Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

login: password: stay logged in: help

Sigvatr Þórðarson (Sigv)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Judith Jesch;

7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson (Erlfl) - 10

Skj info: Sigvatr Þórðarson, Islandsk skjald, o. 995-o. 1045 (AI, 223-75, BI, 213-54).

Skj poems:
1. Víkingarvísur
2. Nesjavísur
3. Austrfararvísur
4. En drape om kong Olaf
5. Vestrfararvísur
6. Et kvad om Erlingr Skjalgsson
7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson
8. Tryggvaflokkr
9. Et digt om dronning Astrid
10. Knútsdrápa
11. Bersǫglisvísur
12. Erfidrápa Óláfs helga
13. Lausavísur
14. Et par halvvers af ubestemmelige digte

Sigvatr or Sighvatr Þórðarson (Sigv) is said (ÍF 27, 54) to have been the son of Þórðr Sigvaldaskáld ‘Poet of Sigvaldi’, an Icelander who served, in succession, Sigvaldi jarl Strút-Haraldsson, leader of the Jómsvíkingar, his brother Þorkell inn hávi ‘the Tall’, who campaigned in England, and Óláfr Haraldsson, later king of Norway (r. c. 1015-30) and saint. Þórðr is listed as one of Sigvaldi’s skalds in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 259, 268), but none of his poetry survives. The family tradition of poetry can also be traced in Óttarr svarti ‘the Black’, said to have been Sigvatr’s sister’s son (ÍF 27, 144; ÓH 1941, I, 203). Sigvatr was brought up by a certain Þorkell, at Apavatn in south-west Iceland. When nearly fully grown he sailed to what is now Trondheim, where he met up with his father and joined King Óláfr’s retinue. According to Snorri (ÍF 27, 54-6; ÓH 1941, I, 81-3), Sigvatr recited Lv 2-3 at this time, and he interceded with the king on behalf of Icelandic merchants forced to pay a heavy tax in Norway (cf. Sigv Lv 4). It is also likely that this is when Þórðr provided Sigvatr with the material for Víkv (see Introduction to Sigv Víkv), which may be the poem referred to in the prose introduction to Sigv Lv 2 (Fidjestøl 1982, 118). There is no evidence that Sigvatr ever returned to Iceland, and according to the anecdote in which Sigv Lv 11 is preserved, he died on the island of Selja in north-western Norway and was buried at Kristskirkja (Kristkirken) in Trondheim. His poetry records his various journeys to Sweden, England and the Continent, as well as incidents in Norway. We know nothing of Sigvatr’s private life, except that he had a daughter called Tófa, who had King Óláfr himself as her godfather (Sigv Lv 19).

Sigvatr’s surviving poetic oeuvre is both large and remarkably diverse, encompassing different kinds of encomia not only on King Óláfr (Sigv Víkv, Sigv Nesv, Sigv Óldr, Sigv ErfÓl), but also on King Knútr of Denmark (Sigv Knútdr) and the Norwegian nobleman Erlingr Skjálgsson (Sigv Erl, Sigv Erlfl). Sigvatr was godfather to King Magnús inn góði ‘the Good’ Óláfsson and composed some avuncular words of advice to the boy-king (Sigv BervII). All of these patrons are recognised in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 252-4, 258, 260-2, 269), where Sigvatr is also credited with having composed for the Swedish king Ǫnundr Óláfsson (although no such poetry survives, cf. Sigv Knútdr 4/6) and the Norwegian chieftain Ívarr inn hvíti ‘the White’ (cf. Context to Sigv Lv 8). Sigvatr also composed a poem on the Norwegian pretender Tryggvi Óláfsson (Sigv Tryggfl) and is unique in having composed in dróttkvætt in praise of a woman, Óláfr Haraldsson’s widow Ástríðr Óláfsdóttir (Sigv Ást). Several of Sigvatr’s poems are more or less loosely connected sequences of stanzas rather than more formal compositions, and encompass both travelogue (Sigv Austv) and political commentary (Sigv Vestv, Sigv BervII). The latter genre is also well represented in his lausavísur, which also include some remarkably personal stanzas expressing his grief at the death of King Óláfr (Sigv Lv 22-4). Sigvatr’s status as a hǫfuðskáld ‘chief skald’ was recognised in the twelfth century (cf. Esk Geisl 12/8VII). His versatility as a poet has clearly inspired a number of anecdotes focusing on the composition of poetry, mostly of doubtful authenticity (cf. Contexts to Sigv Lv 1, 8, 11, 27; also Introduction to Ótt Hfl). Apart from two fragments preserved in SnE (Sigv Frag 1-2III), Sigvatr’s poetry is transmitted in a wide range of texts within the tradition of the kings’ sagas and is therefore edited in this volume or (in the case of the late Sigv Berv) in SkP II. For general studies of Sigvatr’s life and works, see Paasche (1917), Hollander (1940) and Petersen (1946).

Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson — Sigv ErlflI

Judith Jesch 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Sigvatr Þórðarson, Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 629.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10 

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson, 1028-29 (AI, 244-7, BI, 228-31)

in texts: Flat, Fsk, Hkr, ÓH, ÓHHkr, ÓHLeg, ÓT

SkP info: I, 629

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

1 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 1 [Vol. 1, 631] — Sigv Erlfl 1I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Út réð Erlingr skjóta
eik, sás rauð enn bleika,
(iflaust es þat) jǫfri,
arnar fót, at móti;
skeið hans lá svá (síðan)
siklings í her miklum
(snarir bǫrðusk þar sverðum)
síbyrð við skip (fyrðar).

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 1 (AI, 244; BI, 228); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: 321x, 325V, 325VII, 61, 68, 73ax, 761bx, 972x, Flat, Holm2, Holm4, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 564, ÓH 127(123), ÓHHkr 120
 
2 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 2 [Vol. 1, 632] — Sigv Erlfl 2I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Rakkr þengill hjó rekka,
reiðr gekk hann of skeiðar,
valr lá þrǫngt á þiljum,
þung vas sókn fyr Tungum;
bragningr rauð fyr breiðan
borðvǫll Jaðar norðan,
blóð kom varmt í víðan
(vá frægr konungr) ægi.

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 2 (AI, 244; BI, 229); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: 321x, 325V, 325VII, 61, 68, 73ax, 761bx, 972x, Flat, Holm2, Holm4, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 565, ÓH 128(124), ÓHHkr 121
 
3 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 3 [Vol. 1, 633] — Sigv Erlfl 3I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ǫll vas Erlings fallin,
ungr fyr norðan Tungur
skeið vann skjǫldungr auða,
skipsókn við þrǫm Bóknar;
einn stóð sonr á sínu
snarr Skjalgs, vinum fjarri,
í lyptingu lengi
lætrauðr skipi auðu.

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 3 (AI, 244; BI, 229); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: 301x, 321x, 325V, 325VII, 51x, 61, 68, 73ax, 761bx, 972x, Bb, DG8, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, Holm2, Holm4, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 566, Fsk 155, ÓH 129(125), ÓHHkr 122, ÓHLeg 41
 
4 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 4 [Vol. 1, 634] — Sigv Erlfl 4I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Réð eigi grið, gýgjar,
geðstirðr, konungs firða
skógs þó at skúrir þyrrit,
Skjalgs hefnir sér nefna;
en varð keri virði
víðbotn né kømr síðan
glyggs á gjalfri lǫggðan
geirs ofrhugi meiri.

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 4 (AI, 244-5; BI, 229); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: 321x, 325V, 325VII, 61, 68, 73ax, 761bx, 972x, Bb, Flat, Holm2, Holm4, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 567, ÓH 130(126), ÓHHkr 123
 
5 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 5 [Vol. 1, 636] — Sigv Erlfl 5I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ǫndurða bað, jarðar,
Erlengr, sás vel lengi
geymði lystr, né lamðisk
landvǫrn, klóask ǫrnu,
þás hann at sig sǫnnum
(sá vas áðr búinn) ráða
(ats) við Útstein hizi
Áleif of tók môlum.

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 5 (AI, 245; BI, 229); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: 321x, 325V, 325VII, 61, 68, 73ax, 761bx, 972x, Bb, Flat, Holm2, Holm4, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 568, ÓH 131(127), ÓHHkr 124
 
6 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 6 [Vol. 1, 637] — Sigv Erlfl 6I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Erlingr fell, en olli
allríkr skipat slíku
(bíðrat betri dauða)
bragna konr með gagni;
mann veitk engi annan,
allbrátt at fjǫr látit,
enn sás allan kunni
aldr fullara at halda.

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 6 (AI, 245-6; BI, 230); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: 321x, 325V, 325VII, 325XI 2 b, 61, 68, 73ax, 761bx, 972x, Bb, Flat, Holm2, Holm4, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: ÓH 132(128), ÓHHkr 125
 
7 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 7 [Vol. 1, 639] — Sigv Erlfl 7I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Áslákr hefir aukit,
es vǫrðr drepinn Hǫrða
(fáir skyldu svá) foldar,
frændsekju (styr vekja);
ættvígi má eigi
(á líti þeir) níta,
frænd skyli bræði bindask
bornir (môl en fornu).

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 7 (AI, 246-7; BI, 230); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: 321x, 325V, 325VII, 325XI 2 b, 61, 68, 73ax, 75c, 761bx, 972x, Bb, Flat, Holm2, Holm4, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 570, ÓH 133(129), ÓHHkr 126
 
8 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 8 [Vol. 1, 640] — Sigv Erlfl 8I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Drakk eigi ek drekku
dag þann, es mér sǫgðu
Erlings tál, at jólum
allglaðr, þess es réð Jaðri;
þess mun dráp of drúpa
dýrmennis mér kenna,
hǫfuð bôrum vér hæra
(hart morð vas þat) forðum.

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 8 (AI, 246; BI, 230); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: DG8, Flat; texts: Flat 969, ÓHLeg 43
 
9 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 9 [Vol. 1, 640] — Sigv Erlfl 9I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Erlingr vas svá jarla
ôtt es skjǫldungr mátti
Áleifs mágr at œgði
aldyggs sonar Tryggva;
næst gaf sína systur
snarr búþegna harri
Ulfs feðr (vas þat) aðra
(aldrgipta) Rǫgnvaldi.

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 9 (AI, 246; BI, 230); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: 321x, 325V, 325VI, 325VIII 2 g, 53, 54, 61, 68, 73ax, 75c, 761bx, 78ax, 972x, Bb, Flat, Holm2, J1x, J2x, Kx, R686x, Tóm; texts: Flat 391, ÓH 35(33), ÓHHkr 25, ÓT 204
 
10 Vol. 1. 37. Sigvatr Þórðarson, 7. Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson, 10 [Vol. 1, 642] — Sigv Erlfl 10I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Erlingi, varð engi
annarr lendra manna,
ǫrr, sás átti fleiri
orrostur, fjǫlkostigr;
þrek bar seggr við sóknir
sinn, þvít fyrst gekk innan,
mildr, í marga hildi,
mest, en ór á lesti.

Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson 10 (AI, 247; BI, 231); dróttkvætt; ed. JJ; group: A1; mss: 321x, 325V, 325VI, 325VIII 2 g, 53, 54, 61, 68, 73ax, 75c, 761bx, 78ax, 972x, Bb, Flat, Holm2, J1x, J2x, Kx, R686x, Tóm; texts: Flat 392, ÓH 36(34), ÓHHkr 26, ÓT 205
 
© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.