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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

3. Anonymous Þulur, 10. Óðins nǫfn, 1 [Vol. 3, 732]

[3] Auðun: Earlier Auðunn (see AEW: Auðun). An old pers. n. which is not mentioned as an Óðinn-heiti in other poetic sources, aside from a possible allusion to it in an ofljóst construction in Grett Lv 13/3V (Gr 26); see Note there. A possible explanation for why this name is listed among Óðins nǫfn is found in a passage from Ynglinga saga (ch. 7, ÍF 26, 20): Eptir Óðins nafni var kallaðr Auðun ‘Auðun is derived from the name of Óðinn’. However, this is a misinterpretation based on folk etymology, because Auðun is a derivative from auðr m. ‘riches’ and vinr m. ‘friend’ (ÍO: Auðun(n)). Falk (1924, 3-4) believed that the connection between the two names was established rather early and that Auðun as an Óðinn-name might be traced back to a historical person, Audoin (= Ēadwine in the Old English Widsith l. 74), king of the Langobards (C6th), who was said to be of Gautr’s kin (cf. Gautr, l. 6 below).


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