vex 19/4

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 19/5

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’þingi 19/7

þrøngva (verb) ‘press, throng...’þryngr 19/1

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’ — 19/4

ǫr (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; ǫrvar/ǫrar] ‘arrow...’ — 19/2

ǫrstiklandi (noun m.) — 19/2


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