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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Lausavísur (Anon)

III. 4. Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) - 38

not in Skj

2.2: Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise — Anon (TGT)III

Tarrin Wills 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 536.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38 

cross-references:  21 = Anon (TGT) 17III 

SkP info: III, 538

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — Anon (TGT) 2III

also: Anonymous Poems, Verses about a battle (?Stiklarstaðir) 1

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Tarrin Wills (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 538.

Svanr þyrr beint til benja
blóðs vindára róðri.

 

{The swan of blood} [RAVEN/EAGLE] rushes with {the rowing {of wind-oars}} [WINGS > FLIGHT] straight to the wounds.

context: Cited as an example of barbarismus in the form of a shortened vowel (stundar afdráttr ‘reduction of [vowel] length’) for metrical and aesthetic purposes. The second line is cited again for its shortened vowel in the section on metaplasmus, illustrating the same phenomenon under the classical term systole (‘sistola’; TGT 1927, 63): Sistola gerir langa samstǫfu skamma sem fyrr er ritatSystole makes a long syllable short as was written earlier’.

notes: The rhetorical figure exemplified here is realised in the second syllable of vindára, which is pronounced with a short vowel (TGT 1927, 44): Hér er vindara sett fyrir vindára róðri þat er flugr. Þessi samstafa er skǫmm gǫr fyrir fegrðar sakir, þvíat þá hljóðar betr ‘Here vindara is used instead of vindára róðri, that is, flight. This syllable is made short for the sake of beauty, because it sounds better’. It is not immediately clear why an even line of Type D2 (with a short syllable in metrical position 3) should be more pleasing to the ear than a Type D1-line (with a long syllable in metrical position 3), because both types are attested in dróttkvætt poetry. It could be that the long syllable with secondary stress was perceived to be too heavy (see Sievers 1893, 104 Anm. 4; Kuhn 1983, 147, 165).

texts: TGT 10, TGT 57 [2-2], TGT 1 1, Gramm 12, Gramm 59

editions: Skj Anonyme digte og vers [XII]: C. Vers om ubestemmelige personer og begivenheder 11 (AI, 598; BI, 598); Skald I, 291; SnE 1818, 311, 321, SnE 1848, 183, 189, SnE 1848-87, II, 102-3, 136-7, 406, 416, 509, III, 139, TGT 1884, 14, 22, 66, 88, 173, TGT 1927, 44, 63, 92.

sources

AM 748 I b 4° (A*) 3v, 26 - 3v, 27 (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 748 I b 4° (A*) 5v, 30 - 5v, 30 [2-2] (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 757 a 4° (B) 2v, 17 - 2v, 17 (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 242 fol (W*) 101, 17 - 101, 18 (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  image  
AM 242 fol (W*) 105, 31 - 105, 31 [2-2] (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  image  
AM 744 4°x (744x) 9v, 1 - 9v, 2 (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 761 a 4°x (761ax) 90v, 12 - 90v, 13 (TGT)  transcr.  image  
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