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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

3. Anonymous Þulur, 10. Óðins nǫfn, 6 [Vol. 3, 746]

[2] Viðurr: In Grí 49/7 (NK 67) the name is interpreted as that of a war god (Viðurr at vígum ‘Viðurr in battles’), which may be connected with the weak verb viða ‘kill, destroy’ (see Noreen 1912a, 1-3); hence ‘destroyer, killer’. Alternatively, Falk (1924, 33) argues that this Óðinn-heiti was originally an eponym which is still preserved in place names in Bohuslän, Sweden, e.g. Väderöar, Väderfjord (cf. OE Weder-Gēatas or Wed(e)ras pl. ‘the Geats’, a tribe from southern Scandinavia mentioned in Beowulf ll. 225, 423, 1492 etc.). This Óðinn-name occurs quite frequently in poetry.


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