Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

7. Anonymous Poems, Heilagra meyja drápa, 58 [Vol. 7, 928-9]

[All]: Fides (Faith), Spes (Hope) and Caritas (Love), represented as three daughters of a mother Sophia (Wisdom), may have been introduced to Icelanders in C14th from the Rhineland, where their cult was well known (see Cormack 1994, 37-8 for details). Several C14th-15th fragments of their lives exist (Unger 1877, I, 369-76; Widding, Bekker-Nielsen and Shook 1963, 310). These saints are said to have been martyred in Rome under the Emperor Hadrian (117-138 AD).


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