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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

3. Anonymous Þulur, 10. Óðins nǫfn, 7 [Vol. 3, 748]

[6] Langbarðr: Lit. ‘long-bearded one’. Cf. Síðskeggr (st. 6/6 above), which is most likely modelled on Langbarðr (so Falk 1924, 22). However, it is possible that this Óðinn-name was influenced by the ethnic name of the Lombards, who received it from Godan (= Wotan, Óðinn): Paulus Diaconus relates the tale of the origin of this name in his Historia Langobardorum (Book I, chs 7-8, Bethmann and Waitz 1878, 52; see also Turville-Petre 1964, 72). As an Óðinn-heiti, Langbarðr is not otherwise attested in poetry, but it is also a heiti for ‘serpent’ and ‘sword’ (Þul Orma 3/3, Þul Sverða 2/3; see also Note to Eyv Hák 7/3I).


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